List of countries by uranium reserves

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World uranium reserves in 2010

Uranium reserves are reserves of recoverable uranium, regardless of isotope, based on a set market price. The list given here is based on Uranium 2020: Resources, Production and Demand, a joint report by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency.[1]

Figures are given in metric tonnes. The reserves figures denote identified resources as of 1 January 2015, consisting of reasonably assured resources (RAR) plus inferred resources recoverable at a cost range of below US$260/kg U. The list also includes cumulative historical production figures.

The amount of ultimately recoverable uranium depends strongly on what one would be willing to pay for it. Uranium is a widely distributed metal with large low-grade deposits that are not currently considered profitable. As of 2015, 646,900 tonnes of reserves are recoverable at US$40 per kilogram of uranium, while 7,641,600 tonnes of reserves are recoverable at $260 per kilogram.[2] Moreover, much of Canada, Greenland, Siberia and Antarctica are currently unexplored due to permafrost and may hold substantial undiscovered reserves.

Country Reserves as of 2019 (tonnes) Historical Production to 2014
 Algeria 19,500 0
 Argentina 39,800 2,582
 Australia 2,049,400 194,646
 Belgium 0 686
 Botswana 87,200 0
 Brazil 276,800 4,172
 Bulgaria 0 16,364
 Canada 873,000 483,957
 Central African Republic 32,000 0
 Chad 2,400 0
 Chile 1,400 0
 China 269,700 39,849[3][4]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,700 25,600[3]
 Czech Republic 119,200 111,765[3]
 Egypt 1,900 0
 Finland 1,200 30
 France 0 76,006
 Gabon 5,800 25,403
 Germany 7,000 219,686
 Greece 7,000 0
 Denmark ( Greenland) 114,000 0
 Hungary 13,500 21,067
 India 129,000 11,398[3][5]
 Indonesia 8,400 0
 Iran 7,500 0
 Italy 6,100 0
 Japan 6,600 84
 Jordan 52,500 0
 Kazakhstan 969,200 244,707
 Madagascar 0 785
 Malawi 14,300 4,217
 Mali 8,900 0
 Mauritania 24,500 0
 Mexico 5,000 49
 Mongolia 143,500 535
 Namibia 504,200 120,418
 Niger 439,400 132,017
 Pakistan 0 1,439[3]
 Paraguay 3,600
 Peru 33,400 0
 Poland 0 650
 Portugal 7,000 3,720
 Romania 6,600 18,899[3]
 Russia 661,900 158,844
 Senegal 1,100
 Slovakia 15,500 211
 Slovenia 9,200 382
 Somalia 7,600 0
 South Africa 447,700 159,510
 Spain 28,500 8,028
 Sweden 9,600 200
 Tanzania 58,200 0
 Turkey 13,600 0
 Ukraine 186,900 129,804
 United States 101,900 373,075
 Uzbekistan 132,300 127,591[3]
 Vietnam 3,900 0
 Zambia 31,000 86
 Zimbabwe 1,400 0
Total 8,070,400 2,818,415

Notes: Historical production for the Czech Republic includes 102,241 tonnes of uranium produced in former Czechoslovakia from 1946 through the end of 1992. Historical production for Germany includes 213,380 tonnes produced in the German Democratic Republic from 1946 through the end of 1992. Historical production for the Soviet Union includes the former Soviet Socialist Republics of Estonia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, but excludes Kazakhstan and Ukraine. Historical production for the Russian Federation and Uzbekistan is since 1992 only.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Uranium 2020: Resources, Production and Demand (PDF). Uranium. OECD Publishing. 2020. doi:10.1787/d82388ab-en. ISBN 978-92-64-26844-9. S2CID 241721777.
  2. ^ Uranium 2016: Resources, Production and Demand (PDF). Uranium. OECD Publishing. 2016. doi:10.1787/uranium-2016-en. ISBN 978-92-64-26844-9.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g estimate
  4. ^ "China's Nuclear Fuel Cycle - World Nuclear Association".
  5. ^ "India 2019".