Military ranks and insignia of the Japan Self-Defense Forces

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Military of Japan
Flag of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.svg
Service branches

Flag of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.svg Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
Naval Ensign of Japan.svg Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force

Flag of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.svg Japan Air Self-Defense Force
Manpower
Military age 18 to 27 years of age
Available for
military service
27,003,112 males, age 18–49 (2005 est.),
26,153,482 females, age 18–49 (2005 est.)
Fit for
military service
22,234,663 males, age 18–49 (2005 est.),
21,494,947 females, age 18–49 (2005 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
683,147 males (2005 est.),
650,157 females (2005 est.)
Active personnel 239,000 (ranked 24th)
Expenditures
Budget $44.3 billion (2005)
Percent of GDP 1% (2004)

After the end of World War II in Asia following the surrender of Japan, the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy were dissolved by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers during the occupation of Japan. The symbols below represent the ranks of the Japan Self-Defense Forces, the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force, the Japan Air Self-Defense Force, and the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force which have, since 1952, replaced the imperial military. The 1938–1945 Japanese military and naval ranks were phased out after World War II. The self-defense force breaks away from the Sino-centric tradition of non-branch-specified ranks, each SDF rank with respect to each service carries a distinct Japanese title, although equivalent titles in different branches are still similar, differing only in the use of the morphemes riku (ground) for the army ranks, kai (sea) for the naval ranks, and kuu (air) for the aviation ranks.

The pentagramic stars on some insignia represent cherry blossoms. Because Japanese soldiers take an oath to die to protect the lives and wealth of Japanese citizens, they have been compared to delicate cherry blossoms that break easily.

Ground self-defense force[edit]

Ranks are listed with the lower rank at right.

Officer
Kanbu (幹部?)
Insignia OF-9
Full General
統合幕僚長および陸上幕僚長たる陸将[1]
OF-8
Lieutenant
general
陸将, rikushou[2]
OF-7
Major
general

陸将補, shouho[3]
OF-5
Colonel
1等陸佐, issa
OF-4
Lieutenant
colonel
2等陸佐, nisa
OF-3
Major
3等陸佐, sansa
OF-2
Captain
1等陸尉, ichi-i
OF-1
First
lieutenant
2等陸尉, ni-i
OF-1
Second
lieutenant
3等陸尉, san-i
Type A
(甲階級章)
JGSDF General insignia (a).svg JGSDF Lieutenant General insignia (a).svg JGSDF Major General insignia (a).svg JGSDF Colonel insignia (a).svg JGSDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (a).svg JGSDF Major insignia (a).svg JGSDF Captain insignia (a).svg JGSDF First Lieutenant insignia (a).svg JGSDF Second Lieutenant insignia (a).svg
Type B
(乙階級章)
JGSDF General insignia (b).svg JGSDF Lieutenant General insignia (b).svg JGSDF Major General insignia (b).svg JGSDF Colonel insignia (b).svg JGSDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (b).svg JGSDF Major insignia (b).svg JGSDF Captain insignia (b).svg JGSDF First Lieutenant insignia (b).svg JGSDF Second Lieutenant insignia (b).svg
Miniature
(略章)
JGSDF General insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Lieutenant General insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Major General insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Colonel insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Major insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Captain insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF First Lieutenant insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Second Lieutenant insignia (miniature).svg
Warrant Officer & Enlisted
(准尉および曹士)
Insignia OR-9
Warrant
Officer

准陸尉
OR-8
Sergeant
major

陸曹長
OR-7
Master
sergeant

1等陸曹
OR-6
Sergeant
first
class

2等陸曹
OR-5
Sergeant
3等陸曹
OR-3
Leading
private

陸士長
OR-2
Private
first
class

1等陸士
OR-1
Private
2等陸士
OR-D
Self defence
official cadet
自衛官候補生
Type A
(甲階級章)
JGSDF Warrant Officer insignia (a).svg JGSDF Sergeant Major insignia (a).svg JGSDF Master Sergeant insignia (a).svg JGSDF Sergeant First Class insignia (a).svg JGSDF Sergeant insignia (a).svg JGSDF Leading Private insignia (a).svg JGSDF Private First Class insignia (a).svg JGSDF Private insignia (a).svg JGSDF self defence official cadet insignia (a).svg
Type B
(乙階級章)
JGSDF Warrant Officer insignia (b).svg JGSDF Sergeant Major insignia (b).svg JGSDF Master Sergeant insignia (b).svg JGSDF Sergeant First Class insignia (b).svg JGSDF Sergeant insignia (b).svg JGSDF Leading Private insignia (b).svg JGSDF Private First Class insignia (b).svg JGSDF Private insignia (b).svg JGSDF self defence official cadet insignia (b).svg
Miniature
(略章)
JGSDF Warrant Officer insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Sergeant Major insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Master Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Sergeant First Class insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Leading Private insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Private First Class insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Private insignia (miniature).svg No insignia

Maritime self-defense force[edit]

Ranks are listed with the lower rank at right.

Officer
(幹部)
Insignia OF-9
Full Admiral
統合幕僚長および海上幕僚長たる海将
OF-8
Vice
admiral
海将
OF-7
Rear
admiral
海将補
OF-5
Captain
1等海佐
OF-4
Commander
2等海佐
OF-3
Lieutenant
commander
3等海佐
OF-2
Lieutenant
1等海尉
OF-1
Lieutenant
Junior grade
2等海尉
OF-1
Ensign
3等海尉
Type A
(甲階級章)
JMSDF Admiral insignia (a).svg JMSDF Vice Admiral insignia (a).svg JMSDF Rear Admiral insignia (a).svg JMSDF Captain insignia (a).svg JMSDF Commander insignia (a).svg JMSDF Lieutenant Commander insignia (a).svg JMSDF Lieutenant insignia (a).svg JMSDF Lieutenant Junior Grade insignia (a).svg JMSDF Ensign insignia (a).svg
Type B
(乙階級章)
JMSDF Admiral insignia (b).svg JMSDF Vice Admiral insignia (b).svg JMSDF Rear Admiral insignia (b).svg JMSDF Captain insignia (b).svg JMSDF Commander insignia (b).svg JMSDF Lieutenant Commander insignia (b).svg JMSDF Lieutenant insignia (b).svg JMSDF Lieutenant Junior Grade insignia (b).svg JMSDF Ensign insignia (b).svg
Type C
(丙階級章)
JMSDF Admiral insignia (c).svg JMSDF Vice Admiral insignia (c).svg JMSDF Rear Admiral insignia (c).svg JMSDF Captain insignia (c).svg JMSDF Commander insignia (c).svg JMSDF Lieutenant Commander insignia (c).svg JMSDF Lieutenant insignia (c).svg JMSDF Lieutenant Junior Grade insignia (c).svg JMSDF Ensign insignia (c).svg
Miniature
(略章)
JMSDF Admiral insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Vice Admiral insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Rear Admiral insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Captain insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Commander insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Lieutenant Commander insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Lieutenant insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Lieutenant Junior Grade insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Ensign insignia (miniature).svg
Warrant Officer & Enlisted
(准尉および曹士)
Insignia OR-9
Warrant
Officer

准海尉
OR-8
Chief
petty
officer

海曹長
OR-7
Petty
officer
first class

1等海曹
OR-6
Petty
officer
second class

2等海曹
OR-5
Petty
officer
third class

3等海曹
OR-3
Leading
seaman

海士長
OR-2
Seaman
1等海士
OR-1
Seaman
apprentice

2等海士
OR-D
Self defence
official cadet
自衛官候補生
Type A
(甲階級章)
JMSDF Warrant Officer insignia (a).svg JMSDF Chief Petty Officer insignia (a).svg JMSDF Petty Officer 1st Class insignia (a).svg JMSDF Petty Officer 2nd Class insignia (a).svg JMSDF Petty Officer 3rd Class insignia (a).svg JMSDF Leading Seaman insignia (a).svg JMSDF Seaman insignia (a).svg JMSDF Seaman Apprentice insignia (a).svg JMSDF self defence official cadet insignia (a)1.svg

JMSDF self defence official cadet insignia (a)2.svg
Type B
(乙階級章)
JMSDF Warrant Officer insignia (b).svg JMSDF Chief Petty Officer insignia (b).svg JMSDF Petty Officer 1st Class insignia (b).svg JMSDF Petty Officer 2nd Class insignia (b).svg JMSDF Petty Officer 3rd Class insignia (b).svg JMSDF Leading Seaman insignia (b).svg JMSDF Seaman insignia (b).svg JMSDF Seaman Apprentice insignia (b).svg JMSDF self defence official cadet insignia (b).svg
Type C
(丙階級章)
JMSDF Warrant Officer insignia (c).svg JMSDF Chief Petty Officer insignia (c).svg JMSDF Petty Officer 1st Class insignia (c).svg JMSDF Petty Officer 2nd Class insignia (c).svg JMSDF Petty Officer 3rd Class insignia (c).svg JMSDF Leading Seaman insignia (c).svg JMSDF Seaman insignia (c).svg JMSDF Seaman Apprentice insignia (c).svg No insignia
Miniature
(略章)
JMSDF Warrant Officer insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Chief Petty Officer insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Petty Officer 1st Class insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Petty Officer 2nd Class insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Petty Officer 3rd Class insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Leading Seaman insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Seaman insignia (miniature).svg JMSDF Seaman Apprentice insignia (miniature).svg No insignia

Air self-defense force[edit]

Ranks are listed with the lower rank at right.

Officer
(幹部)
Insignia OF-9
Full General
統合幕僚長および航空幕僚長たる空将[1]
OF-8
Lieutenant
general
空将[2]
OF-7
Major
general
(空将補)[3]
OF-5
Colonel
1等空佐
OF-4
Lieutenant
colonel
2等空佐
OF-3
Major
3等空佐
OF-2
Captain
1等空尉
OF-1
First
lieutenant
2等空尉
OF-1
Second
lieutenant
3等空尉
Type A
(甲階級章)
JASDF General insignia (a).svg JASDF Lieutenant General insignia (a).svg JASDF Major General insignia (a).svg JASDF Colonel insignia (a).svg JASDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (a).svg JASDF Major insignia (a).svg JASDF Captain insignia (a).svg JASDF First Lieutenant insignia (a).svg JASDF Second Lieutenant insignia (a).svg
Type B
(乙階級章)
JASDF General insignia (b).svg JASDF Lieutenant General insignia (b).svg JASDF Major General insignia (b).svg JASDF Colonel insignia (b).svg JASDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (b).svg JASDF Major insignia (b).svg JASDF Captain insignia (b).svg JASDF First Lieutenant insignia (b).svg JASDF Second Lieutenant insignia (b).svg
Miniature
(略章)
JASDF General insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Lieutenant General insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Major General insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Colonel insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Major insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Captain insignia (miniature).svg JASDF First Lieutenant insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Second Lieutenant insignia (miniature).svg
Warrant Officer & Enlisted
(准尉および曹士)
Insignia OR-9
Warrant
Officer

准空尉
OR-8
Senior
master
sergeant
空曹長
OR-7
Master
sergeant
1等空曹
OR-6
Technical
sergeant
2等空曹
OR-5
Staff
sergeant
3等空曹
OR-3
Airman
first class

空士長
OR-2
Airman
second class

1等空士
OR-1
Airman
third class

2等空士
OR-D
Self defence
official cadet
自衛官候補生
Type A
(甲階級章)
JASDF Warrant Officer insignia (a).svg JASDF Senior Master Sergeant insignia (a).svg JASDF Master Sergeant insignia (a).svg JASDF Technical Sergeant insignia (a).svg JASDF Staff Sergeant insignia (a).svg JASDF Airman 1st Class insignia (a).svg JASDF Airman 2nd Class insignia (a).svg JASDF Airman 3rd Class insignia (a).svg JASDF self defence official cadet insignia (a)1.svg

JASDF self defence official cadet insignia (a)2.svg
Type B
(乙階級章)
JASDF Warrant Officer insignia (b).svg JASDF Senior Master Sergeant insignia (b).svg JASDF Master Sergeant insignia (b).svg JASDF Technical Sergeant insignia (b).svg JASDF Staff Sergeant insignia (b).svg JASDF Airman 1st Class insignia (b).svg JASDF Airman 2nd Class insignia (b).svg JASDF Airman 3rd Class insignia (b).svg JASDF self defence official cadet insignia (b).svg
Miniature
(略章)
JASDF Warrant Officer insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Senior Master Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Master Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Technical Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Staff Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Airman 1st Class insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Airman 2nd Class insignia (miniature).svg JASDF Airman 3rd Class insignia (miniature).svg No insignia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Another designation army general.
  2. ^ a b Another designation divisional general.
  3. ^ a b Another designation brigade general.

External links[edit]