Next Generation Nuclear Plant
A Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) is a generation IV very-high-temperature reactor (VHTR) that could be coupled to a neighboring hydrogen production facility. It could also produce electricity and supply process heat. Up to 30% of this heat could be used to produce hydrogen via high temperature electrolysis significantly reducing the cost of the process. The United States Department of Energy issued in 2007 a "request for expressions of interest from prospective industry teams" that want to provide design services for developing the NGNP.
With an earlier focus on South Africa's Pebble bed modular reactor, in 2012 Idaho National Laboratory approved a design similar to Areva's SC-HTGR (formerly Antares) reactor as the chosen Next Generation Nuclear Power Plant HTGR to be deployed as a prototype by 2021. It was in competition with General Atomics' Gas turbine modular helium reactor and Westinghouse' Pebble Bed Modular Reactor.
- Generation III reactor
- Nuclear reactor
- Fort St. Vrain Generating Station. The US's first large proof of concept helium cooled high temperature reactor.
- Pebble bed reactor
- Badwal, Sukhvinder P.S.; Giddey, Sarbjit; Munnings, Christopher. "Hydrogen production via solid electrolytic routes". Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment. 2 (5): 473–487. doi:10.1002/wene.50.
- "Next Generation Nuclear Plant revived". World Nuclear News. July 24, 2007.
- "INL approves Antares design".
- Next Generation Nuclear Plant Industry Alliance Limited
- ORNL NGNP page
- New Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project, Preliminary Point Design 2003
- The Next Generation Nuclear Plant - Insights Gained from the INEEL Point Design Studies 2004
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