Liverpool to Wigan Line
|Liverpool to Wigan Line|
North West England
|Termini||Liverpool Lime Street
Wigan North Western
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||25 kV 50 Hz AC OHLE|
|Liverpool to Wigan Line|
The route from Liverpool, running east follows part of the Northern section of the Liverpool to Manchester line up to Huyton Junction; where it branches north-eastwards, routing via Prescot and St Helens Central, then to Ince Moss Junction. Here, the line joins the West Coast Main Line near Springs Branch and runs on to Wigan North Western.
The route sees service from three passenger trains per hour (tph) in both directions between Liverpool and Wigan. Following the 17 May 2015 timetable changeover, it is now usually operated by Northern Rail 4-Car Class 319 electric units. The 3 tph frequency includes two local stopping services and one longer distance express.
The longer distance service usually continues on to Blackpool North and operates a limited stop service of Huyton, St Helens Central and Wigan in the Liverpool to Wigan leg of its journey. As the Preston to Blackpool section of that route is not yet electrified, the Liverpool to Blackpool North service continues to be operated by Class 142, Class 150, or Class 156 Diesel Multiple Units.
The section of line from St Helens to Wigan was opened on 1 December 1869 by the Lancashire Union Railway, and the line from Huyton to St Helens was opened on 1 November 1871 by the London and North Western Railway.
In latter years, the section from St.Helens towards Rainford (originally part of the St. Helens & Runcorn Gap Railway) via Gerards Bridge Junction, terminated at the NSG Pilkington Cowley Hill works as its fuel oil storage depot - such traffic being only for that purpose. However in Spring 2014, the company decided to re-configure redundant areas of the works site as an Industrial Park, offering rail access. There is a similar oil depot spur to the south of St. Helens Central station serving the NSG Pilkington Watson Street site with fuel. However, in recent years, usage of these facilities has become redundant, due to availability of alternative power sources, such as the on-site gas-fired Scottish Power generating station serving their Watson Street and Greengate plants.
The line south from St. Helens Central (formerly St. Helens Shaw Street) to St. Helens Junction on the northern Liverpool to Manchester line has also been discontinued. The trackbed is intact as far as the former Hays Chemical works at Sutton Oak and Network Rail regard the St.Helens Central - to St.Helens Junction line as protected. There has been a number of proposed projects by local authorities and other political bodies in the North-West reinstate the St. Helens Central to St. Helens Junction line. The line would have three purposes: to service local passenger stations along the line, give a more direct route into St.Helens from Manchester and provide a diversionary route in case of disruptions on either the Liverpool-Wigan or Liverpool-Manchester lines. In addition a new station was proposed with a park-and-ride service at Carr Mill, between St. Helens Central and Garswood stations. These elements have been included in or presented to several Route Utilisation Strategies (RUS) for the area.
All services on this route are currently operated by Northern Rail. From the new timetable changeover on 17 May 2015 electric service was introduced on the Liverpool to Wigan service using 4-Car Class 319 units. However, as electrification is not yet complete between Preston and Blackpool, the Liverpool to Blackpool North service continues to be diesel-operated, using Class 142 Pacer, Class 150 Sprinter, or Class 156 Super Sprinter DMUs.
Monday to Saturday
Daytime hours of operation typically see 3 trains per hour each way between Liverpool and Wigan. The typical service pattern comprises:
- Two all-stations stopping services, operating every 30 minutes between Liverpool and Wigan only, and
- One hourly long-distance express service, originating at Liverpool South Parkway, operating via Liverpool Lime St, and continuing to Blackpool North.
The limited-stop service calls only at Liverpool Lime St, Huyton, St Helens Central and Wigan in the Liverpool to Wigan leg of its journey. The service then calls at Euxton Balshaw Lane, Leyland and Preston on the West Coast Main Line, Kirkham and Wesham on the Blackpool branch, terminating at Blackpool North. Some peak time trains additionally call at Poulton-le-Fylde before Blackpool.
Morning and evening peaks see an increase in service frequency, including some services originating or terminating at St Helens Central and some semi-fast services. First service departs Liverpool for Wigan at around 0530. The first train from St Helens leaves for Liverpool just before 06:00, and Wigan's first departure for Liverpool is a little after 06:00, dependent on Winter or Summer timetable. Last departures from Wigan and Liverpool vary depending on the day of the week and therefore a consultation of the current timetable is recommended prior to travel.
- Liverpool Lime Street, Western terminus, here it is possible to interchange onto services to the Wirral. On leaving Lime Street, the trains pass through the Lime Street tunnels.
- Edge Hill, for inner city districts of Edge Hill, Kensington and Toxteth.
- Edge Hill Junction, where services to Manchester via Warrington Central split off
- Wavertree Technology Park, for Wavertree. Also, the express service to Manchester Airport
- Broad Green, suburban station (for Broadgreen Hospital)
- Roby Junction, located between Broad Green and Roby stations, is where the new additional track up to Huyton Junction, commences.
- Roby, suburban station
- Huyton for Huyton shopping centre and bus station. Also, change here for services to Warrington Bank Quay and Manchester Victoria
- Huyton Junction, where services towards Manchester Victoria and Warrington BQ split off
- Prescot, suburban station
- Eccleston Park, suburban station
- Thatto Heath, suburban station
- St Helens Central, for St Helens town centre, the World of Glass and the North-West Museum of Road Transport
- Garswood, suburban station, also the last stop within Merseytravel's ticket zone
- Bryn, suburban station (for Ashton-in-Makerfield)
- Ince Moss Junction where the Liverpool to Wigan line joins the West Coast Main Line
- Wigan North Western, Eastern Terminus, Change here for Intercity trains to Preston and points North, Warrington Bank Quay and points South and for regional express services to Blackpool North.
|Springs Branch Junction||0-00||0.00|
|Ince Moss Junction||0-44||0.90|
|St Helens Station Junction||7-42||12.10|
The route is now fully colour-light signalled all the way from Huyton to Wigan, though a manual signal box remains at St Helens Central, that at Huyton having been abolished and demolished in July 2014. The St Helens 'box' takes responsibility for the middle section of the line, with the northern end controlled by Warrington PSB since the WCML was resignalled in 1973. All other manual boxes en-route have been abolished, along with the last few semaphore signals (those at Prescot survived until September 2012, along with the box there). As well as the electrification of the line, control will eventually pass to the new North-West Regional Operating Centre in Manchester, as various areas are transferred over, Any remaining signal boxes will then be decommissioned. The first of these to do so was the Huyton area in 2014.
Work on the 25 kV overhead line electrification is now complete as is similar work on the Liverpool - Manchester (Chat Moss) route. On Monday 16 March 2015 the Network Rail test coach and its associated train made a series of passes over the line. This was followed by a series of test runs during the night of 19/20 March 2015 using a Class 319 EMU. The test findings were submitted to ORR who subsequently 'signed off' the route for public service.
A single, Saturdays only, early morning out and back run in public service was due to start on 18 April 2015 but the booked electric was replaced by a diesel at the last minute because of electrical problems on the branch. The first public EMU service was the 06:00 Liverpool Lime Street to Wigan North Western and 07:03 return on 25 March 2015, this has run regularly since. Electric trains started all day passenger operation following the new timetable change on 17 May 
Earlier, in 5–13 July 2014 there was a total blockade of the line at Huyton to enable new track together with station, signalling and electrification infrastructure to be put in place. As no rail traffic was able to pass during this closure period a substantial rail bus replacement service was set up to operate together with some other rail service diversions. The aims of the blockade were met and the new, interim three-track layout and remodelled Huyton Junction opened as planned for the first train on Monday 14 July 2014.
Electrification was originally scheduled to be accomplished by December 2014, but due to delays the target was missed, however masts and wiring are now in place between Huyton Junction and Ince Moss Junction and the line energised.
In December 2009, the then Transport Secretary Lord Adonis, announced that the line between Huyton and St Helens Line Junctions would also be electrified along with the previously committed Edge Hill to Huyton Junction infill on the Liverpool to Manchester line, as part of a £200 million rail electrification scheme. It has not been clarified if the newly electrified line will be incorporated within Merseyrail, as was the 1973 plan.
The Liverpool to Wigan line was initially scheduled to be on the Merseyrail electric urban network. The Strategic Plan for the North West, the SPNW, in 1973 envisaged that the Outer Loop which was to be an orbital line circling the city of Liverpool, the Edge Hill Spur which is a tunnel connecting the east of Liverpool to the city centre underground sections, and the lines to St. Helens, Wigan and Warrington would be electrified and all integrated into Merseyrail by 1991. This meant that trains from Wigan theoretically could directly access West Kirby on the Wirral via Liverpool city centre's underground stations creating an east-west crossrail using the 1890 Liverpool Central to Liverpool James Street tunnel, which is currently used as a shunting tunnel.
This never transpired, even though tunnelling work had commenced on the Edge Hill Spur section. Wigan was not incorporated into the Merseyrail electric network, with the Wigan line remaining a diesel service and relegated to the Merseytravel diesel-operated City Line, although branded as Merseyrail. However, the current electrification project will give fast electric train access from Wigan to Liverpool's high-level Lime Street railway station. If the mothballed Edge Hill Spur project is completed, trains from Wigan will access the stations in Liverpool city centre's underground section.
This work, in conjunction with the previously-announced Liverpool to Manchester line electrification would electrify the entire Liverpool to Wigan route. Additionally, considering currently-operated services; in conjunction with other infill electrification projects announced, this will allow electric trains to operate from Liverpool to St Helens, Wigan, Preston and Blackpool.
Merseytravel (One of the two PTEs on the route) had previously stated their aspirations for the St Helens infill electrification; considering it a necessary addition to the (then-proposed) Liverpool to Manchester electrification, given the interworking of passenger services between the Chat Moss (Liverpool to Manchester) and St Helens (Liverpool to Wigan) lines imposed by the December 2008 timetable.
Work is in progress to re-instate the four track layout which was originally in place between Huyton and Roby stations until the 1970s. This is part of the Electrification/Northern Hub improvement. It will provide passing tracks to allow for slow and fast traffic plus a remodelling of the Huyton Junction turnout towards Prescot in order to avoid substantial interaction with the Liverpool to Manchester line, which is presently the case. Accompanying platform construction and associated works have been undertaken at both stations. Completion of the scheme was scheduled for 2014, but has had to be split into two stages - Three-Tracking was opened on 14 July 2014, as it is entirely within the existing boundaries of railway land. The fourth track requires requisition of a strip of land 260 yards (240 m) long from the BT Telephone Exchange site together with part of Huyton Bus Station. Given the procedures of acquiring such property and construction, it currently seems unlikely that Four-Tracking will be in place before 2017, though some sources cite 2016, the relevant planning permissions to proceed having been granted in Summer 2014.
The December 2008 timetable change
December 2008 is notable as it brought extensive changes to the Northern Rail timetable, to fit in with new increased-frequency services from Virgin Trains. Timings were altered on all services. Most Liverpool to Wigan daytime local stopping services had previously omitted Edge Hill, but all stopping services on the route now call there.
December 2008 also marked the withdrawal of two relatively infrequent but notable services on this line:
- The long distance Express services used to run from Liverpool via St Helens Central and Wigan to either Morecambe, Blackpool North, and/or Barrow. Since December 2008, all Liverpool-Wigan line long distance services run to Blackpool only, necessitating a change at Wigan or Preston for the previously-served destinations.
- A small number of commuter-timed trains used to run Liverpool via Wigan to Manchester. They provided a route from Liverpool via St Helens Central, Wigan, and Bolton to Manchester Victoria, though these were also withdrawn in the December 2008 timetable. Replicating this journey now necessitates a change at Wigan NW, usually involving a walk to nearby Wigan Wallgate.
- Awdry, C. (1990), Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Wellingborough, ISBN 1-85260-049-7, p.86
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199.
- "City Line Timetable - Book 4 : Liverpool - St Helens Central, Wigan North Western and Blackpool North". Merseytravel. 2012-02-13. Retrieved 2012-03-06.
- "City Line Timetable - Booklet 4" (PDF). Merseytravel. 2009-12-13. Retrieved 2009-12-17.
- Northwest Sparks - Huyton to Wigan www.nw-sparks.co.uk; Retrieved 2013-08-28
- Network Rail
- Couch, Chris (2003). City of change and challenge: urban planning and regeneration in Liverpool. Aldershot: Ashgate. ISBN 978-1-84014-857-2
- "Railway lines being electrified in £200m scheme". BBC News. BBC. 2009-12-14. Retrieved 2009-12-17.
- "Electrification RUS Consultation Response" (PDF). Merseytravel. Network Rail. 2009-07-09. Retrieved 2009-12-17.
- "National Rail timetable CHANGES - December 2008 to May 2009". National Rail. 2008-12-14. Retrieved 2009-12-17.
- "Northern Rail Timetable 10, December 2007 - Liverpool to Wigan and beyond" (PDF). Northern Rail. 2007-12-14. Retrieved 2009-12-17.
- http://newton-le-willows.com : A Brief History of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway
- : A frequently updated photographic record of the electrification project