2019 European Parliament election in Belgium
All 21 Belgian seats to the European Parliament
The European Parliament election of 2019 in Belgium was held on 26 May 2019 in the three Belgian constituencies: the Dutch-speaking electoral college, the French-speaking electoral college and the German-speaking electoral college.
A royal order of 15 June 2018 fixed the date of the European Parliament election in Belgium, following an agreement at European level. Per the Belgian Constitution, the Belgian regional elections and, as no snap election occurred, the Belgian federal election are automatically held on the same day.
Marianne Thyssen, who was re-elected Member of the European Parliament in 2014 as lijsttrekker for CD&V and who subsequently became European Commissioner, announced in July 2018 she will quit politics in 2019.
As the reapportionment after Brexit did not impact the number of seats allocated to Belgium, 21 MEPs will be elected in Belgium, as in the 2014 election. One of them is by law allocated to the German-speaking electoral college and the remaining ones are allocated to the Dutch-speaking and to the French-speaking electoral college in accordance with a population formula, giving them respectively twelve and eight seats, as in 2014.
Voters can only vote on the lists depending on the language area they live in. This means that in the bilingual arrondissement of Brussels-Capital, voters can choose whether to vote for the Dutch-speaking or for the French-speaking electoral college. There is an exception to this rule for the six municipalities with language facilities in the Brussels Periphery, whose inhabitants can also opt to vote for French-speaking lists despite being in the Dutch language area.
Seats are allocated according to the D'Hondt method in each of the three electoral colleges; however, the German-speaking electoral college de facto uses a first-past-the-post system, since it elects only one MEP. The electoral threshold is 5%, although it is de facto higher.
All Belgian citizens aged 18 or over and residing in Belgium are obligated to participate in the election.
Other EU citizens residing in Belgium as well as Belgians living in another EU member state have the right to vote on Belgian lists in European Parliament elections. The law of 17 November 2016 extended this right to Belgians living in a non-EU member state, which was already possible for federal elections.
|Group||21||Flemish party||12||French-speaking party||8||German-speaking party||1|
|ALDE||6||Open Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten (Open Vld)||3||Mouvement Réformateur (MR)||3|
|ECR||4||Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie (N-VA)||4|
|S&D||4||Socialistische Partij Anders (sp.a)||1||Parti Socialiste (PS)||3|
|EPP Group||4||Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams (CD&V)||2||Centre Démocrate Humaniste (cdH)||1||Christlich Soziale Partei (CSP)||1|
The following candidates are the first on the respective party list (lijsttrekker / tête de liste).
|Groen||Petra De Sutter|
|Open Vld||Guy Verhofstadt|
|PVDA||Line De Witte|
|sp.a||Kathleen Van Brempt|
|Vlaams Belang||Gerolf Annemans|
|Dutch-speaking electoral college (12)|
|N-VA (3)||Geert Bourgeois, Assita Kanko, Johan Van Overtveldt|
|Vlaams Belang (3)||Gerolf Annemans, Patsy Vatlet, Filip De Man|
|Open Vld (2)||Guy Verhofstadt, Hilde Vautmans|
|CD&V (2)||Kris Peeters, Cindy Franssen|
|Groen (1)||Petra De Sutter|
|sp.a (1)||Kathleen Van Brempt|
|French-speaking electoral college (8)|
|PS (2)||Paul Magnette, Marie Arena|
|Ecolo (2)||Philippe Lamberts, Saskia Bricmont|
|MR (2)||Olivier Chastel, Frédérique Ries|
|PTB (1)||Marc Botenga|
|cdH (1)||Benoît Lutgen|
|German-speaking electoral college (1)|
|CSP (1)||Pascal Arimont|
- 15 juni 2018. - Koninklijk besluit tot vastlegging van de datum van de verkiezing van het Europese Parlement
- "Marianne Thyssen stapt volgend jaar uit de politiek: "Er is ook een leven ernaast"". 12 July 2018.
- 30 JULI 2018. - Koninklijk besluit tot vaststelling van het aantal zetels dat toegekend wordt aan het Nederlandse kiescollege en het Franse kiescollege voor de verkiezing van het Europees Parlement