NGC 4945

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NGC 4945
NGC 4945 image take by the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope at La Silla Observatory.
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Constellation Centaurus
Right ascension 13h 05m 27.5s[1]
Declination −49° 28′ 06″[1]
Redshift 563 ± 3 km/s[1]
Distance 11.7 Mly (3.6 Mpc)[2]
Type SB(s)cd[1]
Apparent dimensions (V) 20′.0 × 3′.8[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 9.3[1]
Other designations
PGC 45279,[1] Caldwell 83
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

Coordinates: Sky map 13h 05m 27.5s, −49° 28′ 06″

NGC 4945 is a barred spiral galaxy in the constellation Centaurus, and near the bright star, Zeta Centauri.[3] The galaxy was discovered by James Dunlop in 1826 and is thought to be similar to the Milky Way Galaxy, although X-ray observations show that NGC 4945 has an unusual energetic Seyfert 2 nucleus that might house a large black hole.[4]

Galaxy group[edit]

NGC 4945 one of the brightest galaxies of the Centaurus A/M83 Group, a large, nearby group of galaxies. The galaxy is the second brightest galaxy in the subgroup centered on Centaurus A.[2][5]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 4945. Retrieved 2006-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b I. D. Karachentsev; M. E. Sharina; A. E. Dolphin; E. K. Grebel; et al. (2002). "New distances to galaxies in the Centaurus A group". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 385 (1): 21–31. Bibcode:2002A&A...385...21K. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20020042. 
  3. ^, NGC 4945 : DOCdb :Deep Sky Observer's Companion – the online database
  4. ^ "Milky Way's Not-So-Distant Cousin Likely Harbors Supermassive Black Hole". Science Daily. 
  5. ^ I. D. Karachentsev (2005). "The Local Group and Other Neighboring Galaxy Groups". Astronomical Journal. 129 (1): 178–188. arXiv:astro-ph/0410065free to read. Bibcode:2005AJ....129..178K. doi:10.1086/426368. 

External links[edit]