National Negro Network
The National Negro Network was a black-oriented radio programming service in the United States founded on January 20, 1954 by Chicago advertiser W. Leonard Evans, Jr. It was the first black-owned radio network in the country, and its programming was broadcast on up to 45 affiliates. An article in the trade publication Broadcasting said that the network was expected "to reach approximately 12 million of the 15 million Negroes in America."
Evans was the network's president. Reggie Schuebel was vice president-treasurer, and John M. Wyatt was executive vice president.
The network featured a variety of different programming, including a popular soap opera The Story of Ruby Valentine, which was based on CBS's We Love and Learn and As the Twig is Bent, and starred Juanita Hall, Ruby Dee and Terry Carter. The serial was sponsored by, among others, Philip Morris and Pet Milk. Other short-lived series included The Life of Anna Lewis with Hilda Simms, and It's A Mystery Man with Cab Calloway.
Jason Chambers wrote in his book, Madison Avenue and the Color Line: African Americans in the Advertising Industry that Evans felt that advertising agencies were hesitant to recommend NNN to clients. "Agencies are aware of our existence and watch our growth closely," Evans said, "but ... are still reluctant to come right out and make a recommendation [for using] Negro radio, preferring to keep campaigns at a 'test' level while watching to see what others do."
- Evans, born in 1914 in Louisville, raised in South Chicago, published a magazine aimed at black readers called Tuesday in the 60s and 70s. He died May 22, 2007.  A 1965 interview can be heard here.
- "Radio: New Net". TIME Magazine. Dec 28, 1953. Retrieved 21 January 2011.
- Christopher H. Sterling (2003). Encyclopedia of radio. Taylor & Francis. pp. 277–8. ISBN 978-1-57958-249-4.
- "National Negro Network Formed" (PDF). Broadcasting. December 14, 1953. p. 74. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
- Jim Cox (2002). Say goodnight, Gracie: the last years of network radio. McFarland. p. 78. ISBN 978-0-7864-1168-9.
- William Barlow (1999). Voice over: the making of Black radio. Temple University Press. p. 334. ISBN 978-1-56639-667-7.
- Pat Browne (2001). The guide to United States popular culture. Popular Press. p. 97.
- Baraka, Rhonda (October 13, 2001). "For Three Decades, The Nation's Foremost Black Radio Network...". Billboard Magazine. 113 (41): 25. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Chambers, Jason (2011). Madison Avenue and the Color Line: African Americans in the Advertising Industry. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 85–88. ISBN 978-0812203851. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
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