List of sanatoria in the United States

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The following is a list of notable sanatoria (singular: sanatorium) in the United States. Sanatoria were medical facilities that specialized in treatment for long-term illnesses. Many sanatoria in the United States specialized in treatment of tuberculosis in the twentieth century prior to the discovery of antibiotics.


Est. Name Location Notes Ref.
1853 Batavia Institute Batavia, Illinois [1]
1866 Battle Creek Sanitarium Battle Creek, Michigan [2]
1881 Rockhaven Sanitarium Crescenta Valley, California [3]
1885 Adirondack Cottage Sanitarium Saranac Lake, New York [4]
1887 Sierra Madre Villa Pasadena, California [5]
1899 National Jewish Health Denver, Colorado [6]
1896 River Crest Sanitarium Astoria, New York [7]
1900 Bromley Sanitarium Sonora, California [8]
1902 Barlow Respiratory Hospital Los Angeles, California
1904 Temple Sanitarium Temple, Texas
1904 Las Encinas Sanitarium Pasadena, California [9]
1904 Paradise Valley Hospital California National City, California
1905 Swedish Medical Center Englewood, Colorado
1905 Portland Open-Air Sanatorium Milwaukie Heights, Oregon [10]
1905 Oregon State Tuberculosis Hospital Salem, Oregon [11]
1907 Boston Consumptives Hospital Boston, Massachusetts
1907 Missouri State Sanatorium Mount Vernon, Missouri [12]
1907 Maryland Tuberculosis Sanitorium Sabillasville, Maryland
1907 Edward Sanitorium Naperville, Illinois
1907 Minnesota State Sanatorium for Consumptives Walker, Minnesota
1907 Wisconsin State Tuberculosis Sanatorium Wales, Wisconsin [13]
1909 Arkansas Tuberculosis Sanatorium Booneville, Arkansas [6]
1909 Catawba Sanatorium Roanoke, Virginia [14]
1909 La Vina Sanitarium Altadena, California [15]
1909 San Haven Sanatorium Dunseith, North Dakota [16]
1910 Undercliff State Hospital Meriden, Connecticut
1910 Waverly Hills Sanatorium Jefferson County, Kentucky [17]
1910 Pine Camp Tuberculosis Hospital Richmond, Virginia [18]
1911 Firland Sanatorium Seattle, Washington [19]
1912 Blackburn Sanitarium Klamath Falls, Oregon [20]
1912 Pine Bluff State Hospital Salisbury, Maryland
1913 State Tuberculosis Sanitarium Galen, Montana [21]
1914 Saratoga County Homestead Providence, New York
1915 Chicago Municipal Tuberculosis Sanitarium Chicago, Illinois
1915 Enid Government Springs Sanatorium Enid, Oklahoma
1915 Muirdale Tuberculosis Sanatorium Milwaukee County, Wisconsin
1916 Glen Lake Sanatorium Hennepin County, Minnesota
1916 Cresson Tuberculosis Sanatorium Cresson, Pennsylvania
1917 Hot Lake Sanitorium Hot Lake, Oregon [22]
1917 Piedmont Sanatorium Burkeville, Virginia [23]
1919 Cranberry Specialty Hospital Hanson, Massachusetts
1920 Olive View Sanitarium Los Angeles, California [24]
1920 Pureair Sanatorium Bayfield County, Wisconsin
1922 Deborah Heart and Lung Center Browns Mills, New Jersey
1922? El Sausal Sanitarium Salinas, California [25]
1922 Henryton State Hospital Marriottsville, Maryland
1923 Halifax County Home and Tubercular Hospital Halifax, North Carolina
1926 National Methodist Sanatorium Colorado Springs, Colorado
1928 King County Tuberculosis Hospital Seattle, Washington [26]
1930 Lake View Sanatorium Madison, Wisconsin [27]
1933 Sioux San Hospital Rapid City, South Dakota
1934 Arizona State Tuberculosis Sanatorium Tempe, Arizona [28]
1934 Glenn Dale Hospital Glenn Dale, Maryland
1939 University Tuberculosis Hospital Portland, Oregon [11]
1940 Edgewood State Hospital Deer Park, New York

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Silva, Kara (May 7, 2013). "History Made: Bellevue Place adds quirkiness to Batavia's varied history". Kane County Chronicle. Retrieved May 12, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Markel, Howard (August 18, 2017). "How Dr. Kellogg's world-renowned health spa made him a wellness titan". PBS. Archived from the original on January 30, 2020.
  3. ^ "Rockhaven Sanitarium". Architectural Resources Group. City of Glendale, California: 4. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016.
  4. ^ John A. Bonafide; Mary Hotaling; Rachel D. Bliven (1992). "National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Documentation: Cure Industry Resources in the Village of Saranac Lake, Essex and Franklin Co., NY" (pdf). National Park Service. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ "The Sierra Madre Sanatorium". Los Angeles Herald. Los Angeles, California. November 15, 1887. p. 3.
  6. ^ a b Luce, Carolline (2013). "The Sanatorium Movement in America". The White Plague in the City of Angels. University of Southern California. Retrieved May 12, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ Walsh, Kevin (January 21, 2014). "Remains of a Former Astoria Asylum". Brownstoner. Archived from the original on January 30, 2020.
  8. ^ Tuolumne County, California: Being a Frank, Fair and Accurate Exposition, Pictorially and Otherwise, of the Resources and Possibilities of this Magnificent Section of California. Tuolumne County, California: J.A. Van Harlingen & Company. 1909. p. 102.
  9. ^ "Southern California Sanitarium Historic District" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. National Park Service. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 31, 2019.
  10. ^ "State News". The Capital Journal. Salem, Oregon. January 5, 1905. p. 5 – via
  11. ^ a b "Housing the Victims of the Great White Plague: The Oregon State Tuberculosis Hospital". Oregon Health & Science University. Retrieved May 12, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ "Missouri State Sanatorium - Asylum Projects".
  13. ^ "Wisconsin State Tuberculosis Sanatorium". Wales, Wisconsin.
  14. ^ Hemmingson, Grace (February 7, 2016). "Hemmingson and Ewing: Catawba Sanatorium's first decade". The Roanoke Times. Roanoke, Virginia. Archived from the original on January 30, 2020.
  15. ^ Pasadena Star-News Staff (May 4, 2009). "La Vina was prominent tuberculosis hospital". Pasadena Star-News. Pasadena, California. Archived from the original on February 11, 2020.
  16. ^ "San Haven State Hospital". State Historical Society of North Dakota. Archived from the original on January 30, 2020.
  17. ^ "Famed hospital now a white elephant", The Courier-Journal, August 13–14, 1986, p. 1.
  18. ^ Worsham, Gibson (May 2002). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Pine Camp Tuberculosis Hospital" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources. and Accompanying four photos
  19. ^ McCredie, Scott (March 21, 1999). "When Firland Was Operating At Peak Capacity, Tb Was A Major Killer Of American Adults. Patients Clung To The Hope That They Could Get Into A Sanitarium. But The Treatment Included ... Days Of Isolation". The Seattle Times. Seattle, Washington. Archived from the original on January 30, 2020.
  20. ^ Bonner, Jackie (July 9, 2016). "Looking back: This week in Klamath Basin history". Herland and News. Klamath Falls, Oregon. Archived from the original on January 30, 2020.
  21. ^ Boswell, Evelyn (November 14, 2002). "Fear led to Montana's sanitarium for TB patients". Montana State University. Archived from the original on January 30, 2020.
  22. ^ Clarke Woodward Drug Co. v. Hot Lake Sanatorium Co., 88 Ore. 284, 169 P. 796 (1918). West Publishing Company - via Google Books
  23. ^ Sucre, Richard. "The Great White Plague: The Culture of Death and the Tuberculosis Sanatorium". University of Virginia. Retrieved May 13, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  24. ^ "Olive View Sanitarium Burns". SCV History. Archived from the original on February 23, 2017.
  25. ^ S. Glaer and J. Johnston. "INDEX OF HOSPITALS AND SANATORIA WITH TUBERCULOSIS BEDS IN THE UNITED STATES AND TERRITORIES AS OF APRIL I, 1954". Public Health Service Publication No. 412. Retrieved 10 May 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  26. ^ "Tuberculosis". King County. Archived from the original on January 30, 2020.
  27. ^ Canaday, Tricia (May 4, 1992). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Lake View Sanatorium". National Archives Catalog. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved November 21, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  28. ^ Rodriguez, Nadine Arroyo (September 4, 2015). "Did You Know: Tempe Was Home To Arizona State Tuberculosis Sanatorium". KJZZ. Phoenix, Arizona. Archived from the original on January 30, 2020.