List of countries by bismuth production

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Bismuth /ˈbɪzməθ/ is a chemical element that has the symbol Bi and atomic number 83. This heavy, brittle, white crystalline trivalent other metal has a pink tinge and chemically resembles arsenic and antimony.

Of all the metals, it is the most naturally diamagnetic, and only mercury has a lower thermal conductivity. It is also generally considered as the last naturally occurring non-radioactive element.

Bismuth compounds are used in cosmetics and in medical procedures. As the toxicity of lead has become more apparent in recent years, alloy uses for bismuth metal as a replacement for lead have become an increasing part of bismuth's commercial importance.

List of producing countries[edit]

This is a list of bismuth producing countries in 2017.[1]

Rank Country/Region Bismuth production
(tonnes)
  World 14,000
1 China China 11,000
2 Vietnam Vietnam 2,000
3 Mexico Mexico 540
4  Japan 430
5  Kazakhstan 140
6 Canada Canada 25
7 Russia Russia 4

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USGS Minerals Information: Mineral Commodity Summaries". minerals.usgs.gov. doi:10.3133/70194932. Retrieved 2019-02-21.