Lugo (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Lugo
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Lugo).png
Location of Lugo within Spain
Province Lugo
Autonomous community Galicia
Population 339,386 (2016)
Electorate 348,561 (2016)
Major settlements Lugo
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 5 (1977–1996)
4 (1996–)

Lugo is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects four deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Lugo is currently set at four. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Lugo 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
4 1
1st 1979
1 3 1
2nd 1982
1 1 3
3rd 1986
2 3
4th 1989
2 3
5th 1993
2 3
6th 1996
1 3
7th 2000
1 3
8th 2004
2 2
9th 2008
2 2
10th 2011
1 3
11th 2015
1 1 2
12th 2016
1 1 2

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

LugoMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Lugo
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 91,516 47.43 +4.92 2 ±0
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 45,796 23.73 –0.25 1 ±0
In Tide (PodemosAnovaEU) 32,752 16.97 –2.27 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 13,343 6.92 –0.67 0 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc–Us–Galician Candidacy (BNG–Nós) 5,009 2.60 –0.97 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 1,939 1.00 +0.20 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 514 0.27 +0.05 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,088 1.08 –0.12
Total 192,957 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 192,957 98.31 +0.11
Invalid votes 3,315 1.69 –0.11
Votes cast / turnout 196,272 56.31 –2.93
Abstentions 152,289 43.69 +2.93
Registered voters 348,561
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

LugoMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Lugo
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 86,446 42.51 –13.59 2 –1
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 48,772 23.98 –4.37 1 ±0
In Tide (PodemosAnovaEU)1 39,122 19.24 +16.19 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 15,441 7.59 New 0 ±0
Us–Galician Candidacy (Nós) 7,253 3.57 –5.58 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,445 1.20 –0.48
Total 203,352 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 203,352 98.20 –0.01
Invalid votes 3,732 1.80 +0.01
Votes cast / turnout 207,084 59.24 –3.57
Abstentions 142,463 40.76 +3.57
Registered voters 349,547
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

LugoMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Lugo
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 121,422 56.10 +11.58 3 +1
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 61,357 28.35 –13.10 1 –1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 19,811 9.15 –1.64 0 ±0
United LeftThe Greens: Plural Left (EU–V) 6,603 3.05 +2.10 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,628 1.68 +0.77
Total 216,435 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 216,435 98.21 –1.08
Invalid votes 3,944 1.79 +1.08
Votes cast / turnout 220,379 62.81 –9.20
Abstentions 130,472 37.19 +9.20
Registered voters 350,851
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

LugoMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Lugo
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 110,312 44.52 –5.19 2 ±0
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 102,693 41.45 +4.28 2 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 26,743 10.79 +0.64 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,252 0.91 –0.27
Total 247,770 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 247,770 99.29 +0.01
Invalid votes 1,764 0.71 –0.01
Votes cast / turnout 249,534 72.01 –0.30
Abstentions 97,000 27.99 +0.30
Registered voters 346,534
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

LugoMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Lugo
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 123,986 49.71 –8.26 2 –1
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 92,708 37.17 +14.26 2 +1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 25,313 10.15 –6.02 0 ±0
United Left (EU–IU) 2,570 1.03 +0.04 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,935 1.18 +0.10
Total 249,434 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 249,434 99.28 ±0.00
Invalid votes 1,809 0.72 ±0.00
Votes cast / turnout 251,243 72.31 +4.58
Abstentions 96,190 27.69 –4.58
Registered voters 347,433
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

LugoMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Lugo
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 134,168 57.97 +4.50 3 ±0
Socialists' Party of GaliciaProgressives (PSdeG–PSOE–p) 53,028 22.91 –9.57 1 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 37,422 16.17 +6.21 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,506 1.08 +0.32
Total 231,462 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 231,462 99.28 –0.15
Invalid votes 1,683 0.72 +0.15
Votes cast / turnout 233,145 67.73 –4.34
Abstentions 111,096 32.27 +4.34
Registered voters 344,241
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

LugoMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Lugo
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 129,523 53.47 +0.29 3 ±0
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 78,692 32.48 +0.28 1 –1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 24,136 9.96 +2.78 0 ±0
United Left–Galician Left (EU–EG) 6,292 2.60 –0.12 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,838 0.76 –0.02
Total 242,256 100.00 4 –1
Valid votes 242,256 99.43 +0.15
Invalid votes 1,396 0.57 –0.15
Votes cast / turnout 243,652 72.07 +2.21
Abstentions 94,447 27.93 –2.21
Registered voters 338,099
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

LugoMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Lugo
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 120,130 53.18 +7.42 3 ±0
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 72,745 32.20 +0.79 2 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 16,226 7.18 +4.38 0 ±0
Galician UnityUnited Left (UG–EU) 6,155 2.72 +0.74 0 ±0
Galician Nationalist Convergence (CNG) 3,306 1.46 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 2,842 1.26 –4.87 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,766 0.78 +0.10
Total 225,895 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 225,895 99.28 –0.03
Invalid votes 1,628 0.72 +0.03
Votes cast / turnout 227,523 69.86 +9.08
Abstentions 98,151 30.14 –9.08
Registered voters 325,674
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

LugoMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Lugo
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP)1 92,374 45.76 –1.01 3 ±0
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdG–PSOE) 63,404 31.41 +1.77 2 ±0
Galician Coalition (CG) 14,040 6.96 –3.62 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 12,371 6.13 –0.35 0 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 5,650 2.80 +1.53 0 ±0
United Left (EU) 3,999 1.98 +1.24 0 ±0
Galician Socialist Party–Galician Left (PSG–EG) 2,582 1.28 –0.36 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,382 0.68 +0.10
Total 201,857 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 201,857 99.31 +0.86
Invalid votes 1,396 0.69 –0.86
Votes cast / turnout 203,253 60.78 +4.36
Abstentions 131,181 39.22 –4.36
Registered voters 334,434
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

LugoMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Lugo
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 88,162 46.77 +0.60 3 ±0
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdG–PSOE) 55,860 29.64 +1.84 2 +1
Galician Coalition (CG) 19,944 10.58 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 12,210 6.48 +4.46 0 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 3,310 1.76 –1.31 0 ±0
Galician Socialist Party–Galician Left (PSG–EG)2 3,088 1.64 +1.15 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,084 0.58 –0.04
Total 188,482 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 188,482 98.45 +0.02
Invalid votes 2,976 1.55 –0.02
Votes cast / turnout 191,458 56.42 –4.41
Abstentions 147,893 43.58 +4.41
Registered voters 339,351
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

LugoMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Lugo
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 88,462 46.17 +26.92 3 +2
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdG–PSOE) 53,263 27.80 +10.31 1 ±0
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 34,567 18.04 –32.06 1 –2
Galician Nationalist BlocGalician Socialist Party (B–PSG)2 5,885 3.07 –6.16 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 3,876 2.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,196 0.62 +0.31
Total 191,583 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 191,583 98.43 –0.17
Invalid votes 3,057 1.57 +0.17
Votes cast / turnout 194,640 60.83 +11.57
Abstentions 125,320 39.17 –11.57
Registered voters 319,960
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

LugoMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Lugo
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 79,964 50.10 –1.74 3 –1
Democratic Coalition (CD)1 30,731 19.25 –2.41 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)2 27,920 17.49 –0.54 1 +1
Galician National-Popular Bloc (BNPG) 11,834 7.41 +5.08 0 ±0
Galician Unity (PGPOGPSG)3 2,911 1.82 +0.58 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 2,441 1.53 –0.23 0 ±0
Blank ballots 500 0.31 –0.17
Total 159,620 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 159,620 98.60 +0.78
Invalid votes 2,260 1.40 –0.78
Votes cast / turnout 161,880 49.26 –7.53
Abstentions 166,758 50.74 +7.53
Registered voters 328,638
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

LugoMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Lugo
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 87,059 51.84 4
People's Alliance (AP) 36,377 21.66 1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 20,808 12.39 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 9,466 5.64 0
Galician National-Popular Bloc (BNPG) 3,909 2.33 0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 2,949 1.76 0
Spanish Social Reform (RSE) 2,852 1.70 0
Galician Socialist Party (PSG) 2,080 1.24 0
Blank ballots 802 0.48
Total 167,944 100.00 5
Valid votes 167,944 97.82
Invalid votes 3,737 2.18
Votes cast / turnout 171,681 56.79
Abstentions 130,612 43.21
Registered voters 302,293
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 43°00′N 7°30′W / 43.000°N 7.500°W / 43.000; -7.500