Naledi Pandor

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Naledi Pandor

Minister N Pandor - TWAS (2010) (cropped).jpg
Pandor in 2010
Minister of International Relations and Cooperation
Assumed office
30 May 2019
PresidentCyril Ramaphosa
DeputyAlvin Botes
Candith Mashego-Dlamini
Preceded byLindiwe Sisulu
Minister of Higher Education and Training
In office
27 February 2018 – 29 May 2019
PresidentCyril Ramaphosa
DeputyButi Manamela
Preceded byHlengiwe Mkhize
Succeeded byMinistry split
Minister of Science and Technology
In office
26 May 2014 – 26 February 2018
PresidentJacob Zuma
Cyril Ramaphosa
DeputyZanele kaMagwaza-Msibi
Preceded byDerek Hanekom
Succeeded byNkhensani Kubayi-Ngubane
In office
10 May 2009 – 4 October 2012
PresidentJacob Zuma
DeputyZanele kaMagwaza-Msibi
Preceded byMosibudi Mangena
Succeeded byDerek Hanekom
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
4 October 2012 – 25 May 2014
Acting: 2 – 4 October 2012
PresidentJacob Zuma
DeputyFatima Chohan
Preceded byNkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
Succeeded byMalusi Gigaba
Minister of Education
In office
12 May 2004 – 10 May 2009
PresidentThabo Mbeki
Kgalema Motlanthe
DeputyEnver Surty
Preceded byKader Asmal
Succeeded byMinistry split
Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces
In office
21 June 1999 – 4 May 2004
PresidentThabo Mbeki
Preceded byMosiuoa Lekota
Succeeded byJoyce Kgoali
Personal details
Born
Grace Naledi Mandisa Matthews

(1953-12-07) 7 December 1953 (age 66)
Durban, Natal Province, Union of South Africa
Political partyAfrican National Congress
Spouse(s)Sharif Joseph Pandor
Relations
Children4
Alma mater

Grace Naledi Mandisa Pandor (née Matthews; born 7 December 1953) is a South African academic, educationist, lecturer and politician serving as the Minister of International Relations and Cooperation since 2019. She has served as a Member of Parliament (MP) for the African National Congress (ANC) since 1994.

Born in Durban, Pandor completed high school in Botswana. She qualified as a teacher and taught at multiple schools and universities, whilst she achieved various degrees from different universities.[1] Pandor took office as a Member of Parliament in 1994.[1] She soon became Deputy Chief Whip of the ANC caucus in 1995.[1] She was elected Deputy Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces in 1998 and became Chairperson in 1999.[1]

She initially became a member of the national cabinet in 2004, following President Thabo Mbeki's decision to appoint her as Minister of Education.[2] She retained her post in the cabinet of Kgalema Motlanthe. Newly-elected President Jacob Zuma named her Minister of Science and Technology in 2009.[3] She served in the position until her appointment as Minister of Home Affairs in 2012.[4] She returned to the post of Minister of Science and Technology in 2014 and held it until 2018, when she became Minister of Higher Education and Training in the first cabinet of President Cyril Ramaphosa.[5][6]

After the 2019 general elections, Pandor was mentioned as a possible candidate for Deputy President of South Africa.[7] She was instead appointed Minister of International Relations and Cooperation.[8]

Early life and education[edit]

Grace Naledi Mandisa Matthews was born on 7 December 1953 in Durban, Natal to Regina Thelma (died 2002) and Joe Matthews (1929–2010), a political and anti-apartheid activist and the son of black academic Z.K. Matthews (1901–1968).[9][10] She received her primary and secondary education in Botswana. She matriculated from Gaborone Secondary School. She soon achieved a Certificate for Continuing Education and bachelor's degree from both the University of Swaziland and the University of Botswana during the period of 1973 and 1977.[1] She proceeded to head overseas and fulfilled a Diploma in Education and an MA degree from the University of London between 1978 and 1979.[1][11]

Pandir obtained a Diploma in Higher Education, Administration and Leadership from Bryn Mawr Summer Programme in 1992, and soon enrolled at the Kennedy School of Government to receive Diploma in Leadership in Development in 1997. She also attained an MA degree in Linguistics from University of Stellenbosch in the same year.[1] Pandor received her PhD in Education at the University of Pretoria in 2019, with a thesis titled "The contested meaning of transformation in higher education in post-apartheid South Africa".[11][12][13]

Teaching career[edit]

Pandor became a teacher at the Ernest Bevin School in London in 1980. She was soon employed as a teacher in Gaborone in 1981 and worked as one until 1984. She proceeded to serve as an instructor at the Taung College of Education from 1984 to 1986. Pandor worked as a senior lecturer in English at the University of Bophuthatswana from 1986 to 1989. She soon worked as a senior fellow in the Academic Support Programme of the University of Cape Town between 1989 and 1994.[11]

While at the University of Bophuthatswana, Pandor served as the chair of the university's Union of Democratic Staff Associations between 1988 and 1990. She was appointed the chairperson of the Western Cape National Executive Committee of the National Education Coordinating Committee in 1991 and served in the position until 1993. At that exact time, she was part of the ANC's Western Cape Education Committee.[11]

Additionally, Pandor chaired the ANC Athlone Central branch, whilst serving as both the head of the Desmond Tutu Education Trust and the Western Cape School Building Trust.[11]

During 1992 and 1995, she worked as deputy head of the Tertiary Education Fund of South Africa. She soon became head of the fund. She was also deputy chairperson of the Joint Education Trust Board of Trustees between 1993 and 2001.[11]

She was chancellor of Cape Technikon from 2002 to 2004. During the same period, she was a member of the governing council of the University of Fort Hare.[11]

Parliamentary career[edit]

Pandor at the opening exhibition of the German-South African Science Year in Cape Town in 2012

Pandor became a Member of the Parliament in the lower house of Parliament, the National Assembly, following the 1994 general elections.[14] Within the ANC caucus, she served as Deputy Chief Whip from 1995 until her deployment to the upper house of Parliament, the National Council of Provinces, in 1998. She served as Deputy Chairperson until her appointment as Chairperson following the 1999 general elections. She succeeded inaugural Chairperson Mosioua Lekota when she assumed the office on 21 June 1999. She was the first woman to hold the role. Joyce Kgoali succeeded Pandor in 2004 and consequently became the second woman to hold the role.[14]

Pandor returned to the National Assembly following the 2004 general elections. President Thabo Mbeki appointed her to the role of Minister of Education. She took office on 12 May 2004.[15] During her tenure in the portfolio, she was responsible for a complete overhaul of the nation's education system. Pandor initiated reforms to the country's failed implementation of the outcomes-based education (OBE) system.[16] Mbeki resigned in 2008 and left Kgalema Motlanthe in charge. Motlanthe retained Pandor in her position in his interim cabinet.[14][17][18]

Pandor and her ministerial counterparts at the 4th BRICS Science & Technology Ministers Meeting in 2016

Following the 2009 general elections, Jacob Zuma became the new President of South Africa. He unbundled the Education Ministry into two new portfolios and appointed Pandor to the newly-established post of Minister of Science and Technology in May 2009.[19][20] During her time in the position, Pandor served as a driving force for South Africa to host the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) in the Karoo region. South Africa won the bid.[14][21][22][23]

In October 2012, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma resigned as Minister of Home Affairs in order for her to take up the role as Chair of the African Union.[24] Her resignation caused a vacancy in the cabinet. President Jacob Zuma consequently appointed Pandor as Minister of Home Affairs in an acting capacity on 2 October 2012.[25] Soon after on 4 October 2012, Zuma formally appointed her as Minister of Home Affairs.[14][26]

Following her re-election in the 2014 general elections, President Zuma announced that Pandor would return to the Department of Science and Technology.[27][28] Malusi Gigaba succeeded her as Minister of Home Affairs.[29] She took office on 26 May 2014 and succeeded Derek Hanekom.[14][30][31]

Cyril Ramaphosa assumed the office of President in February 2018. Pandor was appointed Minister of Higher Education and Training and took office on 27 February 2018, succeeding Hlengiwe Mkhize.[32][33][34]

After the 2019 general elections, the Ministry of Higher Education and Training was split. Pandor was speculated to be appointed Deputy President of South Africa.[35] She was President Ramaphosa's original choice for Deputy President back in 2017 at the ANC's elective conference.[36] She was instead appointed Minister of International Relations and Cooperation and assumed the post on 30 May 2019.[37]

Personal life[edit]

Pandor is married to Sharif Joseph Pandor, whom she met while studying in Botswana, and they have four children together, Fazlur, Aisha, Suraya and Haroon. She converted to Islam after she met her husband. Her in-laws gave her the Islamic name of Nadia. On her religious conversion, Pandor said: "My parents said God is God. As long as you worship Him we will support you and the Islamic principles are universal. Certainly, Islam demands much more of you in terms of observance."[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Ministers". Mail & Guardian. 1 December 2005. Archived from the original on 10 November 2019. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  2. ^ "Meet Mbeki's 'delivery' team". IOL. 29 April 2004. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Jacob Zuma announces cabinet choices". Politicsweb. 10 May 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Cabinet reshuffle on cards". IOL. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  5. ^ Nicolson, Greg (26 May 2014). "Who's Who of the Zuma's new Cabinet". The Daily Maverick. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  6. ^ Hunter, Qaanitah (26 February 2018). "Ramaphosa swings the axe, cuts 13 from Zuma's Cabinet". TimesLIVE. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  7. ^ "Calls mount for SA to appoint female deputy president". eNCA. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  8. ^ Du Plessis, Carien (31 May 2019). "Diplomats hail Naledi Pandor's new International Relations job". The Daily Maverick. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
  9. ^ "Former deputy minister Joe Matthews dies". Mail & Guardian. 19 August 2010.
  10. ^ "Minister Naledi Pandor's father, Joe Matthews, dies". South African Government. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "Higher education's Naledi Pandor caps string of qualifications with doctorate". TimesLIVE. 16 April 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  12. ^ Petersen, Tammy (16 April 2019). "Minister Pandor walks the walk, graduating with PhD in Education". News24. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  13. ^ "LOOK: 'She continues to inspire us': Naledi Pandor awarded PhD". IOL. Pretoria, Gauteng. 16 April 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d e f "EXPLAINER: Who is Naledi Pandor?". eNCA. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  15. ^ "Mbeki's cabinet list". News24. 28 April 2004. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  16. ^ "Own-language schooling, for free". Brand South Africa. 18 May 2005. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  17. ^ "Motlanthe sworn in as interim president". Mail & Guardian. 25 September 2008. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  18. ^ "President Motlanthe's new cabinet". Brand South Africa. 26 September 2008. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  19. ^ Rossouw, Mandy (10 May 2009). "Zuma's Cabinet: Those who didn't make the cut". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  20. ^ "South Africa Cabinet Members 2009 to 2010". South African History Online. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  21. ^ Tshivhidzo, Edwin (31 March 2010). "SA will win bid to host SKA - Pandor". SA News. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  22. ^ Davies, Richard (15 February 2012). "South Africa eyes SKA telescope with bated breath". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  23. ^ "President Zuma congratulates Minister of Science and Technology on winning the bid to host the SKA". South African Government. 25 May 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  24. ^ Maasho, Aaron (16 July 2012). "Dlamini-Zuma elected to head AU Commission". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  25. ^ "Pandor appointed acting home affairs minister". Mail & Guardian. 2 October 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  26. ^ Maharaj, Mac (3 October 2012). "Naledi Pandor appointed Home Affairs minister - Presidency". Politicsweb. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  27. ^ "Complete list of cabinet ministers". eNCA. 25 May 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  28. ^ "Zuma shakes things up with new Cabinet". eNCA. 25 May 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  29. ^ Peyper, Lindsey (31 March 2017). "Gigaba in hot seat as new Finance Minister". News24. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  30. ^ Quintal, Genevieve (26 May 2014). "Marathon swearing-in for Zuma's Cabinet". IOL. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  31. ^ "Zuma names new cabinet". SowetanLIVE. 26 May 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  32. ^ Rabkin, Franny; Pather, Ra'eesa (26 February 2018). "New deputy president, finance minister announced in major Cabinet reshuffle". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 24 September 2019. Minister of Higher education - Naledi Pandor
  33. ^ "Who is in and who is out: Ramaphosa's Cabinet reshuffle". News24. 26 February 2018. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  34. ^ "IN FULL Ramaphosa hires and fires - read his Cabinet reshuffle speech". TimesLIVE. 26 February 2018. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  35. ^ "Dlamini-Zuma, Pandor tipped to become deputy president". News24. 22 May 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  36. ^ Nicolson, Greg (18 December 2017). "#ANCdecides2017: The Top Six that could have been". The Daily Maverick. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  37. ^ "Introducing the executives Cyril Ramaphosa has chosen to serve SA". BusinessDay. 30 May 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  38. ^ "Humble and willing to learn: Naledi Pandor is leading by example". The Sunday Times. 19 May 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2019.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Lindiwe Sisulu
Minister of International Relations and Cooperation
2019–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Hlengiwe Mkhize
Minister of Higher Education and Training
2018–2019
Succeeded by
Ministry split
Preceded by
Derek Hanekom
Minister of Science and Technology
2014–2018
Succeeded by
Nkhensani Kubayi-Ngubane
Preceded by
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
Minister of Home Affairs
2012–2014
Succeeded by
Malusi Gigaba
Preceded by
Mosibudi Mangena
Minister of Science and Technology
2009–2012
Succeeded by
Derek Hanekom
Preceded by
Kader Asmal
Minister of Education
2004–2009
Succeeded by
Ministry split
Preceded by
Mosiuoa Lekota
Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces
1999–2004
Succeeded by
Joyce Kgoali