List of volcanoes in Antarctica

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This is a list of volcanoes in Antarctica.

Table[edit]

A 2017 study claimed to have found 138 volcanoes, of which 91 were previously unknown. Some volcanoes are entirely under the ice sheet.[1][2] Unconfirmed volcanoes are not included in the table below.

Name Elevation Location Last known eruption
meters feet Coordinates
Mount Abbott[3] 1,020[4] 3,346[4] 74°42′S 163°50′E / 74.700°S 163.833°E / -74.700; 163.833 (Adare Peninsula)[4]
Adare Peninsula[5] 2,083[5] 6,832[5] 71°40′S 170°30′E / 71.667°S 170.500°E / -71.667; 170.500 (Adare Peninsula)[6] Pleistocene[5]
Mount Andrus[7] 2,978[7] 9,768[7] 75°48′S 132°14′W / 75.800°S 132.233°W / -75.800; -132.233 (Mount Andrus)[8] Unknown[7]
Argo Point[9] 360[9] 1,181[9] 66°15′S 60°55′W / 66.250°S 60.917°W / -66.250; -60.917 (Argo Point)[10] 0.9 Ma[9]
Beaufort Island[11] 740[11] 2,427[11] 76°56′S 166°56′E / 76.933°S 166.933°E / -76.933; 166.933 (Beaufort Island)[12] Unknown[11]
Mount Berlin[13] 3,478[13] 11,408[13] 76°03′S 135°52′W / 76.050°S 135.867°W / -76.050; -135.867 (Mount Berlin)[14] 8350 BCE ± 5300 years[13]
Mount Bird 1,765[15] 5,791[15] 77°16′S 166°44′E / 77.267°S 166.733°E / -77.267; 166.733 (Mount bird)[15] 3.8-4.6 million years ago
Black Island[16] 1,041[16] 3,414[16] 78°12′S 166°25′E / 78.200°S 166.417°E / -78.200; 166.417 (Black Island)[17] 1.69 Ma[16]
Bridgeman Island[18] 240[18] 787[18] 62°04′S 56°44′W / 62.067°S 56.733°W / -62.067; -56.733 (Bridgeman Island)[19] Unknown[18]
Brown Bluff[20] 745[20] 2,444[20] 63°32′S 56°55′E / 63.533°S 56.917°E / -63.533; 56.917 (Brown Peak)[20]
Brown Peak[21] 1,167[21] 3,828[21] 67°25′S 164°35′E / 67.417°S 164.583°E / -67.417; 164.583 (Brown Peak)[22] Unknown[21]
Mount Bursey[23] 2,787[23] 9,141[23] 76°01′S 132°38′W / 76.017°S 132.633°W / -76.017; -132.633 (Mount Bursey)[24] 0.49 Ma[23]
Coulman Island[25] 1,998[25] 6,553[25] 73°28′S 169°45′E / 73.467°S 169.750°E / -73.467; 169.750 (Coulman Island)[26] -
Daniell Peninsula[25] 2,026[25] 6,647[25] 72°50′S 169°35′E / 72.833°S 169.583°E / -72.833; 169.583 (Daniell Peninsula)[27] -
Deception Island[28] 602[28] 1,975[28] 62°57′S 60°38′W / 62.950°S 60.633°W / -62.950; -60.633 (Deception Island)[29] 1970[28]
Mount Discovery[30] 2,578[30] 8,456[30] 78°22′S 165°01′E / 78.367°S 165.017°E / -78.367; 165.017 (Mount Discovery)[31] 1.87 Ma[30]
Mount Erebus[32] 3,794[32] 12,444[32] 77°31′S 167°09′E / 77.517°S 167.150°E / -77.517; 167.150 (Mount Erebus)[33] 2018[32]
Mount Frakes[34] 3,654[34] 11,985[34] 76°48′S 117°42′W / 76.800°S 117.700°W / -76.800; -117.700 (Mount Frakes)[35] 1.7 Ma[34]
Franklin Island[36] 247[36] 810[36] 76°05′S 168°19′E / 76.083°S 168.317°E / -76.083; 168.317 (Franklin Island)[37] Pleistocene[36]
Gaussberg[38] 370[38] 1,214[38] 66°48′S 89°11′E / 66.800°S 89.183°E / -66.800; 89.183 (Gaussberg)[39] Pleistocene[38]
Mount Haddington[40] 1,630[40] 5,346[40] 64°13′S 57°38′W / 64.217°S 57.633°W / -64.217; -57.633 (Mount Haddington)[41] Unknown[40]
Hallett Peninsula[25] 1,770[25] 5,810[25] 72°30′S 170°10′E / 72.500°S 170.167°E / -72.500; 170.167 (Hallett Peninsula)[42]
Mount Hampton 3,325[43] 10,909[43] 76°29′S 125°48′W / 76.483°S 125.800°W / -76.483; -125.800 (Mount Hampton)[43] -
Hudson Mountains[44] 749[44] 2,457[44] 74°25′S 99°30′W / 74.417°S 99.500°W / -74.417; -99.500 (Hudson Mountains)[45] 210 BCE ± 200 years[44]
Lars Christensen Peak[46] 1,640[46] 5,379[46] 68°46′S 90°31′W / 68.767°S 90.517°W / -68.767; -90.517 (Peter I Island)[47] Unknown[46]
Mount Melbourne[48] 2,732[48] 8,961[48] 74°21′S 164°42′E / 74.350°S 164.700°E / -74.350; 164.700 (Mount Melbourne)[49] 1892 ± 30 years[48]
Melville Peak[50] 549[50] 1,801[50] 62°01′S 57°41′W / 62.017°S 57.683°W / -62.017; -57.683 (Melville Peak)[51] Unknown[50]
Mount Morning[52] 2,723[52] 8,931[52] 78°31′S 163°35′E / 78.517°S 163.583°E / -78.517; 163.583 (Mount Morning)[53] Unknown[52]
Mount Moulton 3,070[54] 10,072[54] 76°03′S 135°08′W / 76.050°S 135.133°W / -76.050; -135.133 (Mount Moulton)[54] -
Mount Murphy[55] 2,703[55] 8,866[55] 75°20′S 110°44′W / 75.333°S 110.733°W / -75.333; -110.733 (Mount Murphy)[56] 0.9 Ma[55]
Mount Overlord 3,395[57] 11,138[57] 73°10′S 164°36′E / 73.167°S 164.600°E / -73.167; 164.600 (Mount Overlord)[57] -
Paulet Island[58] 353[58] 1,158[58] 63°35′S 55°47′W / 63.583°S 55.783°W / -63.583; -55.783 (Paulet Island)[59] Unknown[58]
Penguin Island[60] 180[60] 590[60] 62°06′S 57°54′W / 62.100°S 57.900°W / -62.100; -57.900 (Penguin Island)[61] 1905 (?)[60]
The Pleiades[62] 3,040[62] 9,971[62] 72°42′S 165°32′E / 72.700°S 165.533°E / -72.700; 165.533 (The Pleiades)[63] 1050 BC ± 1000 years[62]
Red Island[64] 495[64] 1,624[64] 63°44′S 57°52′E / 63.733°S 57.867°E / -63.733; 57.867 (Red Island)[64]
Mount Rittmann[65] 2,600[65] 8,530[65] 1252 ± 2 years[66]
Rosamel Island[67] 2,600[67] 8,530[67] 78°10′S 162°40′E / 78.167°S 162.667°E / -78.167; 162.667 (Rosamel Island)[67]
Royal Society Range[68] 3,000[68] 9,840[68] 78°10′S 162°40′E / 78.167°S 162.667°E / -78.167; 162.667 (Royal Society Volcano)[69] Unknown[68]
Seal Nunataks[70] 368[70] 1,207[70] 65°03′S 60°18′W / 65.050°S 60.300°W / -65.050; -60.300 (Seal Nunataks)[71] Unknown[70]
Mount Sidley 4,285[72] 14,058[72] 77°02′S 126°06′W / 77.033°S 126.100°W / -77.033; -126.100 (Mount Sidley)[72] -
Mount Siple[73] 3,110[73] 10,201[73] 73°15′S 126°06′W / 73.250°S 126.100°W / -73.250; -126.100 (Mount Siple)[74] Unknown[73]
Mount Steere[34] 3,500[75] 11,482[75] 76°44′S 117°49′W / 76.733°S 117.817°W / -76.733; -117.817 (Mount Steere)[75] -
Mount Takahe[76] 3,460[76] 11,349[76] 76°17′S 112°05′W / 76.283°S 112.083°W / -76.283; -112.083 (Mount Takahe)[77] 5550 BCE (?)[76]
Mount Terra Nova[78] 2,130[79] 6,988[79] 77°31′S 167°57′W / 77.517°S 167.950°W / -77.517; -167.950 (Mount Terra Nova)[79] 0.8 Ma[78]
Mount Terror[78] 3,262[78] 10,699[78] 77°31′S 168°32′E / 77.517°S 168.533°E / -77.517; 168.533 (Mount Terror)[80] 0.82 Ma[78]
Toney Mountain[81] 3,595[81] 11,792[81] 75°48′S 115°48′W / 75.800°S 115.800°W / -75.800; -115.800 (Toney Mountain)[82] Unknown[81]
Mount Vernon Harcourt 1,570[83] 5,151[83] 72°32′S 169°55′E / 72.533°S 169.917°E / -72.533; 169.917 (Mount Harcourt)[83] -
Mount Waesche[84] 3,292[84] 10,801[84] 77°10′S 126°54′W / 77.167°S 126.900°W / -77.167; -126.900 (Mount Waesche)[85] Unknown[84]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ van Wyk de Vries, Maximillian; Bingham, Robert G.; Hein, Andrew S. "A new volcanic province: an inventory of subglacial volcanoes in West Antarctica". Geological Society, London, Special Publications. doi:10.1144/sp461.7.
  2. ^ McKie, Robin (2017-08-12). "Scientists discover 91 volcanoes below Antarctic ice sheet". The Observer. ISSN 0029-7712. Retrieved 2017-09-20.
  3. ^ "K/Ar and Rb/Sr dating of McMurdo Volcanic Group (north of Campbell Glacier)" (PDF). Geological Society of America. p. 2.
  4. ^ a b c "Mount Abbott". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2020-03-21.
  5. ^ a b c d "Adare Peninsula". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  6. ^ "Adare Peninsula". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  7. ^ a b c d "Andrus". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  8. ^ "Mount Andrus". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  9. ^ a b c d "Argo Point". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  10. ^ "Argo Point". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  11. ^ a b c d "Beaufort Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  12. ^ "Beaufort Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  13. ^ a b c d "Berlin". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  14. ^ "Mount Berlin". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  15. ^ a b c "Mount Bird". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  16. ^ a b c d "Black Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  17. ^ "Black Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  18. ^ a b c d "Bridgeman Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  19. ^ "Bridgeman Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  20. ^ a b c d "Brown Bluff". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2021-01-29.
  21. ^ a b c d "Sturge Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  22. ^ "Brown Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  23. ^ a b c d "Bursey". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  24. ^ "Mount Bursey". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i Smellie, J. L.; Rocchi, S.; Armienti, P. (2011). "Late Miocene volcanic sequences in northern Victoria Land, Antarctica: products of glaciovolcanic eruptions under different thermal regimes". Bulletin of Volcanology. Springer: 4. ISSN 0258-8900.
  26. ^ "Coulman Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  27. ^ "Daniell Peninsula". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2020-03-21.
  28. ^ a b c d "Deception Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  29. ^ "Deception Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  30. ^ a b c d "Discovery". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  31. ^ "Mount Discovery". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  32. ^ a b c d "Erebus". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  33. ^ "Mount Erebus". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  34. ^ a b c d e "Crary Group". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  35. ^ "Mount Frakes". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  36. ^ a b c d "Franklin Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  37. ^ "Franklin Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  38. ^ a b c d "Gaussberg". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  39. ^ "Gaussberg". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  40. ^ a b c d "James Ross Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  41. ^ "Mount Haddington". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  42. ^ "Hallett Peninsula". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2020-03-21.
  43. ^ a b c "Mount Hampton". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  44. ^ a b c d "Hudson Mountains". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  45. ^ "Hudson Mountains". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  46. ^ a b c d "Peter I Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  47. ^ "Lars Christensen Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  48. ^ a b c d "Melbourne". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  49. ^ "Mount Melbourne". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  50. ^ a b c d "Melville". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  51. ^ "Melville Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  52. ^ a b c d "Morning". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  53. ^ "Mount Morning". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  54. ^ a b c "Mount Moulton". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  55. ^ a b c d "Murphy". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  56. ^ "Mount Murphy". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  57. ^ a b c "Mount Overlord". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  58. ^ a b c d "Paulet". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  59. ^ "Paulet Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  60. ^ a b c d "Penguin Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  61. ^ "Penguin Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  62. ^ a b c d "The Pleiades". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  63. ^ "The Pleiades". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  64. ^ a b c d "Red Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2021-01-29.
  65. ^ a b c "Rittmann". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2020-03-21.
  66. ^ Lee, Mi Jung; Kyle, Philip R.; Iverson, Nels A.; Lee, Jong Ik; Han, Yeongcheol (1 September 2019). "Rittmann volcano, Antarctica as the source of a widespread 1252 ± 2 CE tephra layer in Antarctica ice". Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 521: 169. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2019.06.002. ISSN 0012-821X.
  67. ^ a b c d "Rosamel Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2021-01-29.
  68. ^ a b c d "Royal Society Range". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  69. ^ "Royal Society Range". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  70. ^ a b c d "Seal Nunataks Group". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  71. ^ "Seal Nunataks". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  72. ^ a b c "Mount Sidley". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  73. ^ a b c d "Siple". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  74. ^ "Mount Siple". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  75. ^ a b c "Mount Steere". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  76. ^ a b c d "Takahe". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  77. ^ "Mount Takahe". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  78. ^ a b c d e f "Terror". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  79. ^ a b c "Mount Terra Nova". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  80. ^ "Mount Terror". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  81. ^ a b c d "Toney Mountain". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  82. ^ "Toney Mountain". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  83. ^ a b c "Mount Vernon Harcourt". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  84. ^ a b c d "Waesche". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2020-05-27.
  85. ^ "Mount Waesche". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2020-05-27.

Bibliography[edit]