NGC 6752

Coordinates: Sky map 19h 10m 51.8s, −59° 58′ 54.7″
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NGC 6752
NGC 6752 by Hubble Space Telescope; 3.5 view
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Right ascension19h 10m 52.11s[2]
Declination–59° 59′ 04.4″[2]
Distance13.0 kly (4.0 kpc)[3]
Apparent magnitude (V)5.4 [4]
Apparent dimensions (V)20.4
Physical characteristics
Mass1.4×105[5] M
Metallicity = –1.24[6] dex
Estimated age11.78 Gyr[6]
Other designationsCaldwell 93
See also: Globular cluster, List of globular clusters

NGC 6752 (also known as Caldwell 93 and nicknamed the Great Peacock Globular[7]) is a globular cluster in the constellation Pavo.[8] It is the fourth-brightest globular cluster in the sky, after Omega Centauri, 47 Tucanae and Messier 22, respectively. It is best seen from June to October in the Southern Hemisphere.[9]

NGC 6752 was first identified by one James Dunlop of Parramatta on 30 June 1826, who described it as an irregular bright nebula which could be resolved into a cluster of many stars, highly compressed at the centre. This corresponds with a core region densely populated with stars around 1.3 light-years in diameter, which indicates it has undergone core collapse. The cluster lies around 13,000 light-years distant and is one of the closer globular clusters to Earth. It also lies 17,000 light-years away from the galactic centre.[8] It belongs to Shapley–Sawyer Concentration Class VI, namely of intermediate density,[1] and has been calculated to be 11.78 billion years old.[6] There are many binary stars in the system, as well as blue stragglers, which are likely to have been formed by collisions and mergers of smaller stars.

The apparent magnitude of the cluster is 5.4, so it can be seen with the unaided eye.[8] However this depends on good viewing conditions with a minimum of light pollution.[9] With binoculars it can be seen to cover an area three quarters the size of the full moon. It lies 1.5 degrees east of 5th-magnitude Omega Pavonis.[8] The nearest bright star is Peacock, which lies 3.25 degrees north and 9.25 degrees east.[9]

Six X-ray sources have been identified in the cluster's core by the Chandra X-Ray Observatory.[9]



  1. ^ a b Shapley, Harlow; Sawyer, Helen B. (August 1927), "A Classification of Globular Clusters", Harvard College Observatory Bulletin, 849 (849): 11–14, Bibcode:1927BHarO.849...11S.
  2. ^ a b Goldsbury, Ryan; et al. (December 2010), "The ACS Survey of Galactic Globular Clusters. X. New Determinations of Centers for 65 Clusters", The Astronomical Journal, 140 (6): 1830–1837, arXiv:1008.2755, Bibcode:2010AJ....140.1830G, doi:10.1088/0004-6256/140/6/1830, S2CID 119183070.
  3. ^ Boyles, J.; et al. (November 2011), "Young Radio Pulsars in Galactic Globular Clusters", The Astrophysical Journal, 742 (1): 51, arXiv:1108.4402, Bibcode:2011ApJ...742...51B, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/742/1/51, S2CID 118649860.
  4. ^ "NGC 6752". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2007-04-21.
  5. ^ Marks, Michael; Kroupa, Pavel (August 2010), "Initial conditions for globular clusters and assembly of the old globular cluster population of the Milky Way", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 406 (3): 2000–2012, arXiv:1004.2255, Bibcode:2010MNRAS.406.2000M, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16813.x, S2CID 118652005. Mass is from MPD on Table 1.
  6. ^ a b c Forbes, Duncan A.; Bridges, Terry (May 2010), "Accreted versus in situ Milky Way globular clusters", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 404 (3): 1203–1214, arXiv:1001.4289, Bibcode:2010MNRAS.404.1203F, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16373.x, S2CID 51825384.
  7. ^ Chadwick, S; Cooper, I (11 December 2012). Imaging the Southern Sky. New York: Springer. p. 242. ISBN 978-1461447498.
  8. ^ a b c d O'Meara, Stephen James (2013). Deep-Sky Companions: Southern Gems. Cambridge University Press. pp. 410–12. ISBN 978-1-107-01501-2.
  9. ^ a b c d Mobberley, Martin (1999). The Caldwell Objects And How to Observe Them. Springer. pp. 194–95. ISBN 978-1-4419-0326-6.
  10. ^ "Hubble fortuitously discovers a new galaxy in the cosmic neighbourhood". Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Low Sodium Diet Key to Old Age for Stars". ESO Press Release. Retrieved 30 May 2013.

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