Norman Wells

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Norman Wells

Tłegǫ́hłı̨

The Wells
Norman Wells from the air
Norman Wells from the air
Motto(s): 
Where Adventures Begin
Norman Wells is located in Northwest Territories
Norman Wells
Norman Wells
Norman Wells is located in Canada
Norman Wells
Norman Wells
Coordinates: 65°16′52″N 126°49′53″W / 65.28111°N 126.83139°W / 65.28111; -126.83139Coordinates: 65°16′52″N 126°49′53″W / 65.28111°N 126.83139°W / 65.28111; -126.83139
CountryCanada
TerritoryNorthwest Territories
RegionSahtu Region
ConstituencySahtu
Census divisionRegion 2
Incorporated (town)12 April 1992
Government
 • MayorNathan Watson[1]
 • Municipal AdministratorAllen Stanzell
 • MLADaniel McNeely
Area
 • Land82.86 km2 (31.99 sq mi)
Elevation
73 m (240 ft)
Population
(2016)[2]
 • Total778
 • Density9.4/km2 (24/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
Canadian Postal code
X0E 0V0
Area code(s)867
Telephone exchange587
- Living cost162.5A
- Food price index170.6B
Websitewww.normanwells.com
Sources:
Department of Municipal and Community Affairs,[3]
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre,[4]
Canada Flight Supplement[5]
^A 2013 figure based on Edmonton = 100[6]
^B 2015 figure based on Yellowknife = 100[6]

Norman Wells (Slavey language: Tłegǫ́hłı̨[pronunciation?] "where there is oil") is the regional centre for the Sahtu Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. The town is situated on the north side of the Mackenzie River and provides a view down the valley of the Franklin and Richardson Mountains.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1996840—    
1997808−3.8%
1998826+2.2%
1999747−9.6%
2000755+1.1%
2001762+0.9%
2002744−2.4%
2003798+7.3%
2004837+4.9%
2005826−1.3%
2006802−2.9%
YearPop.±%
2007821+2.4%
2008782−4.8%
2009779−0.4%
2010763−2.1%
2011772+1.2%
2012763−1.2%
2013789+3.4%
2014777−1.5%
2015805+3.6%
2016816+1.4%
2017809−0.9%
Sources: NWT Bureau of Statistics (2001 - 2017)[8]

According to the 2016 Census, the town has 778 people, a 7% increase from the last census.[2]

A total of 315 people identified as Indigenous, and of these, 195 were First Nations, 80 were Métis, 15 were Inuit and 20 gave multiple Indigenous responses. The main languages in the town are North Slavey and English. Of the population, 78.1% is 15 and older, with the median age being 32.8, slightly less than the NWT averages of 79.3% and 34.0.[2]

In 2012 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 809 with an average yearly growth rate of -0.1 from 2001.[6]

The artificial islands used as drilling platforms to the oil deposits underneath the Mackenzie River (Dehcho River) are clearly visible on take off from the Norman Wells airport, Norman Wells, Northwest Territories, Canada.

Oil was first seen by Alexander MacKenzie during his exploration of the river in 1789 but it was not until 1911 that an oil bearing formation was discovered. Imperial Oil, a major employer in the town, was established in the area in 1937 with a refinery built in 1939.[7]

During the Second World War, Norman Wells was deemed important as a source of oil for military operations in Alaska and the Yukon. The Canol Road and Canol pipeline project was undertaken to enable the piping of oil to Whitehorse, with the flow starting in 1944. Although Norman Wells crude was light and easily flowed at temperatures as low as −62 °C (−80 °F), the line did not work well and was shut down shortly after the war ended. The road, which began at Canol Camp across the river, was abandoned.[7] The Canol Heritage Trail is what remains of the road in the NWT.

The Norman Wells Proven Area Agreement of 1944 is a partnership between Imperial Oil and the federal government (administered by the Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada) that has lasted to this day. The completion of an oil pipeline from Norman Wells to Zama City in 1985 connected to the North American pipeline grid and resulted in increased activity.[9]

First Nations[edit]

The Norman Wells Metis, a Métis group which is signatory to the Sahtu Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement, are currently negotiating self-government powers and recently signed a framework agreement towards a new treaty.

Transportation[edit]

Norman Wells is accessible by navigating the Mackenzie River, in summer, or by driving over the winter ice road, December to March, that connects with Wrigley and Fort Simpson.[7] The most common method of travel into Norman Wells is by air via the Norman Wells Airport and the town is connected with both Yellowknife and Inuvik.[7] Scheduled flights are provided by Canadian North and North-Wright Airways. Beginning in June 2010, First Air offered a scheduled service into the community. In the summer floatplane access to the town is possible at the Norman Wells Water Aerodrome. During the summer months there are barge services, sealifts to the town by Northern Transportation Company Limited from Hay River and Cooper Barging Services from Fort Simpson.[7] Other aviation companies that have a presence in the community include Canadian Helicopters and Discovery Air.[10]

Services[edit]

Services include a three-member Royal Canadian Mounted Police detachment and a community health centre with two nurses with dental visits two or three times a year. There is a branch of the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce and two grocery stores including the Northern and Rampart Rentals along with three hotels and two restaurants. Norman Wells also has a liquor store and currently has the only one in the Sahtu Region. Phone service is provided by Northwestel with cable television and Internet access available.[11] Mobile phone services are available through Bell Mobility or Northwestel's Latitude Wireless service, which is now owned by Bell.[12][13] Former member of parliament for the Western Arctic, Ethel Blondin-Andrew, has a consulting service, Mountain Dene Ventures, in the town.[14]

Education[edit]

The community is part of the Sahtu Divisional Education Council and they operate, through the Norman Wells District Education Authority, the "Mackenzie Mountain School".[15][16] The school, which has an enrollment of 150, provides education from Junior Kindergarten to Grade 12.[17][18] Aurora College has a presence in the community with a community learning centre and a career centre.[12][13]

Climate[edit]

Norman Wells has a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc) with summer lasting for about three months. Although winter temperatures are usually below freezing, every month of the year has seen temperatures above 0 °C (32 °F). Rainfall averages 171.7 mm (6.76 in) and snowfall 161.5 cm (63.58 in). On average, there are 92.9 days, October to April, when the wind chill is below -30, which indicates that frostbite may occur within 10 – 30 minutes. There is an average of 35.9 days, November to April, when the wind chill is below -40, which indicates that frostbite may occur within 5 – 10 minutes.[19][20]

Climate data for Norman Wells Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 11.8 6.3 9.4 20.0 29.1 36.2 37.2 36.0 27.2 19.8 12.2 4.8 37.2
Record high °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
7.9
(46.2)
11.1
(52)
20.0
(68)
31.3
(88.3)
33.5
(92.3)
35.0
(95)
32.4
(90.3)
27.1
(80.8)
21.0
(69.8)
13.3
(55.9)
5.7
(42.3)
35.0
(95)
Average high °C (°F) −22.2
(−8)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−12.5
(9.5)
1.0
(33.8)
12.1
(53.8)
20.7
(69.3)
22.5
(72.5)
19.0
(66.2)
11.0
(51.8)
−1.6
(29.1)
−15.2
(4.6)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−0.4
(31.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −26.1
(−15)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−5.1
(22.8)
6.4
(43.5)
15.0
(59)
17.1
(62.8)
13.8
(56.8)
6.6
(43.9)
−4.7
(23.5)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−5.1
(22.8)
Average low °C (°F) −29.9
(−21.8)
−28.4
(−19.1)
−24.2
(−11.6)
−11.1
(12)
0.6
(33.1)
9.3
(48.7)
11.5
(52.7)
8.4
(47.1)
2.0
(35.6)
−7.7
(18.1)
−22.2
(−8)
−27.1
(−16.8)
−9.9
(14.2)
Record low °C (°F) −52.2
(−62)
−54.4
(−65.9)
−46.1
(−51)
−37.2
(−35)
−17.8
(0)
−2.8
(27)
−1.1
(30)
−6.1
(21)
−15.7
(3.7)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−42.8
(−45)
−47.8
(−54)
−54.4
(−65.9)
Record low wind chill −61.7 −60.2 −57.5 −43.8 −25.1 −6.9 0.0 −9.6 −17.7 −39.9 −52.4 −62.4 −62.4
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15.6
(0.614)
14.9
(0.587)
10.7
(0.421)
11.1
(0.437)
19.0
(0.748)
42.7
(1.681)
41.8
(1.646)
41.8
(1.646)
33.1
(1.303)
26.7
(1.051)
18.7
(0.736)
18.2
(0.717)
294.4
(11.591)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.2
(0.008)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.004)
1.2
(0.047)
13.3
(0.524)
42.4
(1.669)
41.8
(1.646)
41.1
(1.618)
26.7
(1.051)
4.6
(0.181)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.008)
171.7
(6.76)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 21.1
(8.31)
19.9
(7.83)
14.4
(5.67)
12.8
(5.04)
6.4
(2.52)
0.4
(0.16)
0.0
(0)
0.7
(0.28)
6.9
(2.72)
27.3
(10.75)
26.0
(10.24)
25.9
(10.2)
161.5
(63.58)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 10.9 9.4 9.9 7.2 6.9 10.3 11.8 11.7 12.4 13.9 12.6 12.5 129.4
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.8 5.0 10.2 11.8 11.6 10.2 2.7 0.1 0.2 53.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 11.5 10.1 10.4 6.9 2.9 0.2 0.0 0.2 3.4 13.3 13.6 13.0 85.4
Average relative humidity (%) 65.6 61.4 54.6 52.8 47.1 46.3 50.9 56.7 62.9 76.0 72.8 67.9 59.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 31.8 75.8 166.5 220.0 331.0 300.2 273.7 232.9 139.0 56.0 15.3 9.7 1,852
Percent possible sunshine 20.6 32.5 45.9 48.2 56.6 45.6 43.4 45.0 35.2 18.6 8.2 8.4 34.0
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mayor Blog
  2. ^ a b c d "Census Profile, 2016 Census Norman Wells, Town [Census subdivision], Northwest Territories and Northwest Territories [Territory]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  3. ^ "NWT Communities - Norman Wells". Government of the Northwest Territories: Department of Municipal and Community Affairs. Retrieved 2014-01-16.
  4. ^ "Northwest Territories Official Community Names and Pronunciation Guide". Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre. Yellowknife: Education, Culture and Employment, Government of the Northwest Territories. Archived from the original on 2016-01-13. Retrieved 2016-01-13.
  5. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 19 July 2018 to 0901Z 13 September 2018.
  6. ^ a b c Norman Wells - Statistical Profile at the GNWT
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Norman Wells profile". Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012.
  8. ^ Population Estimates By Community from the GNWT
  9. ^ https://www.energy.alberta.ca/AU/History/Documents/ArcticEnergyGatewayCanatec.pdf pg23
  10. ^ Great Slave Heli/Discovery Air/Sahtu Helicopters
  11. ^ Internet
  12. ^ a b Northwestel
  13. ^ a b Infrastructure
  14. ^ Doing Business in Norman Wells
  15. ^ Sahtu Divisional Education Council
  16. ^ Community Groups
  17. ^ Mackenzie Mountain School at the SDEC
  18. ^ Official school site
  19. ^ Wind Chill Hazards and Risk of Frostbite Archived 17 December 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ a b "Norman Wells A" (CSV (3069 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2202800. Retrieved 2014-01-09.

External links[edit]