First Merkel cabinet
Merkel's first cabinet led the government of Germany from 22 November 2005 to 27 October 2009 throughout the 16th Bundestag. Led by Christian Democrat Angela Merkel, the first female chancellor in German history, the cabinet was supported by a grand coalition between the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU), and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). It followed the Second Schröder cabinet. It ceased to function after the formation of Second Merkel cabinet, which was created after the 2009 federal elections, and was later sworn in on 28 October 2009.
The federal cabinet consisted of the following ministers:
Formation of the grand coalition
Neither the coalitions of the CDU/CSU and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) nor the ruling SPD and Alliance '90/The Greens had the vote of a majority of members of the Bundestag following the 2005 federal election, so the CDU/CSU and SPD decided to form the second grand coalition in the history of the federal republic. Both CDU/CSU and SPD achieved a similar percentage of votes at the election (35.2% and 34.2%, respectively), so they decided that each would receive eight cabinet seats (with six for the CDU and two for the CSU). On 13 October the SPD announced their future ministers and on 17 October the CDU/CSU announced theirs.
Edmund Stoiber of the CSU was to become the Federal Minister of Economics and Technology, but refused the post on 1 November after a conflict with Angela Merkel over the abilities of the minister to succeed him, and chose to continue his state-level role in Bavaria.
The coalition agreement (Koalitionsvertrag), titled Together for Germany. With courage and humanity, was signed and accepted by the congress of the CDU, CSU, and SPD on 12, 13, and 14 November. Angela Merkel was elected Chancellor of Germany on 22 November by 397 votes to 202. From that date the cabinet was officially in power.
- "Analysis: German Coalition Deal". BBC News. 15 November 2005. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- "Merkel to succeed Germany's Schröder". Washington Post. 11 October 2005. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Merkel's new cabinet sworn in". DW. 30 October 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- "Election to the 16th German Bundestag of 18 September 2005". Federal Returning Officer. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- "Basic Agreement for Coalition Negotiations between CDU/CSU and SPD" (PDF). Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- "Edmund Stoiber". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- "Merkel sworn in as German chancellor". The Guardian. 22 November 2005. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- Official English names of German ministers and ministries (German Foreign Office)
- (German) PDF (659 KiB), the agreement of the coalition of November 12, 2005 between the CDU, CSU and SPD.
- PDF (541 KiB), from the SPD official website.