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King of Babylon
Marduk-aḫḫē-erība kudurru.jpg
Hilprecht’s line art for the Marduk-aḫḫē-erība kudurru[i 1]
Reignca. 1046 BC
House2nd Dynasty of Isin

Marduk-aḫḫē-erība, inscribed in cuneiform contemporarily as mdAMAR.UTU-ŠEŠ-MEŠ-SU, meaning: “Marduk has replaced the brothers for me,” a designation given to younger sons whose older siblings have typically predeceased them,[1] ca. 1046 BC,[2] ruled as 9th king of the 2nd Dynasty of Isin and the 4th Dynasty of Babylon, but only for around 6 months using the date formula: MU 1 ITI 6,[3] which first appears in Kassite times and is open to interpretation.[nb 1] According to the Synchronistic Kinglist[i 2] he was a contemporary of the Assyrian king Aššur-bêl-kala where only the beginning of his name appears below that of his immediate predecessor Adad-apla-iddina.


The only contemporary source is a kudurru[i 1] (line art pictured),[4] or gray limestone boundary marker, in a private collection in Istanbul, which records a land grant to a certain Kudurrâ, a “Ḫabiru” and servant of the king, in a region of northern Babylonia called Bīt-Piri’-Amurru.[5] The term Ḫabiru may represent a socio-economic rather than ethnic designation as the name Kudurrâ is possibly not linguistically of semitic derivation. The field was surveyed[nb 2] by a diviner, a scribe named Nabû-ēriš the son of (i.e. descendant of) Arad-Ea, an administrator and a mayor.[6]

It has been suggested that he is the 5th king represented in the Prophecy A[i 3] by the single line, “A prince will arise, and his days will be short. He will not rule in the land.”[7] This is a late Assyrian tablet found at Assur and first published in 1923, which narrates a sequence of 12 Babylonian kings.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Kudurru BE I 2 149.
  2. ^ Synchronistic Kings List A.117, excavation reference Assur 14616c, ii 22.
  3. ^ Prophecy A, tablet VAT 10179 (KAR 421) obverse ii 19.


  1. ^ The Kinglist A, tablet BM 33332, iii 2 which gives the beginning of his name as: mdŠÚ-ŠEŠ-
  2. ^ Termed rēš eqli našû, to lift the head of the field.


  1. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1968). A political history of post-Kassite Babylonia, 1158-722 B.C. Analecta Orientalia. p. 144.
  2. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1999). "Isin". In Dietz Otto Edzard (ed.). Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie: Ia - Kizzuwatna. Walter De Gruyter. p. 184.
  3. ^ A. Poebel (1955). The Second Dynasty of Isin According to a New King-List Tablet. University of Chicago Press. p. 11.
  4. ^ H. V. Hilprecht (1896). Old Babylonian Inscriptions Chiefly from Nippur, volume I part II. Philadelphia: Amer. Philos. Society. pp. 65–67. text 149.
  5. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1999). Dietz Otto Edzard (ed.). Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie: Libanukasabas – Medizin. Walter De Gruyter. p. 374.
  6. ^ Eleanor Robson (2008). Mathematics in Ancient Iraq: A Social History. Princeton University Press. pp. 169, 174.
  7. ^ Tremper Longman (July 1, 1990). Fictional Akkadian autobiography: a generic and comparative study. Eisenbrauns. p. 161.