List of volcanoes in Antarctica

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This is a list of volcanoes in Antarctica.

Table[edit]

A 2017 study claimed to have found 138 volcanoes, of which 91 were previously unknown.[1][2] The unconfirmed volcanoes are not included in the table below.

Name Elevation Location Last known eruption
meters feet Coordinates
Adare Peninsula[3] 2,083[3] 6,832[3] 71°40′S 170°30′E / 71.667°S 170.500°E / -71.667; 170.500 (Adare Peninsula)[4] Pleistocene[3]
Mount Andrus[5] 2,978[5] 9,768[5] 75°48′S 132°14′W / 75.800°S 132.233°W / -75.800; -132.233 (Mount Andrus)[6] Unknown[5]
Argo Point[7] 360[7] 1,181[7] 66°15′S 60°55′W / 66.250°S 60.917°W / -66.250; -60.917 (Argo Point)[8] 0.9 Ma[7]
Beaufort Island[9] 740[9] 2,427[9] 76°56′S 166°56′E / 76.933°S 166.933°E / -76.933; 166.933 (Beaufort Island)[10] Unknown[9]
Mount Berlin[11] 3,478[11] 11,408[11] 76°03′S 135°52′W / 76.050°S 135.867°W / -76.050; -135.867 (Mount Berlin)[12] 8350 BCE ± 5300 years[11]
Mount Bird 1,765[13] 5,791[13] 77°16′S 166°44′E / 77.267°S 166.733°E / -77.267; 166.733 (Mount bird)[13] 3.8-4.6 million years ago
Black Island[14] 1,041[14] 3,414[14] 78°12′S 166°25′E / 78.200°S 166.417°E / -78.200; 166.417 (Black Island)[15] 1.69 Ma[14]
Bridgeman Island[16] 240[16] 787[16] 62°04′S 56°44′W / 62.067°S 56.733°W / -62.067; -56.733 (Bridgeman Island)[17] Unknown[16]
Brown Peak[18] 1,167[18] 3,828[18] 67°25′S 164°35′E / 67.417°S 164.583°E / -67.417; 164.583 (Brown Peak)[19] Unknown[18]
Mount Bursey[20] 2,787[20] 9,141[20] 76°01′S 132°38′W / 76.017°S 132.633°W / -76.017; -132.633 (Mount Bursey)[21] 0.49 Ma[20]
Coulman Island 1,998 6,553 73°28′S 169°45′E / 73.467°S 169.750°E / -73.467; 169.750 (Coulman Island)[22] -
Deception Island[23] 602[23] 1,975[23] 62°57′S 60°38′W / 62.950°S 60.633°W / -62.950; -60.633 (Deception Island)[24] 1970[23]
Mount Discovery[25] 2,578[25] 8,456[25] 78°22′S 165°01′E / 78.367°S 165.017°E / -78.367; 165.017 (Mount Discovery)[26] 1.87 Ma[25]
Mount Erebus[27] 3,794[27] 12,444[27] 77°31′S 167°09′E / 77.517°S 167.150°E / -77.517; 167.150 (Mount Erebus)[28] 2018[27]
Mount Frakes[29] 3,654[29] 11,985[29] 76°48′S 117°42′W / 76.800°S 117.700°W / -76.800; -117.700 (Mount Frakes)[30] 1.7 Ma[29]
Franklin Island[31] 247[31] 810[31] 76°05′S 168°19′E / 76.083°S 168.317°E / -76.083; 168.317 (Franklin Island)[32] Pleistocene[31]
Gaussberg[33] 370[33] 1,214[33] 66°48′S 89°11′E / 66.800°S 89.183°E / -66.800; 89.183 (Gaussberg)[34] Pleistocene[33]
Mount Haddington[35] 1,630[35] 5,346[35] 64°13′S 57°38′W / 64.217°S 57.633°W / -64.217; -57.633 (Mount Haddington)[36] Unknown[35]
Mount Hampton 3,325[37] 10,909[37] 76°29′S 125°48′W / 76.483°S 125.800°W / -76.483; -125.800 (Mount Hampton)[37] -
Mount Harcourt 1,570[38] 5,151[38] 72°32′S 169°55′E / 72.533°S 169.917°E / -72.533; 169.917 (Mount Harcourt)[38] -
Hudson Mountains[39] 749[39] 2,457[39] 74°25′S 99°30′W / 74.417°S 99.500°W / -74.417; -99.500 (Hudson Mountains)[40] 210 BCE ± 200 years[39]
Mount Melbourne[41] 2,732[41] 8,961[41] 74°21′S 164°42′E / 74.350°S 164.700°E / -74.350; 164.700 (Mount Melbourne)[42] 1892 ± 30 years[41]
Melville Peak[43] 549[43] 1,801[43] 62°01′S 57°41′E / 62.017°S 57.683°E / -62.017; 57.683 (Melville Peak)[44] Unknown[43]
Mount Morning[45] 2,723[45] 8,931[45] 78°31′S 163°35′E / 78.517°S 163.583°E / -78.517; 163.583 (Mount Morning)[46] Unknown[45]
Mount Moulton 3,070[47] 10,072[47] 76°03′S 135°08′W / 76.050°S 135.133°W / -76.050; -135.133 (Mount Moulton)[47] -
Mount Murphy[48] 2,703[48] 8,866[48] 75°20′S 110°44′W / 75.333°S 110.733°W / -75.333; -110.733 (Mount Murphy)[49] 0.9 Ma[48]
Mount Overlord 3,395[50] 11,138[50] 73°10′S 164°36′E / 73.167°S 164.600°E / -73.167; 164.600 (Mount Overlord)[50] -
Paulet Island[51] 353[51] 1,158[51] 63°35′S 55°47′W / 63.583°S 55.783°W / -63.583; -55.783 (Paulet Island)[52] Unknown[51]
Penguin Island[53] 180[53] 590[53] 62°06′S 57°54′W / 62.100°S 57.900°W / -62.100; -57.900 (Penguin Island)[54] 1905 (?)[53]
Lars Christensen Peak[55] 1,640[55] 5,379[55] 68°46′S 90°31′W / 68.767°S 90.517°W / -68.767; -90.517 (Peter I Island)[56] Unknown[55]
The Pleiades[57] 3,040[57] 9,971[57] 72°42′S 165°32′E / 72.700°S 165.533°E / -72.700; 165.533 (The Pleiades)[58] 1050 BC ± 14000 years[57]
Royal Society Range[59] 3,000[59] 9,840[59] 78°10′S 162°40′E / 78.167°S 162.667°E / -78.167; 162.667 (Royal Society Volcano)[60] Unknown[59]
Seal Nunataks[61] 368[61] 1,207[61] 65°03′S 60°18′W / 65.050°S 60.300°W / -65.050; -60.300 (Seal Nunataks)[62] Unknown[61]
Mount Sidley 4,285[63] 14,058[63] 77°02′S 126°06′W / 77.033°S 126.100°W / -77.033; -126.100 (Mount Sidley)[63] -
Mount Siple[64] 3,110[64] 10,201[64] 73°15′S 126°06′W / 73.250°S 126.100°W / -73.250; -126.100 (Mount Siple)[65] Unknown[64]
Mount Steere[29] 3,500[66] 11,482[66] 76°44′S 117°49′W / 76.733°S 117.817°W / -76.733; -117.817 (Mount Steere)[66] -
Mount Takahe[67] 3,460[67] 11,349[67] 76°17′S 112°05′W / 76.283°S 112.083°W / -76.283; -112.083 (Mount Takahe)[68] 5550 BCE (?)[67]
Mount Terra Nova[69] 2,130[70] 6,988[70] 77°31′S 167°57′W / 77.517°S 167.950°W / -77.517; -167.950 (Mount Terra Nova)[70] 0.8 Ma[69]
Mount Terror[69] 3,262[69] 10,699[69] 77°31′S 168°32′E / 77.517°S 168.533°E / -77.517; 168.533 (Mount Terror)[71] 0.82 Ma[69]
Toney Mountain[72] 3,595[72] 11,792[72] 75°48′S 115°48′W / 75.800°S 115.800°W / -75.800; -115.800 (Toney Mountain)[73] Unknown[72]
Mount Waesche[74] 3,292[74] 10,798[74] 77°10′S 126°54′W / 77.167°S 126.900°W / -77.167; -126.900 (Mount Waesche)[75] Unknown[74]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ van Wyk de Vries, Maximillian; Bingham, Robert G.; Hein, Andrew S. "A new volcanic province: an inventory of subglacial volcanoes in West Antarctica". Geological Society, London, Special Publications. doi:10.1144/sp461.7. 
  2. ^ McKie, Robin (2017-08-12). "Scientists discover 91 volcanoes below Antarctic ice sheet". The Observer. ISSN 0029-7712. Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Adare Peninsula". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  4. ^ "Adare Peninsula". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Andrus". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  6. ^ "Mount Andrus". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Argo Point". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  8. ^ "Argo Point". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Beaufort Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  10. ^ "Beaufort Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Berlin". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  12. ^ "Mount Berlin". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  13. ^ a b c "Mount Bird". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Black Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  15. ^ "Black Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  16. ^ a b c d "Bridgeman Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  17. ^ "Bridgeman Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  18. ^ a b c d "Sturge Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  19. ^ "Brown Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  20. ^ a b c d "Bursey". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  21. ^ "Mount Bursey". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  22. ^ "Coulman Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  23. ^ a b c d "Deception Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  24. ^ "Deception Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  25. ^ a b c d "Discovery". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  26. ^ "Mount Discovery". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  27. ^ a b c d "Erebus". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  28. ^ "Mount Erebus". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  29. ^ a b c d e "Crary Group". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  30. ^ "Mount Frakes". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  31. ^ a b c d "Franklin Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  32. ^ "Franklin Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  33. ^ a b c d "Gaussberg". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  34. ^ "Gaussberg". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  35. ^ a b c d "James Ross Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  36. ^ "Mount Haddington". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  37. ^ a b c "Mount Hampton". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  38. ^ a b c "Mount Vernon Harcourt". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  39. ^ a b c d "Hudson Mountains". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  40. ^ "Hudson Mountains". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  41. ^ a b c d "Melbourne". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  42. ^ "Mount Melbourne". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  43. ^ a b c d "Melville". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  44. ^ "Melville Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  45. ^ a b c d "Morning". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  46. ^ "Mount Morning". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  47. ^ a b c "Mount Moulton". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  48. ^ a b c d "Murphy". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  49. ^ "Mount Murphy". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  50. ^ a b c "Mount Overlord". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  51. ^ a b c d "Paulet". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  52. ^ "Paulet Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  53. ^ a b c d "Penguin Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  54. ^ "Penguin Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  55. ^ a b c d "Peter I Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  56. ^ "Lars Christensen Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  57. ^ a b c d "The Pleiades". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  58. ^ "The Pleiades". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  59. ^ a b c d "Royal Society Range". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  60. ^ "Royal Society Range". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  61. ^ a b c d "Seal Nunataks Group". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  62. ^ "Seal Nunataks". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  63. ^ a b c "Mount Sidley". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  64. ^ a b c d "Siple". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  65. ^ "Mount Siple". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  66. ^ a b c "Mount Steere". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  67. ^ a b c d "Takahe". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  68. ^ "Mount Takahe". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  69. ^ a b c d e f "Terror". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  70. ^ a b c "Mount Terra Nova". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  71. ^ "Mount Terror". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  72. ^ a b c d "Toney Mountain". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  73. ^ "Toney Mountain". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  74. ^ a b c d "Waesche". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 
  75. ^ "Mount Waesche". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2018-01-21. 

Bibliography[edit]