Lunar Ultraviolet Cosmic Imager

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lunar Ultraviolet Cosmic Imager
Mission typeAstrophysics
OperatorIndian Institute of Astrophysics
Mission durationTelescope: few months[1]
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftZ-01 lander
Spacecraft typeLunar lander
Payload massTotal: ~30 kg[1]
LUCI: 1.85 kg[2]
DimensionsTelescope: 45 cm × 15 cm [2]
Start of mission
Launch dateQ3 2020[3]
RocketFalcon 9 (baseline)[4]
Launch siteTBD
ContractorSpaceX
Moon lander
Spacecraft componentZ-01 lander[5]
Landing siteMare Imbrium
Main UV telescope
NameLUCI
TypeSpherical catadioptric[2]
Diameter30 cm [1]
Focal length945 mm [1]
Collecting area607 cm2 [1]
Wavelengthsnear UV (200 - 320 nm)[2]
Resolution~5" [1]
 

Lunar Ultraviolet Cosmic Imager (LUCI) is a small planned telescope that will be landed on the Moon to scan the sky in near UV wavelengths. It is a technology demonstrator developed by the Indian Institute of Astrophysics,[6][1][7][8] and it will be one of several small payloads to be deployed by the commercial Z-01 lander developed by TeamIndus in partnership with OrbitBeyond. The mission is planned to be launched in 2020 as part of NASA's Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS).[9]

Science objectives[edit]

The science objectives of LUCI telescope are primarily to search for transient astronomic events such as supernovae, novae, tidal disruption events by massive black holes, and more exotic energetic sources such as superluminous supernovae and flashes from cosmic collisions which can be very energetic on all scales.[6][10]

LUCI will also look for faint asteroids and comets in the Solar System, especially for near-Earth objects (NEO) and potentially hazardous objects.[6] The aims are focused on UV sources not accessible by the more sensitive large space missions.[6]

Overview[edit]

The Earth's atmosphere absorbs and scatters UV photons, preventing observations of the active Universe. Placing a telescope on the surface of the Moon is advantageous because of its absence of atmosphere and ionosphere offers an unobstructed view of the space in all wavelengths. The Moon surface provides not just a stable platform, but an inexpensive and long-term access to observations in wavelengths not normally used by large orbital telescope missions. The only UV astronomical observations from the Moon to date were made by Apollo 16 team in 1972.[10] LUCI project started in 2013 and is funded by India's Department of Science and Technology.[8] The telescope team is headed by Jayant Murthy.[6]

The telescope has been completed and as of March 2019, is awaiting integration to the Z-01 lander.[5] It will be launched in Q3 2020[3] on a Falcon 9 rocket[4] and land at Mare Imbrium (29.52º N 25.68º W).[3]

Design[edit]

Lunar Ultraviolet Cosmic Imager
Parameter Units/performance[5]
Telescope type Cassegrain
Mass 1.2 kg (2.6 lb)
Wavelength band near UV
(200 nm to 320 nm)
Primary mirror
(aperture)
80 mm
Secondary mirror 32 cm
Collecting area 607 cm2
Focal length 800 mm
Field of view 27:6' × 20:4'
Spatial resolution 5'
Detector UV-enhanced CCD
(Sony ICX407BLA)
Power < 5 W
Dimensions 45 cm × 15 cm
Structure CFRP

LUCI is a small technology demonstrator without 3-axis pointing freedom, so it will rely on the motion of the lunar sky.[10] The optical system is a two-spherical mirror configuration and a double-pass corrector lens. Its primary lens is all-spherical measuring 80 mm transmitting light through the system to a photon-counting charge-coupled device (CCD) detector which is sensitive to ultraviolet wavelengths.[11][5] The detector is an 8 mm UV-sensitive CCD with the response between 200 - 900 nm, so the engineers placed a solar blind filter before the CCD to restrict the bandpass to 200 - 320 nm.[5]

LUCI is planned to be mostly contained within the lander, and it will be lowered back into its storage bay during the cold lunar nights.[10] The baseline for LUCI's operation is "a few months".[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Prospect for UV observations from the Moon". Safonova, M., Mathew, J., Mohan, R. et al. Astrophys. Space Sci. (2014) 353: 329. doi:10.1007/s10509-014-2056-y
  2. ^ a b c d Prospect for UV observations from the Moon. II. Instrumental Design of an Ultraviolet Imager LUCI. Joice Mathew, Ajin Prakash, Mayuresh Sarpotdar, A.G. Sreejith, Nirmal K., S. Ambily, Margarita Safonova, Jayant Murthy, Noah Brosch. ArXive, 6 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b c OrbitBeyond - Z-01 Accessed on 17 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b Z-01 Lander. Gunter Dirk Krebs, Gunter's Space Page. Accessed on 17 June 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e Prospect for UV observations from the Moon. III. Assembly and ground calibration of Lunar Ultraviolet Cosmic Imager (LUCI). Mathew, J., Nair, B.G., Safonova, M. et al. Astrophys Space Sci (2019) 364: 53. 29 March 2019. doi:10.1007/s10509-019-3538-8
  6. ^ a b c d e "Bangalore-based startup aims for the skies | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dna. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 2017-03-10.
  7. ^ "Prospect for UV observations from the Moon. II. Instrumental design of an ultraviolet imager LUCI". Mathew, J., Prakash, A., Sarpotdar, M. et al. Astrophys. Space Sci. (2017) 362: 37. doi:10.1007/s10509-017-3010-6
  8. ^ a b "IIA, Team Indus take an X-Prize shot with LUCI - Bangalore Mirror -". Bangalore Mirror. Retrieved 2017-05-14.
  9. ^ "NASA Announces New Partnerships for Commercial Lunar Payload Delivery Services". NASA. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e Prospect for UV observations from the Moon. Margarita Safonova, Joice Mathew, Rekhesh Mohan, A. G. Sreejith, Jayant Murthy, Noah Brosch, Norbert Kappelmann, Arpit Sharma and Rahul Narayan. ArXive 2014.
  11. ^ A generic FPGA-based detector readout and real-time image processing board. Mayuresh Sarpotdar, Joice Mathew, Margarita Safonova and Jayant Murthy. Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore, India. ArXive. (2016)