Ranks and insignia of NATO armies enlisted

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This page lists the enlisted ranks and insignia of NATO member armies. For the comparison chart of the commissioned officers, see Ranks and insignia of NATO armies officers.

Other and enlisted ranks (OR 1–9)[edit]

NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Albanian Land Force[1]
Army-ALB-OR-9.svg Army-ALB-OR-8.svg Army-ALB-OR-7.svg Army-ALB-OR-6.svg Army-ALB-OR-5.svg Army-ALB-OR-01.svg Army-ALB-OR-01.svg Army-ALB-OR-01.svg Army-ALB-OR-01.svg
Kryekapter Kapter Rreshter Tetar Nëntetar Ushtar IV Ushtar III Ushtar II Ushtar I


 Belgian Land Component
Army-BEL-OR-09a.svg Army-BEL-OR-09b.svg Army-BEL-OR-08.svg Army-BEL-OR-07.svg Army-BEL-OR-06a.svg Army-BEL-OR-06b.svg Army-BEL-OR-05.svg Army-BEL-OR-04a.svg Army-BEL-OR-04b.svg Army-BEL-OR-03.svg Army-BEL-OR-02.svg Army-BEL-OR-01.svg
Adjudant-Major
Adjudant-Majoor
Adjudant-chef
Adjudant-chef
Adjudant
Adjudant
1er sergeant-major
1ste sergeant-majoor
1er sergeant-chef
1ste sergeant-chef
1er sergeant
1ste sergeant
Sergeant
Sergeant
1er caporal-chef
1ste korporaal-chef
Caporal-chef
Korporaal-chef
Caporal
Korporaal
1er soldat
1ste soldaat
Soldat
Soldaat


 Bulgarian Land Forces[2]
Rank insignia of Офицерски кандидат of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Старшина of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Старши сержант of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Сержант of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Младши сержант of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Ефрейтор of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Редник of the Bulgarian Army.png
Офицерски кандидат
Ofitserski kandidat
Старшина
Starshyna
Старши сержант
Starshi serzhant
Сержант
Serzhant
Младши сержант
Mladshi serzhant
Ефрейтор
Efreytor
Редник
Rednik


 Canadian Army[3]
Canadian Army OR-9a.svg Canadian Army OR-8.svg Canadian Army OR-7.svg Canadian Army OR-6.svg
Canadian Army OR-5.svg Canadian Army OR-4.svg Canadian Army OR-3.svg Canadian Army OR-2.svg
Chief warrant officer
Adjudant-chef
Master warrant officer
Adjudant-maître
Warrant officer
Adjudant
Sergeant
Sergent
Master corporal
Caporal-chef
Corporal
Caporal
Private (trained)
Soldat (formé)
Private (basic)
Soldat (confirmé)
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Croatian Army[4]
Army-HRV-OR-09.svg Army-HRV-OR-08.svg Army-HRV-OR-07.svg Army-HRV-OR-06.svg Army-HRV-OR-05.svg Army-HRV-OR-04.svg Army-HRV-OR-03.svg Army-HRV-OR-02.svg No insignia
Časnički namjesnik Stožerni narednik Nadnarednik Narednik Desetnik Skupnik Razvodnik Pozornik Vojnik


 Czech Land Forces[5]
CzArmy 2011 OR9-Stabni praporcik shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR8-Nadpraporcik shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR7-Praporčík shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR6-Nadrotmistr shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR5-Rotmistr shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR4-Rotny shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR3-Cetar shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR2-Desatnik shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR1a-Svobodnik shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR1b-Vojin shoulder.svg
Štábní praporčík Nadpraporčík Praporčík Nadrotmistr Rotmistr Rotný Četař Desátník Svobodník Vojínv


 Royal Danish Army[6]
Denmark-Army-OR-9c-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-9a-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-8a-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-7-M11.svg No equivalent Denmark-Army-OR-5-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-5a-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-4-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-3-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-2-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-1-M11.svg
Hærchefsergenten Chefsergent Seniorsergent Oversergent Sergent Sergent
(Officerselev)
Korporal Overkonstabel af 1. grad Overkonstabel Konstabel


 Estonian Land Forces[7]
Estonia-Army-OR-9b.svg Estonia-Army-OR-9a.svg Estonia-Army-OR-8.svg Estonia-Army-OR-7.svg Estonia-Army-OR-6.svg Estonia-Army-OR-5.svg Estonia-Army-OR-4b.svg Estonia-Army-OR-4a.svg No equivalent Estonia-Army-OR-2.svg Estonia-Army-OR-1.svg
Ülemveebel Staabiveebel Vanemveebel Veebel Nooremveebel Vanemseersant Seersant Nooremseersant Kapral Reamees
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 French Army[8]
Army-FRA-OR-09a.svg Army-FRA-OR-09b.svg Army-FRA-OR-08.svg No equivalent Army-FRA-OR-06.svg Army-FRA-OR-05.svg Army-FRA-OR-04a.svg Army-FRA-OR-04b.svg Army-FRA-OR-03.svg Army-FRA-OR-02.svg Army-FRA-OR-01.svg
Major Adjudant-chef Adjudant Sergent-chef/
Maréchal-des-logis-chef
Sergent/
Maréchal-des-logis
Caporal-chef de 1re classe Caporal-chef/
Brigadier-chef
Caporal/
Brigadier
Soldat de 1re classe Soldat


 German Army[9]
HD H 35 Oberstabsfeldwebel HAufkl.svg HD H 34 Stabsfeldwebel Fm.svg HD H 33 Hauptfeldwebel ABCAbw.svg HD H 32 Oberfeldwebel HFla.svg HD H 31 Feldwebel Art.svg HD H 22 Stabsunteroffizier Pz.svg HD H 21 Unteroffizier PzGren.svg HD H 16 Oberstabsgefreiter Fm L.svg HD H 15 Stabsgefreiter HFla L.svg HD H 14 Hauptgefreiter Art L.svg HD H 13 Obergefreiter HAufkl L.svg HD H 12 Gefreiter Jg L.svg HD H 11 Panzerschütze Pz L.svg
Oberst­stabs­feldwebel Stabs­feldwebel Haupt­feldwebel Ober­feldwebel Feldwebel Stabs­unteroffizier Unteroffizier Ober­stabs­gefreiter Stabs­gefreiter Haupt­gefreiter Ober­gefreiter Gefreiter Soldat
 German Army
(Officer designate)
No equivalent
HD H 33a Oberfähnrich HFlg.svg HD H 31a Fähnrich Pi.svg HD H 21a Fahnenjunker FJg.svg No equivalent
Oberfähnrich Fähnrich Fahnenjunker


 Hellenic Army[10]
Army-GRE-OR-09a.svg Army-GRE-OR-08.svg Army-GRE-OR-08b.svg Army-GRE-OR-07.svg Army-GRE-OR-07b.svg Army-GRE-OR-06a.svg Army-GRE-OR-06b.svg No equivalent Army-GRE-OR-04a.svg Army-GRE-OR-04b.svg Army-GRE-OR-03a.svg No equivalent Arm/corps insignia only
Ανθυπασπιστής[a]
Anthypaspistis
Αρχιλοχίας
Archilochias
Επιλοχίας
Epilochias
Λοχίας
Lochias
Δεκανέας
Dekaneas
Υποδεκανέας
Ypodekaneas
Στρατιώτης
Stratiotis
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Hungarian Ground Forces[11]
Army-HUN-OR-09.svg Army-HUN-OR-08a.svg Army-HUN-OR-08b.svg Army-HUN-OR-07.svg Rank Army Hungary OR-06.svg Army-HUN-OR-05.svg Army-HUN-OR-04a.svg Rank Army Hungary OR-04b.svg Rank Army Hungary OR-02.svg Rank Army Hungary OR-01.svg
Főtörzszászlós Törzszászlós Zászlós Főtörzsőrmester Törzsőrmester Őrmester Szakaszvezető Tizedes Őrvezető Közkatona


Iceland Iceland Crisis Response Unit
No equivalent
Iceland OR-6.svg Iceland OR-5.svg Iceland OR-4.svg No equivalent
Iceland OR-1.svg
Flokkstjóri 1. Flokkstjóri 2. Korporáll óbreyttur


 Italian Army[12]
Rank insignia of primo luogotenente qs of the Army of Italy (2018).svg Rank insignia of primo maresciallo luogotenente of the Army of Italy (2018).svg IT-Army-WO4.svg
IT-Army-WO3.svg IT-Army-WO2.svg IT-Army-WO1.svg
Maresciallo capo Maresciallo ordinario Maresciallo
Rank insignia of sergente maggiore capo qualif sp of the Army of Italy (2018).svg IT-Army-OR9a.svg IT-Army-OR9b.svg IT-Army-OR8.svg
Rank insignia of caporalmaggiore capo scelto qualif sp of the Army of Italy (2018).svg IT-Army-OR7.svg IT-Army-OR6.svg IT-Army-OR5.svg IT-Army-OR4a.svg
Caporale maggiore capo scelto q.s. Caporale maggiore capo scelto Caporale maggiore capo Caporale maggiore scelto Primo caporale maggiore
IT-Army-OR4b.svg IT-Army-OR2.svg IT-Army-OR1.svg
Primo luogotenente q.s. Luogotenente Primo maresciallo Sergente maggiore capo q.s. Sergente Maggiore Capo Sergente Maggiore Sergente Caporal Maggiore Caporale Soldato


 Latvian Land Forces[13]
Latvia-Army-OR-9.svg Latvia-Army-OR-8.svg Latvia-Army-OR-7.svg Latvia-Army-OR-6.svg Latvia-Army-OR-5.svg Latvia-Army-OR-4.svg Latvia-Army-OR-3.svg Latvia-Army-OR-2.svg No equivalent
Augstākais virsseržants Galvenais virsseržants Štāba virsseržants Virsseržants Seržants Kaprālis Dižkareivis Kareivis
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Lithuanian Land Force[14]
12-Lithuania Army-SGM.svg 11-Lithuania Army-MSG.svg 09-Lithuania Army-STSG.svg 07-Lithuania Army-SSG.svg 05-Lithuania Army-SGT.svg 04-Lithuania Army-CPL.svg 03-Lithuania Army-SPVT.svg 02-Lithuania Army-PVT.svg 01-Lithuania Army-JPVT.svg
Seržantas majoras Viršila Štabo seržantas Vyresnysis seržantas Seržantas Grandinis Vyresnysis eilinis Eilinis Jaunesnysis eilinis


 Luxembourg Army[15]
Army-LUX-OR-09a.svg Army-LUX-OR-09b.svg Army-LUX-OR-08.svg Army-LUX-OR-07.svg Army-LUX-OR-06.svg Army-LUX-OR-05.svg Army-LUX-OR-04a.svg Army-LUX-OR-04b.svg Army-LUX-OR-03a.svg Army-LUX-OR-03b.svg Army-LUX-OR-02a.svg Army-LUX-OR-02b.svg Army-LUX-OR-01a.svg Army-LUX-OR-01b.svg
Adjudant-major Adjudant-Chef Adjudant Sergent-Chef Premier Sergent Sergent Premier Caporal-Chef Caporal-Chef Caporal de première classe Caporal Premier Soldat-Chef Soldat-Chef Soldat première classe Soldat


 Montenegrin Ground Army
09-Montenegro Army-CWO.svg 08-Montenegro Army-WO.svg 07-Montenegro Army-SSFC.svg 06-Montenegro Army-SSG.svg 05-Montenegro Army-SFC.svg 04-Montenegro Army-SGT.svg 03-Montenegro Army-JSG.svg 02-Montenegro Army-CPL.svg 01-Montenegro Army-LCP.svg
Zastavnik 1 klase Zastavnik Stariji vodnik 1 klase Stariji vodnik Vodnik 1 klase Vodnik Mlađi vodnik Desetar Razvodnik


North Macedonian Ground Forces[16]
North-Macedonia-Army-OR-9.svg North-Macedonia-Army-OR-8.svg North-Macedonia-Army-OR-7.svg North-Macedonia-Army-OR-6.svg North-Macedonia-Army-OR-5.svg North-Macedonia-Army-OR-4.svg North-Macedonia-Army-OR-3b.svg North-Macedonia-Army-OR-3a.svg North-Macedonia-Army-OR-2.svg No insignia
Главен наредник
Glaven narednik
Наредник
Narednik
Постар водник I класа
Postar vodnik I klasa
Постар водник
Postar vodnik
Водник 1 класа
Vodnik 1 klasa
Водник
Vodnik
Помлад водник
Pomlad vodnik
Десетар
Desetar
Разводник
Razvodnik
Војник
Vojnik
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Royal Netherlands Army[17]
Nl-landmacht-adjudant onderofficier.svg
Nl-landmacht-sergeant majoor-opperwachtmeester.svg Nl-landmacht-sergeant der 1e klasse-wachtmeester-der-1e-klasse.svg Nl-landmacht-sergeant-wachtmeester.svg Nl-landmacht-korporaal der 1e klasse.svg Nl-landmacht-korporaal.svg Nl-landmacht-soldaat der 1e klasse.svg Nl-landmacht-soldaat der 2e klasse.svg Nl-landmacht-soldaat-der-3e-klasse.svg
Adjudant-onderofficier Sergeant-majoor/
Opperwachtmeester
Sergeant der 1e klasse/
Wachtmeester der 1e klasse
Sergeant/
Wachtmeester
Korporaal der 1e klasse Korporaal Soldaat/
Huzaar/
Kanonier der 1e klasse
Soldaat/
Huzaar/
Kanonier der 2e klasse
Soldaat/
Huzaar/
Kanonier der 3e klasse


 Norwegian Army[18]
Norway-Army-OR-9b.svg Norway-Army-OR-9a.svg Norway-Army-OR-8.svg Norway-Army-OR-7.svg Norway-Army-OR-6.svg Norway-Army-OR-5b.svg Norway-Army-OR-5a.svg Norway-Army-OR-4b.svg Norway-Army-OR-4a.svg Norway-Army-OR-3.svg Norway-Army-OR-2.svg Norway-army-OR-1b.svg Norway-army-OR-1a.svg
Sjefssersjant Sersjantmajor Kommandersersjant Stabssersjant Oversersjant Sersjant 1. klasse Sersjant Korporal 1. klasse Korporal Visekorporal 1. klasse Visekorporal Ledende menig Menig


 Polish Land Forces[19]
Army-POL-OR-09a.svg Army-POL-OR-09b.svg Army-POL-OR-08.svg Army-POL-OR-07.svg Army-POL-OR-06.svg Army-POL-OR-05.svg Army-POL-OR-04a.svg Army-POL-OR-04b.svg Army-POL-OR-03.svg Army-POL-OR-02.svg Army-POL-OR-01.svg
Starszy chorąży sztabowy Starszy chorąży Chorąży Młodszy chorąży Starszy sierżant Sierżant Plutonowy Starszy kapral Kapral Starszy szeregowy Szeregowy


 Portuguese Army[20]
Army-POR-OR-09.svg Army-POR-OR-08.svg Army-POR-OR-07.svg Army-POR-OR-06.svg Army-POR-OR-05a.svg Army-POR-OR-05b.svg Army-POR-OR-05c.svg Army-POR-OR-04a.svg Army-POR-OR-04b.svg Army-POR-OR-03.svg Army-POR-OR-02.svg Army-POR-OR-01.svg
Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Furriel Segundo-furriel Cabo de secção Cabo-adjunto Primeiro-cabo Segundo-cabo Soldado
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Romanian Land Forces[21]
RO ARMY OR-9.png RO ARMY OR-8.png RO ARMY OR-7.png RO ARMY OR-6a.png RO ARMY OR-6.png RO ARMY OR-5.png Romania-Army-OR-4c.svg Romania-Army-OR-4b.svg Romania-Army-OR-4a.svg Romania-Army-OR-3.svg RO ARMY OR-1.png
Plutonier adjutant principal Plutonier adjutant Plutonier-major Plutonier Sergent-major Sergent Caporal clasa I Caporal clasa a II-a Caporal clasa a III-a Fruntaş Soldat


 Slovak Ground Forces[22]
Army-SVK-OR-08a.svg Army-SVK-OR-08b.svg Army-SVK-OR-07.svg Army-SVK-OR-06.svg Army-SVK-OR-05.svg Army-SVK-OR-04.svg Army-SVK-OR-03.svg Army-SVK-OR-02.svg Army-SVK-OR-01a.svg
Štábný nadrotmajster Nadrotmajster Rotmajster Rotný Čatár Desiatnik Slobodník Vojak 2. stupňa Vojak 1. stupňa


 Slovenian Ground Force[23]
11-Slovenian Army-SMAF.svg 10-Slovenian Army-CSM.svg 09-Slovenian Army-SGM.svg 08-Slovenian Army-FSG.svg 07-Slovenian Army-MSG.svg 06-Slovenian Army-SFC.svg 05-Slovenian Army-SSG.svg 04-Slovenian Army-SGT.svg 03-Slovenian Army-MCP.svg 02-Slovenian Army-CPL.svg 01-Slovenian Army-LCP.svg 00-Slovenian Army-PVT.svg
Višji štabni praporščak Štabni praporščak Višji praporščak Praporščak Višji štabni vodnik Štabni vodnik Višji vodnik Vodnik Naddesetnik Desetnik Poddesetnik Vojak


 Spanish Army[24]
14ej.png 15ej.png 16ej.png 17ej.png 18ej.png 19ej.png 20ej.png 21ej.png 22ej.png 23eje.png
Suboficial mayor Subteniente Brigada Sargento primero Sargento Cabo mayor Cabo primero Cabo Soldado de primera Soldado
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Turkish Land Forces[25]
Army-TUR-OR-07-1.svg Army-TUR-OR-07-2.svg Army-TUR-OR-07.svg Army-TUR-OR-07a.svg Army-TUR-OR-06a.svg Army-TUR-OR-06b.svg Astsubay Astçavuş (Yedek Astsubay) 2020.svg TR-Army-OR5a.svg Army-TUR-OR-05.svg TR-Army-OR4a.svg Army-TUR-OR-04.svg No equivalent No insignia
Astsubay kıdemli başçavuş Astsubay başçavuş Astsubay kıdemli üstçavuş Astsubay üstçavuş Astsubay kıdemli çavuş Astsubay çavuş Astsubay astçavuş Uzman çavuş Çavuş Uzman onbaşı Onbaşı Er


 British Army[26]
British Army Sergeant Major.svg British Army OR-9b.svg British Army OR-9a.svg British Army OR-8b.svg British Army OR-8a.svg British Army OR-7.svg British Army OR-6.svg
British Army OR-4.svg British Army OR-3.svg No insignia
Warrant officer class 1 Warrant officer class 2 Staff/Colour sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Private
(or equivalent)


 United States Army[27]
USA SEAC (Army greens).svg Army-USA-OR-09a (Army greens).svg Army-USA-OR-09b (Army greens).svg Army-USA-OR-09c (Army greens).svg Army-USA-OR-08a (Army greens).svg Army-USA-OR-08b (Army greens).svg Army-USA-OR-07 (Army greens).svg Army-USA-OR-06 (Army greens).svg Army-USA-OR-05 (Army greens).svg Army-USA-OR-04a (Army greens).svg Army-USA-OR-04b (Army greens).svg Army-USA-OR-03 (Army greens).svg Army-USA-OR-02 (Army greens).svg No insignia
Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman Sergeant Major of the Army Command sergeant major Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Specialist Private first class Private Private
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Greece has only one level of Warrant Officer. According to the current issue (2021) of STANAG 2116, the Greek Warrant Officers are included in OR-9, however they are afforded the privileges of an officer. See STANAG 2116 note 29, page D-9

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GRADAT, FORCA TOKËSORE" (PDF). aaf.mil.al (in Albanian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  2. ^ "ЗАКОН ЗА ОТБРАНАТА И ВЪОРЪЖЕНИТЕ СИЛИ НА РЕПУБЛИКА БЪЛГАРИЯ". lex.bg (in Bulgarian). Глава седма. ВОЕННА СЛУЖБА. 12 May 2009. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Ranks and appointment". canada.ca. Government of Canada. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Oznake činova". osrh.hr (in Croatian). Republic of Croatia Armed Forces. 1 April 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  5. ^ "Ranks". army.cz. Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic. 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Hærens Gradstegn" (PDF). forsvaret.dk (in Danish). Danish Defence. 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Sümboolika: Maaväe Auastmed". mil.ee (in Estonian). Estonian Defence Forces. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  8. ^ Instruction N° 10300/DEF/EMAT/LOG/ASH (PDF) (in French). Staff of the French Army. 13 June 2005. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  9. ^ "Dienstgradabzeichen Heer". bundeswehr.de (in German). Bundeswehr. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Διακριτικά Φ/Π Στολών Υπαξιωματικών Αποφοίτων ΣΜΥ" [Badges F / P Uniforms of Non-Commissioned Officer Graduates]. army.gr (in Greek). Hellenic Army. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  11. ^ Andrea, Kánya (6 May 2009). "A gallér és az ötágú csillag". honvedelem.hu (in Hungarian). Hungarian Defence Forces. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  12. ^ "i gradi dell'Esercito Italiano - distintivi di incarico e funzionali" (PDF). esercito.difesa.it (in Italian). Italian Army. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  13. ^ "Pakāpju iedalījums". mil.lv/lv (in Latvian). Latvian National Armed Forces. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Karių laipsnių ženklai". kariuomene.kam.lt (in Lithuanian). Ministry of National Defence (Lithuania). Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  15. ^ "Grades". Armee.lu. Luxembourg Army. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  16. ^ "УРЕДБА ЗА ОЗНАКИТЕ ЗА УНИФОРМИТЕ НА АРМИЈАТА НА РЕПУБЛИКА СЕВЕРНА МАКЕДОНИЈА" [Regulation on the Markings for the Uniforms of the Army of the Republic Northern of Macedonia]. dejure.mk (in Macedonian). 12 November 2020. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  17. ^ "De rangonderscheidingstekens van de krijgsmacht" (PDF) (in Dutch). Ministry of Defence (Netherlands). 19 December 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  18. ^ "Militære grader". forsvaret.no (in Norwegian). Norwegian Armed Forces. 4 February 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  19. ^ "Sposób noszenia odznak stopni wojskowych na umundurowaniu wojsk Lądowych i sił Powietrznych" (PDF). wojsko-polskie.pl (in Polish). Armed Forces Support Inspectorate. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  20. ^ "POSTOS E DISTINTIVOS EXÉRCITO". antigo.mdn.gov.pt (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 1 March 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  21. ^ "Grade militare (Military ranks)". defense.ro (in Romanian). Romanian Defence Staff. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  22. ^ "Označenie vojenských hodností príslušníkov Ozbrojených síl Slovenskej republiky od 1.1.2016" [Designation of military ranks of members of the Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic from 1.1.2016]. vhu.sk (in Slovak). Military History Institute. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  23. ^ "Čini in razredi". slovenskavojska.si (in Slovenian). Slovenian Armed Forces. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  24. ^ "Army Ranks & Insignia". ejercito.defensa.gob.es. Ministry of Defence (Spain). Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  25. ^ "Kara Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı Rütbe ve İşaretleri". Official army (in Turkish). Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  26. ^ "Rank structure". army.mod.uk. British Army. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  27. ^ "U.S. Army Ranks". army.mil. United States Army. Retrieved 27 May 2021.

External links[edit]