Luke 6:4-16 on Papyrus 4, written about AD 150-175.
|Book||Gospel of Luke|
|Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Bible part||3|
Luke 21 is the twenty-first chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records the observations and predictions of Jesus Christ delivered in the temple in Jerusalem. The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as the Acts of the Apostles.
- The original text is written in Koine Greek.
- Some most ancient manuscripts containing this chapter are:
- This chapter is divided into 38 verses.
The New International Version organises this chapter as follows:
- Luke 21:1-4 = The Widow’s Offering (see also Mark 12:41-44)
- Luke 21:5-38 = The Destruction of the Temple and Signs of the End Times (see also Matthew 24:1-31 and Mark 13:1-27)
The New King James Version divides verses 5-38 into further discrete sections:
- Luke 21:5-6 = Jesus Predicts the Destruction of the Temple (Matthew 24:1-2; Mark 13:1-2)
- Luke 21:7-19 = The Signs of the Times and the End of the Age (Matthew 24:3-14; Mark 13:3-13)
- Luke 21:20-24 = The Destruction of Jerusalem (Matthew 24:15-21; Mark 13:14-19)
- Luke 21:25-28 = The Coming of the Son of Man (Matthew 24:29-31; Mark 13:24-27)
- Luke 21:29-34 = The Parable of the Budding Fig Tree (Matthew 24:32-35; Mark 13:28-31)
- Luke 21:35-38 = The Importance of Watching
The beauty of the Temple
- Some spoke of the temple ... (verse 5: Greek: τινων λεγοντων περι του ιερου, tinōn legontōn peri tou hierou).
The New International Version translates this as "Some of his disciples ...", but some other versions suggest "some people" i.e. not specifically disciples of Jesus. The "beautiful stones" and the "gifts dedicated to God" both contribute to the splendor of the temple.
The destruction of the Temple
Matthew and Mark state that Jesus spoke privately to his disciples on Mount Olivet about the end times and the destruction of Jerusalem: see Olivet Discourse. Luke does not present this teaching as delivered privately:
- In the daytime, He was teaching in the temple, but at night He went out and stayed on the mountain called Olivet. Then early in the morning all the people came to Him in the temple to hear Him.
Parable of the Budding Fig Tree
This parable was told by Jesus Christ and in the New Testament is found in Matthew Matthew 24:32-35, Mark Mark 13:28-31, and Luke Luke 21:29-33. This parable, about the Kingdom of God, involves a fig tree, as does the equally brief parable of the barren fig tree, with which it should not be confused. Luke presents this parable as eschatological in nature: like the leaves of the fig tree, the signs spoken of in the Olivet discourse of Luke 21:5-28  indicate the coming of the Kingdom of God.
- Ministry of Jesus
- Olivet Discourse
- Parables of Jesus
- Other related Bible parts: Matthew 24, Mark 12, Mark 13
- Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
- Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
- Luke 21:5
- International Standard Version and New Century Version
- Luke 21:37-38
- Bernard Brandon Scott, Hear Then the Parable: A commentary on the parables of Jesus, Fortress Press, 1989, ISBN 0-8006-2481-5, pp. 338-340.
- Luke 21:5-28
| Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Luke