List of municipalities in the Northwest Territories

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Map of Canada with Northwest Territories highlighted in red
Location of the Northwest Territories in Canada
Map showing locations of all municipalities of the Northwest Territories
Distribution of the Northwest Territories' 24 municipalities by type
Skyline of downtown Yellowknife
Skyline of downtown Yellowknife
Street in Hay River
Hay River, the territory's largest town and second-largest community
View of Richardson Mountains from Inuvik
Inuvik, the third-largest municipality in the Northwest Territories
Dwellings in Behchokǫ̀ on the shore of Great Slave Lake
Behchokǫ̀, the territory's largest Tlicho community

The Northwest Territories is the most populous of Canada's three territories with 41,070 residents as of 2021 and is the second-largest territory in land area at 1,127,712 km2 (435,412 sq mi).[1] The Northwest Territories' 24 municipalities cover only 0.2% of the territory's land mass but are home to 96% of its population.[1][2][3]

According to the Cities, Towns and Villages Act (CTVA), the Hamlets Act and the Charter Communities Act (CCA), all of which were enacted in 2003, a municipality is an area within a city, town, village, hamlet or charter community that was established or continued by a legislative order.[4][5][6] The Tlicho Community Government Act (TCGA), enacted in 2004, also considers community governments as municipal corporations alongside charter communities, cities, hamlets, towns and villages.[7]

Yellowknife is the capital of the Northwest Territories and its only city, while Fort Simpson is its only village. Of the remaining 22 municipalities, three of them are charter communities, four are community governments of the Tlicho people, eleven are hamlets and four are towns.[3] The CTVA, the Hamlets Act, the CCA and the TCGA stipulate governance of these municipalities.[4][5][6][7]

Half of the population of the Northwest Territories (49.5%) resides in Yellowknife, the largest municipality in the territory at 20,340 residents.[2] The least populous municipality is Enterprise with 75 residents.[2] The largest municipality by area is Fort Resolution at 452.87 km2 (174.85 sq mi), while the smallest is Gamèti at 9.04 km2 (3.49 sq mi).[2]

Cities[edit]

An application can be submitted to incorporate a community as a city under the Cities, Town and Villages Act at the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs, if the proposed city has a minimum assessed land value of $200 million or if an exception is made by the Minister.[4] The only city in the Northwest Territories is Yellowknife.[3] It had a population of 20,340 residents and a land area of 103.37 km2 (39.91 sq mi) in the 2021 Census.[2]

Towns[edit]

Like cities, an application to incorporate as a town can be submitted under the Cities, Town and Villages Act at the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs.[4] In the case of a town however, the proposed town's minimum assessed land value must be $50 million unless an exception is made by the Minister.[4] The Northwest Territories has four communities incorporated as towns.[3] Hay River is the territory's largest town by population and land area with 3,169 residents and 122.4 km2 (47.3 sq mi) respectively.[2] Norman Wells is the smallest town by population at 673 residents while Inuvik is the smallest by land area at 62.68 km2 (24.20 sq mi).[2]

Villages[edit]

The Cities, Town and Villages Act enables an application to incorporate as a village at the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs.[4] The proposed village's minimum assessed land value must be $10 million unless an exception is made by the Minister.[4] The only village in the Northwest Territories is Fort Simpson.[3] It had a population of 1,100 residents and a land area of 77.89 km2 (30.07 sq mi).[2]

Hamlets[edit]

At the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs, an application can be submitted to incorporate a community as a hamlet under the Hamlets Act.[5] Unlike cities, towns and villages, the incorporation of hamlets are not conditioned by a prescribed minimum assessed land value. Of the 11 hamlets in the Northwest Territories, Tuktoyaktuk is the largest by population with 937 residents yet and Fort Resolution is the largest by land area at 452.87 km2 (174.85 sq mi).[2] Enterprise is the smallest hamlet by population at 75 residents while the smallest by land area is Aklavik at 12.29 km2 (4.75 sq mi).[2]

Charter communities[edit]

An application to incorporate as a community charter can be submitted under the Charter Communities Act at the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs.[6] After consultation with community residents and groups, the application can be approved if 60% of the eligible electors vote to approve the incorporation.[6] The Northwest Territories has three charter communities.[3] Délı̨nę is the territory's largest charter community by population with 573 residents and largest by land area at 79.39 km2 (30.65 sq mi).[2] Tsiigehtchic is the smallest charter community by population at 138 residents while Fort Good Hope is the smallest by land area at 47.25 km2 (18.24 sq mi).[2]

Tlicho community governments[edit]

Four community governments were established through the enactment of the Tlicho Community Government Act.[7] Behchokǫ̀ is the territory's largest community government by population and land area at 1,746 residents and 74.96 km2 (28.94 sq mi) respectively.[2] Wekweeti is the smallest community government by population at 109 residents while Gamèti is the smallest by land area at 9.04 km2 (3.49 sq mi).[2] The fourth community is Whatì, the second largest by area (58.33 km2 [22.52 sq mi]) and population (543).[2]

List of municipalities[edit]

List of municipalities in the Northwest Territories
Name Status[3] Incorporation
date[8]
2021 Census of Population[2]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change Land area
(km²)
Population
density
Aklavik Hamlet January 1, 1974 536 590 −9.2% 12.29 43.6/km2
Behchokǫ̀ Community government (Tlicho) August 4, 2005[7] 1,746 1,874 −6.8% 74.96 23.3/km2
Délı̨nę Charter community April 1, 1993 573 533 +7.5% 79.39 7.2/km2
Enterprise Hamlet October 29, 2007 75 106 −29.2% 305.58 0.2/km2
Fort Good Hope Charter community April 1, 1995 507 516 −1.7% 47.25 10.7/km2
Fort Liard Hamlet April 1, 1987 468 500 −6.4% 67.61 6.9/km2
Fort McPherson Hamlet November 1, 1986 647 700 −7.6% 53.83 12.0/km2
Fort Providence Hamlet January 1, 1987 618 695 −11.1% 255.49 2.4/km2
Fort Resolution Hamlet January 5, 2011 412 470 −12.3% 452.87 0.9/km2
Fort Simpson Village January 1, 1973 1,100 1,202 −8.5% 77.89 14.1/km2
Fort Smith Town October 1, 1966[9] 2,248 2,542 −11.6% 91.21 24.6/km2
Gamèti Community government (Tlicho) August 4, 2005 252 278 −9.4% 9.04 27.9/km2
Hay River Town June 27, 1963 3,169 3,528 −10.2% 122.40 25.9/km2
Inuvik Town January 1, 1979 3,137 3,243 −3.3% 62.68 50.0/km2
Norman Wells Town April 12, 1992 673 778 −13.5% 82.09 8.2/km2
Paulatuk Hamlet April 1, 1987 298 265 +12.5% 63.58 4.7/km2
Sachs Harbour Hamlet April 1, 1986 104 103 +1.0% 272.22 0.4/km2
Tsiigehtchic Charter community June 21, 1993 138 172 −19.8% 47.89 2.9/km2
Tuktoyaktuk Hamlet April 1, 1970 937 898 +4.3% 12.66 74.0/km2
Tulita Hamlet April 1, 1984 396 477 −17.0% 52.28 7.6/km2
Ulukhaktok Hamlet April 1, 1984[10] 408 396 +3.0% 120.71 3.4/km2
Wekweètì Community government (Tlicho) August 4, 2005 109 129 −15.5% 14.71 7.4/km2
Whatì Community government (Tlicho) August 4, 2005 543 470 +15.5% 58.33 9.3/km2
Yellowknife City January 1, 1970[11][a] 20,340 19,569 +3.9% 103.37 196.8/km2
Total municipalities 39,434 40,034 −1.5% 2,540.33 15.5/km2
Northwest Territories 41,070 41,786 −1.7% 1,127,711.92 0.04/km2

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Yellowknife incorporated as a municipal district in 1953 prior to incorporating as a city in 1970.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2021 and 2016 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. March 14, 2022. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Northwest Territories". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "List of municipalities – Northwest Territories". Statistics Canada. September 6, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Cities, Towns and Villages Act, S.N.W.T. 2003, c.22" (PDF) (PDF). Government of the Northwest Territories. October 1, 2013. pp. 2–3 and 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 12, 2014. Retrieved January 12, 2014.
  5. ^ a b c "Hamlets Act, S.N.W.T. 2003, c.22" (PDF) (PDF). Government of the Northwest Territories. October 1, 2013. pp. 16 and 18–19. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 12, 2014. Retrieved January 12, 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d "Charter Communities Act, S.N.W.T. 2003, c.22" (PDF) (PDF). Government of the Northwest Territories. April 1, 2004. p. 15 and 17–18. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 12, 2014. Retrieved January 12, 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d "Tlicho Community Government Act, S.N.W.T. 2004, c.7" (PDF) (PDF). Government of the Northwest Territories. August 4, 2005. pp. 16–17 and 20. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 18, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2014.
  8. ^ Communities
  9. ^ "Town of Fort Smith News (Volume 22)" (PDF) (PDF). Town of Fort Smith. September 2011. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 13, 2014. Retrieved January 12, 2014.
  10. ^ "Olokhaktomiut Community Conservation Plan" (PDF) (PDF). The Community of Ulukhaktok, The Wildlife Management Advisory Council (NWT), and the Joint Secretariat. July 2008. p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 17, 2013. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
  11. ^ a b "Community Profile" (PDF). City of Yellowknife. p. 30. Archived from the original on January 13, 2014. Retrieved January 12, 2014.

External links[edit]