Montenegro–Ukraine relations

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Montenegrin-Ukrainian relations
Map indicating locations of Montenegro and Ukraine

Montenegro

Ukraine

Formal Montenegro-Ukrainian relations began on June 15, 2006 when Ukraine recognized Montenegro, less than two weeks after the Parliament of Montenegro declared the independence of Montenegro from Serbia.[1] Both countries established diplomatic relations on August 22, 2006. Ukraine has an embassy in Montenegro. In 2008, Montenegrin Government expressed intentions of opening embassy in Kiev.[2] Although economic ties are weak, Montenegro is a transit point for human trafficking between Ukraine and the rest of Europe.[3]

Official visits and statements[edit]

In 2006, Montenegrin President Filip Vujanovic visited President of Ukraine Victor Yushchenko.[4][5] In October 2008 Professor Željko Radulović, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Montenegro to Ukraine, presented his letters of credence to the Ukrainian President.[6] In December 2008 the Ukrainian non-resident extraordinary and plenipotentiary ambassador Anatoliy Oliynyk was dismissed and replaced by Oksana Slyusarenko.[7] In February 2009 The Montenegrin Deputy Prime Minister and the Minister of Finance, Igor Lukšić met Oksana Slysarenko and discussed common interests including banking and economic cooperation.[8]

In July 2009, on Montenegro's third anniversary as an independent state, President of Ukraine Victor Yushchenko sent his congratulation to President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic.[9] Later that month Ukraine's Deputy Premier for European and International Integration met his Montenegrin counterpart and expressed support for Montenegro's aspirations for European integration.[10]

Agreements[edit]

In September 2006, the two countries agreed to cooperate in fighting money laundering.[11] In March 2008 Ukraine said it was initiating an agreement on visa free travel with Montenegro.[12] In October 2008, the Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and Montenegro initialed an agreement on friendship and cooperation between two countries.[13] In June 2009 the two governments signed an agreement on mutual assistance in customs matters.[14]

Human trafficking[edit]

Montenegro has been identified as a transit point for human trafficking between Ukraine and the European Union.[3] Vulnerable groups in Ukraine include women in prostitution, unaccompanied foreign minors, ethnic Romani and foreign construction workers.[15] The "Balkan route" is a notorious path for sex-trade traffickers from Eastern European countries such as Ukraine.[16] However, Montenegro has denied UN allegations on human trafficking.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PRESS RELEASE: Government of the Republic of Ukraine recognizes the Republic of Montenegro as an independent and sovereign state". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Jun 15, 2006. Retrieved 2009-08-02. [dead link]
  2. ^ Interfax-Ukraine news agency, Kiev - October 14, 2008 "Ukraine, Montenegro to exchange diplomatic missions" Check |url= value (help). Interfax-Ukraine news agency, Kiev. October 14, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  3. ^ a b "Trafficking in Persons Report 2009 - Montenegro". United States Department of State. Archived from the original on 2012-10-08. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  4. ^ "Montenegrin President Filip Vujanovic visits Ukraine". ForUm. 27 September 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-12-14. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  5. ^ "Yushchenko meets Filip Vujanovic". UNIAN Agency. 2006-09-27. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  6. ^ "H.E. Dr. Željko Radulovic presents his letters of credence to the President of Ukraine". Njegoskij Fund. October 16, 2008. Archived from the original on 2009-01-07. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  7. ^ "Ukraine replaces ambassador to Montenegro". UNIAN Kiev. December 1, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  8. ^ "Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, Igor Lukšic, PhD, met with the Ambassador of Ukraine Ms. Oksana Slyusarenko". Montenegro Ministry of Finance. Feb 11, 2009. Archived from the original on March 17, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  9. ^ "Yushchenko congratulated President of Montenegro". UNIAN News Agency. 2009-07-13. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  10. ^ "Ukraine backs Montenegro's Eurointegration bids". Black Sea Association of National News Agencies. 2009-07-15. Archived from the original on 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  11. ^ "Ukraine and Montenegro to cooperate fighting money laundering". ForUM Agency. 21 September 2006. Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  12. ^ "Ukraine Initiating Visa Free Regime With Montenegro". Park.ru (Russia). 2008-03-24. Retrieved 2009-08-02. [permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and Montenegro initiale agreement on friendship and cooperation between two countries". The National Radio Company of Ukraine. 2008-10-14. Archived from the original on 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  14. ^ "State Customs Service: Agreement between Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and Government of Montenegro on mutual assistance in customs matters signed". Ukrainian government. 2009-06-18. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  15. ^ H. Richard Friman, Simon Reich (2007). Tafficking, human security, and the Balkans. Univ of Pittsburgh Press. p. 69ff. ISBN 0-8229-5974-7. 
  16. ^ "Sex Traffickers Prey On Eastern Europeans". Radio Free Europe. August 23, 2005. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  17. ^ "Montenegrin official condemns UN human trafficking report.". BBC Monitoring International Reports. May 25, 2003. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 

External links[edit]