2019 European Parliament election in Belgium

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European Parliament election in Belgium, 2019

← 2014 26 May 2019 2024 →

All 21 Belgian seats to the European Parliament
Turnout88.47%
  First party Second party Third party
  Geert Bourgeois.jpg Gerolf-annemans-1398165754.jpg Guy Verhofstadt EP press conference 3.jpg
Leader Geert Bourgeois Gerolf Annemans Guy Verhofstadt
Party N-VA VB Open Vld
Alliance ECR EAPN ALDE
Last election 4 seats, 16.79% 1 seat, 4.26% 3 seats, 12.84%
Seats won 3 3 2
Seat change Decrease 1 Increase 2 Decrease 1
Popular vote 954,048 811,169 678,051
Percentage 14.17% 12.05% 10.07%
Swing Decrease 2.62% Increase 7.79% Decrease 2.77%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Paul Magnette 2012.jpg Kris-peeters-1391318830.jpg Petra de Sutter at ILGA conference 2018 Political Town Hall 06 (cropped).jpg
Leader Paul Magnette Kris Peeters Petra De Sutter
Party PS CD&V Groen
Alliance PES EPP Green
Last election 3 seats, 10.68% 2 seats, 12.57% 1 seat, 6.69%
Seats won 2 2 1
Seat change Decrease 1 Steady 0 Steady 0
Popular vote 655,812 617,651 525,908
Percentage 9.74% 9.17% 7.81%
Swing Decrease 1.03% Decrease 3.39% Increase 1.13%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Philippe-Lamberts.jpg Olivier chastel.jpg Van Brempt, Kathleen-9389.jpg
Leader Philippe Lamberts Olivier Chastel Kathleen Van Brempt
Party ECOLO MR sp.a
Alliance Green ALDE PES
Last election 1 seat, 4.26% 3 seats, 9.88% 1 seat, 8.30%
Seats won 2 2 1
Seat change Increase 1 Decrease 1 Steady 0
Popular vote 492,330 475,338 434,002
Percentage 7.31% 7.06% 6.45%
Swing Increase 2.95% Decrease 2.92% Decrease 1.85%

Map of the European Parliament election (2019) (Belgium).svg

The European Parliament election of 2019 in Belgium was held on 26 May 2019 in the three Belgian constituencies: the Dutch-speaking electoral college, the French-speaking electoral college and the German-speaking electoral college.

A royal order of 15 June 2018 fixed the date of the European Parliament election in Belgium, following an agreement at European level.[1] Per the Belgian Constitution, the Belgian regional elections and, as no snap election occurred, the Belgian federal election are automatically held on the same day.

Marianne Thyssen, who was re-elected Member of the European Parliament in 2014 as lijsttrekker for CD&V and who subsequently became European Commissioner, announced in July 2018 she will quit politics in 2019.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

  Dutch-speaking electoral college (12 MEPs)
  French-speaking electoral college (8 MEPs)
  German-speaking electoral college (1 MEP)

As the reapportionment after Brexit did not impact the number of seats allocated to Belgium, 21 MEPs will be elected in Belgium, as in the 2014 election. One of them is by law allocated to the German-speaking electoral college and the remaining ones are allocated to the Dutch-speaking and to the French-speaking electoral college in accordance with a population formula, giving them respectively twelve and eight seats, as in 2014.[3]

Voters can only vote on the lists depending on the language area they live in. This means that in the bilingual arrondissement of Brussels-Capital, voters can choose whether to vote for the Dutch-speaking or for the French-speaking electoral college. There is an exception to this rule for the six municipalities with language facilities in the Brussels Periphery, whose inhabitants can also opt to vote for French-speaking lists despite being in the Dutch language area.

Seats are allocated according to the D'Hondt method in each of the three electoral colleges; however, the German-speaking electoral college de facto uses a first-past-the-post system, since it elects only one MEP. The electoral threshold is 5%, although it is de facto higher.

All Belgian citizens aged 18 or over and residing in Belgium are obligated to participate in the election.

Other EU citizens residing in Belgium as well as Belgians living in another EU member state have the right to vote on Belgian lists in European Parliament elections. The law of 17 November 2016 extended this right to Belgians living in a non-EU member state, which was already possible for federal elections.

Outgoing delegation[edit]

Belgian parties in the European Parliament in the eighth legislature (2014–2019)
Group 21 Flemish party 12 French-speaking party 8 German-speaking party 1
ALDE 6 Open Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten (Open Vld) 3 Mouvement Réformateur (MR) 3
ECR 4 Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie (N-VA) 4
S&D 4 Socialistische Partij Anders (sp.a) 1 Parti Socialiste (PS) 3
EPP Group 4 Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams (CD&V) 2 Centre Démocrate Humaniste (cdH) 1 Christlich Soziale Partei (CSP) 1
Greens-EFA 2 Groen 1 Ecolo 1
ENF 1 Vlaams Belang 1

Main candidates[edit]

The following candidates are the first on the respective party list (lijsttrekker / tête de liste).

Dutch-speaking electorate[edit]

Party Politician
CD&V Kris Peeters
Groen Petra De Sutter
N-VA Geert Bourgeois
Open Vld Guy Verhofstadt
PVDA Line De Witte
sp.a Kathleen Van Brempt
Vlaams Belang Gerolf Annemans

French-speaking electorate[edit]

Party Politician
cdH Benoît Lutgen
DéFI Benoît Cassart
Ecolo Philippe Lamberts
MR Olivier Chastel
PP Yasmine Dehaene
PS Paul Magnette
PTB Marc Botenga

German-speaking electorate[edit]

Party Politician
CSP Pascal Arimont
Ecolo Shqiprim Thaqi
PFF Yves Derwahl
ProDG Lydia Klinkenberg
PS Matthias Zimmermann
Vivant Alain Mertes

Results[edit]

Elected members[edit]

Party Elected members
Dutch-speaking electoral college (12)
N-VA (3) Geert Bourgeois, Assita Kanko, Johan Van Overtveldt
Vlaams Belang (3) Gerolf Annemans, Patsy Vatlet, Filip De Man
Open Vld (2) Guy Verhofstadt, Hilde Vautmans
CD&V (2) Kris Peeters, Cindy Franssen
Groen (1) Petra De Sutter
sp.a (1) Kathleen Van Brempt
French-speaking electoral college (8)
PS (2) Paul Magnette, Marie Arena
Ecolo (2) Philippe Lamberts, Saskia Bricmont
MR (2) Olivier Chastel, Frédérique Ries
PTB (1) Marc Botenga
cdH (1) Benoît Lutgen
German-speaking electoral college (1)
CSP (1) Pascal Arimont

Groups[edit]

From 2019 European Parliament election#Groups

Alliance Seats
EPP 4
ALDE 4
S&D 3
ENF 3
ECR 3
G-EFA 3
GUE/NGL 1
NI 0

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 15 juni 2018. - Koninklijk besluit tot vastlegging van de datum van de verkiezing van het Europese Parlement
  2. ^ "Marianne Thyssen stapt volgend jaar uit de politiek: "Er is ook een leven ernaast"". 12 July 2018.
  3. ^ 30 JULI 2018. - Koninklijk besluit tot vaststelling van het aantal zetels dat toegekend wordt aan het Nederlandse kiescollege en het Franse kiescollege voor de verkiezing van het Europees Parlement