Marion Military Institute

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Marion Military Institute
Marion Military Institute emblem.gif
Motto Truth, Honor, Service
Type Military Junior College
Established 1842
President Colonel David J. Mollahan, USMC (Ret)
Dean and Vice President Mrs. Susan Stevenson & Ronald Bambi
Address 1101 Washington Street, Marion, Alabama 36756, United States
32°37′25″N 87°19′16″W / 32.6237°N 87.3211°W / 32.6237; -87.3211Coordinates: 32°37′25″N 87°19′16″W / 32.6237°N 87.3211°W / 32.6237; -87.3211
Campus 180 acres (0.73 km2)
Colors Orange and black
Mascot Tigers
Affiliations Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools ; Association of Military Colleges and Schools of the United States, Southern Association of Colleges and Schools
Website

http://www.marionmilitary.edu/

The MMI Chapel, Marion Military Institute
MMI Chapel and Lovelace Hall 02.jpg
The Marion Military Institute Chapel and Lovelace Hall
Built 1854
Architect Noah K. Davis
Architectural style Greek Revival
NRHP Reference # 78000508[1]
Added to NRHP September 13, 1978
President's House, Marion Institute
MMI Presidents House.JPG
The Marion Military Institute President's House
Built 1912
Architectural style Classical Revival
NRHP Reference # 79000401[1]
Added to NRHP May 14, 1979

Marion Military Institute, often abbreviated with the initialism MMI, is the official state military college of Alabama. Founded in Marion in 1842, it continues at its original location.[2]

History[edit]

Marion Military Institute traces its origins back to 1842 with the creation of Howard College. In 1842, Howard English & Classical School, later known as Howard College, was established in Marion, Alabama, by the Alabama Baptist Convention, with Dr. S. S. Sherman as President. During the American Civil War South Barracks (later known as Old South Barracks and now Lovelace Hall), built in 1854, & the Chapel, built in 1857, served the Confederacy as Breckenridge Military Hospital from 1863 to 1865. Along with the President's House (built 1912), these buildings are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1]

In 1887, the decision was made to move Howard College (now Samford University) to Birmingham. The then President of Howard College, Colonel J. T. Murfee, LL.D.,[3] and a handful of faculty and students decided to remain in Marion, Alabama and immediately reorganized and founded Marion Military Institute, a military preparatory high school and college. The United States Army ROTC program was first offered at MMI in 1916, when the institute was designated as an "Honor Military School with Distinction" by the United States Department of Defense. The U.S. Army Early Commissioning Program was established at MMI in 1968. In 1971 MMI became coeducational.

In March 2006, the Alabama state legislature passed a resolution placing MMI under the auspices of the Alabama Department of Postsecondary Education. MMI became "The State Military College of Alabama". As part of the transition to a public institution, Marion phased out its high school program. In May 2009, the last high school class graduated from Marion Military Institute's Preparatory School Program, a program that traced its origins back to 1887.

About MMI[edit]

MMI is one of only six Military junior colleges in the United States which offer unique[clarification needed] military training programs.

These programs include the Army's two-year Early Commissioning Program (ECP), an Army Reserve Officers Training Corps program through which qualified students can earn a commission as a Second Lieutenant after only two years of college. The Service Academy Preparation Program (SAP) is a freshman year of solid academic and physical preparation for students who wish to attend one of the Service Academies (West Point, Air Force Academy, Naval Academy, Merchant Marine Academy, or Coast Guard Academy). MMI also offers the first two years of Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps.

MMI was home to one of the few Union and Confederate cemeteries in existence, which is now located behind St. Wilfrid's Episcopal Church.

College accreditation[edit]

Marion Military Institute (MMI) is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award Associate of Arts and Associate of Science degrees. MMI has association memberships in the Association of Military Colleges and Schools of the United States and the Alabama College Conference. The accreditation by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and the Commission on International and Trans-Regional Accreditation entitles all the services and privileges of regional, national and international professional recognition

Campus organizations[edit]

Rodney L. Hall, Jr. Brigade Commander 2007-2008.jpg

Scabbard and Blade[edit]

"Scabbard and Blade is a national joint service that was started in 1904 and has over 230 companies nationwide. The primary purpose of Scabbard and Blade is to raise the standard of military education in American colleges and universities; to unite in closer relationships their military departments; to encourage and foster the essential qualities of good and efficient officers; and to promote friendship and good fellowship among the cadet officers. The society also disseminates knowledge of military education to the students and people of the country. In general, members acquaint the public with our national defense needs.

Swamp Fox[edit]

Originated at Marion Military Institute in 1963. Named for Francis Marion, who was called The Swamp Fox, due to his daring exploits during the American Revolution. He and his small and poorly equipped force harassed the British loyalists along the Peedee and Santee Rivers. The Swamp Foxes are to be the most physically fit, most disciplined, and the most technically and tactically proficient small unit at all times. The Swamp Foxes of MMI are required to maintain a 2.5 GPA and a 270 on an Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT); the three to four week regimen to join the ranks of the Swamp Foxes borrows skills tests from various infantry schools including Ranger, Expert Infantry Badge (EIB), Air Assault, and Airborne.[4]

White Knights[edit]

The White Knights were established in 1950. Founded by the Cadet Commander Gene Hyche to promote precision drill, discipline, and to establish a union of brotherhood and trust among its members. The team consists of cadets from across the nation. Try-outs are held at the beginning of each semester and consist of twenty-one days of intense training in military drill techniques. Membership in the White Knights is based on military drill proficiency. Each year the Knights receive invitations to perform throughout the United States. In past years they have performed at such events as the Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, Indianapolis 500, and the Air Force Academy Invitational Drill Meet. They also perform in parades such as Mardi Gras in both New Orleans and Mobile, the inauguration of U.S. presidents and state governors, and various Veterans Day and Christmas parades.[5]

Normandy Society[edit]

The Normandy Society (military history club) was formed in 1994 and named to honor those who participated in the 1944 Normandy Invasion. The Normandy Society is open to all cadets, but full membership and election to officers require satisfactory grades and citizenship. Meetings are held in the Baer Memorial Library on Wednesday nights to study military history campaigns and events. Classic war movies, weapons displays, and field trips are used to educate and interest MMI cadets. LTC Bauer (MMI '56) is Chair of the History department and sponsor of the Normandy Society. The cadets in this organization have raised money for worthy projects at MMI through sales of souvenir items and clothing as well as through individual donations. Previously, Normandy Society donated money to replace the wheels of the Reveille Cannon on the Quadrangle. This year they decided to help replace the video and sound system in the chapel, a greatly needed improvement.

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]