Micheon of Goguryeo
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|Micheon of Goguryeo|
|Hangul||미천왕 or 호양왕|
|Revised Romanization||Micheon-wang or Hoyang-wang|
|Hangul||고을불 or 을불리 or 우불|
|Hanja||高乙弗 or 乙弗利 or 憂弗|
|Revised Romanization||Go Eul-bul or Eulbulli or U-bul|
|McCune–Reischauer||Ko Ŭlbul or Ŭlbulli or Ubul|
|Monarchs of Korea
Background and Rise to the throne
Micheon lived in hiding as an indentured servant and a salt merchant, but was made king after Bongsang was overthrown by court officials. The tales of Micheon's life in hiding before becoming king are recorded in the Samguk Sagi. He is said to have been a servant of a local lord, and was made to throw stones into a pond throughout the night, to keep the frogs quiet. He escaped and met a salt merchant, and faced much hardship while travelling selling salt.
Micheon continuously developed the Goguryeo army into a very powerful force. During the disintegration of China's Jin Dynasty, he expanded Goguryeo's borders into the Liaodong Peninsula and the other Chinese commanderies. His first military campaign was in 302, against the Xuantu Commandery. He annexed the Lelang commandery in 313 and Daifang commandery in 314 after attacked Seoanpyeong (西安平; near modern Dandong) in Liaodong.
In his reign, Goguryeo was faced with growing Xianbei influence in the west, particularly Murong Bu (慕容部) incursions into Liaodong. Micheon allied with other Xianbei tribes against the Murong Bu, but their attack was unsuccessful. In 319, the Goguryeo general Yeo Noja (여노자, 如奴子) was taken captive by the Murong Bu. Throughout this period, Goguryeo and the Murongbu attacked each other's positions in Liaodong, but neither was able to gain a lasting victory.