List of Prime Ministers of Belgium

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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The Prime Minister of Belgium (Dutch: Eerste minister van België; French: Premier ministre de Belgique; German: Premierminister von Belgien) or the Premier of Belgium is the head of the federal government in the Kingdom of Belgium.

Although Leaders of Government (French: Chefs de Cabinet) had been appointed since the independence of the country, until 1918 the King often presided over the Council of Ministers, so the modern era of the "Premiership" started after World War I with Léon Delacroix. The political importance of the King of the Belgians has decreased over time, whereas the position of Prime Minister has gradually become more important.

Chiefs of Government (1831–1918)[edit]

Political parties

  Independent
  Catholic Party
  Liberal Party

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Political Party Election Cabinet Monarch of Belgium
(Reign)
Took Office Left Office Days Name Composition
EtiennedeGerlache.jpg Étienne Constantin, Baron de Gerlache
(1785–1871)
27 February 1831 10 March 1831 11 Independent (Confessional) 1830 De Gerlache Vacant
JosephLebeau.gif Jean Louis Joseph Lebeau
(1794–1865)
10 March 1831 24 July 1831 136 Independent (Liberal) Lebeau I
Felix de muelenaere.jpg Felix Amandus, Comte de Muelenaere
(1793–1862)
24 July 1831 20 October 1832 454 Independent (Confessional) 1831 De Mûelenaere Leopold I
Leopold I by Franz Winterhalter.jpg
(1831–1865)
Albert Goblet.png Albert Joseph, Comte Goblet d'Alviella
(1790–1873)
20 October 1832 4 August 1834 653 Independent (Liberal) 1833 Goblet d'Alviella—
Rogier
Barthélemy de Theux (03).jpg Barthélemy Théodore, Comte de Theux de Meylandt
(1794–1874)
4 August 1834 18 April 1840 2084 Independent (Confessional) 1835
1837
1839
De Theux de Meylandt I
Belgium was a part of Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1815 to 1839. Kingdom of the Netherlands officially recognized its independence on 19 April 1839. Prime minister of Kingdom of Belgium is legal from that time.
JosephLebeau.gif Jean Louis Joseph Lebeau
(1794–1865)
18 April 1840 13 April 1841 360 Independent (Liberal) Lebeau II
Jean Baptiste Nothomb (02).jpg Jean-Baptiste, Baron Nothomb
(1805–1881)
13 April 1841 30 July 1845 1569 Independent (Liberal) 1841
1843
Nothomb
Sylvain Van de Weyer.png Jean-Sylvain Van de Weyer
(1802–1874)
30 July 1845 31 March 1846 244 Independent (Liberal) 1845 Van de Weyer
Barthélemy de Theux (03).jpg Barthélemy Théodore, Comte de Theux de Meylandt
(1794–1874)
31 March 1846 12 August 1847 499 Independent (Confessional) De Theux de Meylandt II
Charlesrogier.jpg Charles Latour Rogier
(1800–1885)
12 August 1847 31 October 1852 1907 Liberal Party 1847
1848
1850
Rogier I Lib.
Henri de Brouckère.jpg Jonkheer Henri Ghislain Joseph Marie Hyacinthe de Brouckère
(1801–1891)
31 October 1852 30 March 1855 880 Liberal Party 1852
1854
De Brouckère Lib.
Pierre De Decker.jpg Pierre (Pieter) Jacques François de Decker
(1812–1891)
30 March 1855 9 November 1857 955 Independent (Confessional) 1855
1856
De Decker Cath.Lib.
Charlesrogier.jpg Charles Latour Rogier
(1800–1885)
9 November 1857 3 January 1868 3707 Liberal Party 1857
1859
1861
1863
1864
1866
1867
Rogier II Lib.
FrèreOrban.jpg Hubert Joseph Walthère Frère-Orban
(1812–1896)
3 January 1868 2 July 1870 911 Liberal Party 1868 Frère-Orban I Lib. Leopold II
Leopold ii garter knight.jpg
(1865–1909)
Jules d'Anethan.jpg Jules Joseph, Baron d'Anethan
(1803–1888)
2 July 1870 7 December 1871 523 Catholic Party Jun.1870
Aug.1870
D'Anethan Cath.
Barthélemy de Theux (03).jpg Barthélemy Théodore, Comte de Theux de Meylandt
(1794–1874)
7 December 1871 21 August 1874
(died in office)
988 Catholic Party 1872
1874
Malou I Cath.
Jules Malou ars-moriendi.jpg Jules Édouard Xavier Malou
(1810–1886)
21 August 1874 19 June 1878 1398 Catholic Party 1876
FrèreOrban.jpg Hubert Joseph Walthère Frère-Orban
(1812–1891)
19 June 1878 16 June 1884 2189 Liberal Party 1878
1880
1882
Frère-Orban II Lib.
Jules Malou ars-moriendi.jpg Jules Édouard Xavier Malou
(1810–1886)
16 June 1884 26 October 1884 132 Catholic Party 1884 Malou II Cath.
Beernaert.gif Auguste Marie François Beernaert
(1829–1912)
26 October 1884 26 March 1894 3438 Catholic Party 1886
1888
1890
1892
Beernaert Cath.
Jules de burlet.jpg Jules Philippe Marie de Burlet
(1844–1897)
26 March 1894 25 February 1896 701 Catholic Party 1894 De Burlet Cath.
Paul de Smet de Naeyer.jpg Paul Joseph, Comte de Smet de Naeyer
(1843–1913)
25 February 1896 24 January 1899 1064 Catholic Party 1896
1898
De Smet de Naeyer I Cath.
Jules van den Peereboom.jpg Jules (Julius) Henri Pierre François Vandenpeereboom
(1843–1917)
24 January 1899 5 August 1899 193 Catholic Party Vandenpeereboom Cath.
Paul de Smet de Naeyer.jpg Paul Joseph, Comte de Smet de Naeyer
(1843–1913)
5 August 1899 2 May 1907 2826 Catholic Party 1900
1902
1904
1906
De Smet de Naeyer II Cath.
Jules de Trooz.jpg Jules Henri Ghislain Marie, Baron de Trooz
(1857–1907)
2 May 1907 31 December 1907
(died in office)
243 Catholic Party De Trooz Cath.
Frans Schollaert.jpg François (Frans) Victor Marie Ghislain Schollaert
(1851–1917)
9 January 1908 17 June 1911 1255 Catholic Party 1908
1910
Schollaert Cath.
DeBroqueville.jpg Charles Marie Pierre Albert, Comte de Broqueville
(1860–1940)
17 June 1911 18 January 1916 2541 Catholic Party 1912
1914
De Broqueville I
(in exile, 1914–1918)
Cath. Albert I
Albert I Koning der Belgen.jpg
(1909–1934)
18 January 1916 1 June 1918 Cath.Lib.BWP/POB
Brussels, Palais de la Nation, Gérard Cooreman.jpg Gérard (Gerard) François Marie Cooreman
(1852–1926)
1 June 1918 21 November 1918 173 Catholic Party Cooreman Cath.Lib.BWP/POB

Timeline from 1831 till 1919[edit]

Gérard CooremanCharles de BroquevilleFrans SchollaertJules de TroozPaul de Smet de NaeyerJules VandenpeereboomPaul de Smet de NaeyerJules de BurletAuguste BeernaertJules MalouWalthère Frère-OrbanJules MalouBarthélémy de Theux de MeylandtJules d'AnethanWalthère Frère-OrbanCharles RogierPierre de DeckerHenri de BrouckèreCharles RogierBarthélémy de Theux de MeylandtSylvain Van de WeyerJean-Baptiste NothombJoseph LebeauBarthélémy de Theux de MeylandtAlbert Joseph Goblet d'AlviellaFélix de MuelenaereJoseph LebeauÉtienne Constantin de Gerlache

Prime Ministers (1918–present)[edit]

Political parties
Christian Democrat

  Catholic Party
  Christian Social Party
  Christian Democratic and Flemish

Liberal

  Liberal Party
  Flemish Liberals and Democrats
  Reformist Movement

Socialist

  Socialist Party

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Political Party Election Cabinet Monarch of Belgium
(Reign)
Took Office Left Office Days Name Composition
DELACROIX LÉON.jpg Léon Frédéric Gustave Delacroix
(1867–1929)
21 November 1918 2 December 1919 730 Catholic Party Delacroix I Cath.Lib.BWP/POB Albert I
Albert I Koning der Belgen.jpg
(1909–1934)
2 December 1919 20 November 1920 1919 Delacroix II
Henri Carton de Wiart.jpg Henry Victor Marie Ghislain, Comte Carton de Wiart
(1869–1951)
20 November 1920 16 December 1921 391 Catholic Party Carton de Wiart Cath.Lib.BWP/POB
Georges Theunis 1921.jpg Georges (George) Emile Léonard Theunis
(1873–1966)
16 December 1921 13 May 1925 1244 Catholic Party 1921 Theunis I Cath.Lib.
Brussels, Palais de la Nation, Aloys Van de Vyvere.jpg Aloys (Alois) Jean Maria Joseph, Vicomte Van de Vyvere
(1871–1961)
13 May 1925 17 June 1925 35 Catholic Party 1925 Van de Vyvere Cath.
Prosper poullet.jpg Prosper Antoine Marie Joseph, Vicomte Poullet
(1868–1937)
17 June 1925 20 May 1926 337 Catholic Party Poullet—
Vandervelde
Cath.BWP/POB
Henri Jaspar 1921.jpg Henri Jaspar
(1870–1939)
20 May 1926 22 November 1927 1843 Catholic Party Jaspar I Cath.Lib.BWP/POB
22 November 1927 6 June 1931 1929 Jaspar II Cath.Lib.
Brussels, Palais de la Nation, Jules Renkin.jpg Jules Laurent Jean Louis Renkin
(1862–1934)
6 June 1931 22 October 1932 504 Catholic Party Renkin Cath.Lib.
M 37 4 Charles de Brocqueville.jpg Charles Marie Pierre Albert, Comte de Broqueville
(1860–1940)
22 October 1932 20 November 1934 759 Catholic Party 1932 De Broqueville II Cath.Lib.
Georges Theunis 1921.jpg Georges (George) Emile Léonard Theunis
(1873–1966)
20 November 1934 25 March 1935 125 Catholic Party Theunis II Cath.Lib. Leopold III
Leopold III van België (1934).jpg
(1934–1951)
Paul van Zeeland, 1937.jpg Paul Guillaume, Vicomte van Zeeland
(1893–1973)
25 March 1935 13 June 1936 975 Catholic Party Van Zeeland I Cath.Lib.BWP/POB
13 June 1936 24 November 1937 1936 Van Zeeland II
Paul-Émile (Paul Emil) Janson
(1873–1944)
24 November 1937 15 May 1938 172 Liberal Party Janson Cath.Lib.BWP/POB
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-39998-0427, Paul-Henri Spaak.jpg Paul-Henri Charles Spaak
(1899–1972)
15 May 1938 22 February 1939 283 Belgian Labour Party Spaak I Cath.Lib.BWP/POB
Pierlot sturges (cropped).jpg Hubert Marie Eugène Pierlot
(1883–1963)
22 February 1939 16 April 1939 2465 Catholic Party 1939 Pierlot I Cath.Lib.BSP/PSB
16 April 1939 3 September 1939 Pierlot II Cath.Lib.
3 September 1939 28 May 1940 Pierlot III Cath.Lib.BSP/PSB
28 May 1940 27 September 1944 Pierlot IV
(in exile)
27 September 1944 12 December 1944 Pierlot V Cath.Lib.BSP/PSBKPB-PCB
12 December 1944 12 February 1945 Pierlot VI Cath.Lib.BSP/PSB
Achiel Van Acker1.jpg Achille Honoré Van Acker
(1898–1975)
12 February 1945 2 August 1945 394 Belgian Socialist Party Van Acker I BSP/PSBCath.Lib.
2 August 1945 13 March 1946 Van Acker II BSP/PSBBDU/UDBLib.KPB-PCB
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-39998-0427, Paul-Henri Spaak.jpg Paul-Henri Charles Spaak
(1899–1972)
13 March 1946 31 March 1946 18 Belgian Socialist Party 1946 Spaak II BSP/PSBPSC/CVP
Achiel Van Acker1.jpg Achille Honoré Van Acker
(1898–1975)
31 March 1946 3 August 1946 125 Belgian Socialist Party Van Acker III BSP/PSBLP/PLKPB-PCB
Huysmans-Camille.jpg Jean Joseph Camille Huysmans
(1871–1968)
3 August 1946 20 March 1947 229 Belgian Socialist Party Huysmans BSP/PSBLP/PLKPB-PCB
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-39998-0427, Paul-Henri Spaak.jpg Paul-Henri Charles Spaak
(1899–1972)
20 March 1947 27 November 1948 875 Belgian Socialist Party Spaak III BSP/PSBPSC/CVP
27 November 1948 11 August 1949 Spaak IV
Gaston Eyskens (1969).jpg Gaston François Marie, Vicomte Eyskens
(1905–1988)
11 August 1949 8 June 1950 301 Christian Social Party 1949 G.Eyskens I PSC/CVPLP/PL
Great coat of arms of Belgium.svg Jean Pierre Duvieusart
(1900–1977)
8 June 1950 16 August 1950 69 Christian Social Party 1950 Duvieusart PSC/CVP
Brussels, Palais de la Nation, Joseph Pholien.jpg Joseph Clovis Louis Marie Emmanuel Pholien
(1884–1968)
16 August 1950 15 January 1952 517 Christian Social Party Pholien PSC/CVP
Brussels, Palais de la Nation, Jean Van Houtte.jpg Jean (Jan) Marie Joseph, Baron Van Houtte
(1907–1991)
15 January 1952 23 April 1954 829 Christian Social Party Van Houtte PSC/CVP Baudouin
Baudouin of Belgium 1969.jpg
(1951–1993)
Achiel Van Acker1.jpg Achille Honoré Van Acker
(1898–1975)
23 April 1954 26 June 1958 1525 Belgian Socialist Party 1954 Van Acker IV BSP/PSBLP/PL
Gaston Eyskens (1969).jpg Gaston François Marie, Vicomte Eyskens
(1905–1988)
26 June 1958 6 November 1958 1034 Christian Social Party 1958 G.Eyskens II PSC/CVP
6 November 1958 3 September 1960 G.Eyskens III PSC/CVPLP/PL
3 September 1960 25 April 1961 G.Eyskens IV
Théo Lefèvre 1964b.jpg Théodore Joseph Albéric Marie (Théo) Lefèvre
(1914–1973)
25 April 1961 28 July 1965 1555 Christian Social Party 1961 Lefèvre PSC/CVPBSP/PSB
Pierre Harmel 1965.jpg Pierre Charles José Marie, Comte Harmel
(1911–2009)
28 July 1965 19 March 1966 234 Christian Social Party 1965 Harmel PSC/CVPBSP/PSB
Paul Vanden Boeynants.jpg Paul Émile François Henri Vanden Boeynants
(1919–2001)
19 March 1966 17 July 1968 851 Christian Social Party Vanden Boeynants I PSC/CVPPVV/PLP
Gaston Eyskens (1969).jpg Gaston François Marie, Vicomte Eyskens
(1905–1988)
17 July 1968 20 January 1972 1654 Christian People's Party (CVP) 1968 G.Eyskens V CVP/PSCBSP/PSB
20 January 1972 26 January 1973 1971 G.Eyskens VI
Great coat of arms of Belgium.svg Edmond Jules Isidore Leburton
(1915–1997)
26 January 1973 23 October 1973 454 Belgian Socialist Party Leburton I BSP/PSBCVP/PSCPVV/PLP
23 October 1973 25 April 1974 Leburton II BSP/PSBCVP/PSC
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F050938-0028, Bonn, Tagung CDU-Bundesausschuss, Tindemans.jpg Leonard Clémence (Leo) Tindemans
(1922–2014)
25 April 1974 3 June 1977 1135 Christian People's Party (CVP) 1974 Tindemans I CVP/PSCPVV/PLP
3 June 1977 20 October 1978 1977 Tindemans II CVP/PSCSP/PSVU/FDF
Paul Vanden Boeynants.jpg Paul Émile François Henri Vanden Boeynants
(1919–2001)
20 October 1978 3 April 1979 165 Christian Social Party (PSC) Vanden Boeynants II CVP/PSCSP/PSVU/FDF
Wilfried Martens.jpg Wilfried Achiel Emma Martens
(1936–2013)
3 April 1979 23 January 1980 728 Christian People's Party (CVP) 1978 Martens I CVP/PSCSP/PSVU/FDF
23 January 1980 18 May 1980 Martens II CVP/PSCSP/PS
18 May 1980 22 October 1980 Martens III CVP/PSCSP/PSPVV/PRL
22 October 1980 31 March 1981 Martens IV CVP/PSCSP/PS
Markeyskens675.jpg Marc (Mark) Maria Frans, Vicomte Eyskens
(born 1933)
31 March 1981 17 December 1981 261 Christian People's Party (CVP) M.Eyskens CVP/PSCSP/PS
Wilfried Martens.jpg Wilfried Achiel Emma Martens
(1936–2013)
17 December 1981 28 November 1985 3733 Christian People's Party (CVP) 1981 Martens V CVP/PSC-PVV/PRL
28 November 1985 21 October 1987 1985 Martens VI
21 October 1987 9 May 1988 1987 Martens VII CVP/PSCPVV/PRL
9 May 1988 29 September 1991 Martens VIII CVP/PSCSP/PSVU/FDF
29 September 1991 7 March 1992 1991 Martens IX CVP/PSCSP/PS
Deheane cropped..jpg Jean Luc (Jean-Luc) Joseph Marie Dehaene
(1940–2014)
7 March 1992 21 May 1995 2683 Christian People's Party (CVP) Dehaene I CVP/PSCSP/PS Albert II
Albert II.jpg
(1993–2013)
21 May 1995 12 July 1999 1995 Dehaene II
Guy verhofstadt profiel.png Guy Maurice Marie Louise Verhofstadt
(born 1953)
12 July 1999 12 July 2003 3174 Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (VLD) 1999 Verhofstadt I VLD/PRLSP.A/PSAgalev/Ecolo
12 July 2003 21 December 2007 2003 Verhofstadt II VLD/MRSP.A/PS
21 December 2007 20 March 2008 2007 Verhofstadt III VLD/MRCD&V/CDHPS
Yves Leterme.jpg Yves Camille Désiré Leterme
(born 1960)
20 March 2008 30 December 2008 285 Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) Leterme I CD&V/CDHPSVLD/MR
Herman Van Rompuy 675.jpg Herman Achille, Comte Van Rompuy
(born 1947)
30 December 2008 25 November 2009 330 Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) Van Rompuy CD&V/CDHVLD/MRPS
Yves Leterme.jpg Yves Camille Désiré Leterme
(born 1960)
25 November 2009 6 December 2011 741 Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) Leterme II CD&V/CDHVLD/MRPS
Di Rupo cropped.jpg Elio Di Rupo
(born 1951)
6 December 2011 11 October 2014 1040 Socialist Party (PS) 2010 Di Rupo SP.A/PSCD&V/CDHVLD/MR
Vladimir Putin and Charles Michel (2018-01-31) 01 (cropped).jpg Charles Yves Jean Ghislaine Michel
(born 1975)
11 October 2014 21 December 2018 1706 Reformist Movement (MR) 2014 Michel I VLD/MRN-VACD&V Philippe
Koning Filip van België.jpg
(2013–present)
21 December 2018 Incumbent Michel II VLD/MRCD&V

Timeline since 1918[edit]

Charles MichelDi Rupo I GovernmentLeterme II GovernmentVan Rompuy I GovernmentLeterme I GovernmentGuy VerhofstadtJean-Luc DehaeneWilfried MartensMark EyskensWilfried MartensPaul Vanden BoeynantsLeo TindemansEdmond LeburtonGaston EyskensPaul Vanden BoeynantsPierre HarmelThéo LefèvreGaston EyskensAchille Van AckerJean Van HoutteJoseph PholienJean DuvieusartGaston EyskensPaul-Henri SpaakCamille HuysmansAchille Van AckerPaul-Henri SpaakAchille Van AckerHubert PierlotPaul-Henri SpaakPaul-Émile JansonPaul Van ZeelandGeorge TheunisCharles de BroquevilleJules RenkinHenri JasparProsper PoulletAloys Van de VyvereGeorges TheunisHenry Carton de WiartLéon Delacroix

Living former Prime Ministers[edit]

Name Term Date of birth Age
Marc (Mark) Maria Frans, Viscount Eyskens 1981 29 April 1933 86 years, 45 days
Guy Maurice Marie Louise Verhofstadt 1999–2008 11 April 1953 66 years, 63 days
Yves Camille Désiré Leterme 2008 & 2009–2011 6 October 1960 58 years, 250 days
Herman Achille, Comte Van Rompuy 2008–2009 31 October 1947 71 years, 225 days
Elio Di Rupo 2011–2014 18 July 1951 67 years, 330 days

See also[edit]