P. Ramlee

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P. Ramlee

ڤ. رملي
P Ramlee Dunia Film 15 May 1954 p20.jpg
P. Ramlee in a promotional still, 1954
Born
Teuku Zakaria bin Teuku Nyak Puteh

(1929-03-22)22 March 1929
Died29 May 1973(1973-05-29) (aged 44)
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Resting placeJalan Ampang Muslim Cemetery, Kuala Lumpur
MonumentsPustaka Peringatan P. Ramlee
Other namesRamli Puteh
Education
  • Sekolah Melayu Kampung Jawa
  • Francis Light English School (1939–1941)
  • Japanese Navy School (Kaigun Gakko)
  • Penang Free School (1945–1947)
Occupation
  • Actor
  • singer
  • musician
  • filmmaker
  • composer
Years active1945–1973
Notable work
Spouse(s)
Junaidah Daeng Harris
(m. 1950; div. 1955)
Noorizan Mohd. Noor
(m. 1955; div. 1961)
(m. 1961)
Children7 (including Nasir P. Ramlee)
Musical career
GenresPop
Instruments
LabelsEMI
Signature
P. Ramlee's Autograph.jpg

Tan Sri Datuk Amar Teuku Zakaria Bin Teuku Nyak Puteh (22 March 1929 – 29 May 1973), better known by his stage name P. Ramlee (Puteh Ramlee),[1] was a Malaysian actor, filmmaker, musician, and composer.[2] Due to his contributions to the film and music industry and his literary work, which began with his acting debut in Singapore in 1948, to the height of his career and then later moving to Malaysia in 1964 to his decline and death, he is regarded as a prominent icon of Malay entertainment. His fame has reached as far as Brunei, Sumatra, Indonesia, as well as in Hong Kong and Japan.

Early life[edit]

Ramlee was born on 22 March 1929 to Teuku Nyak Puteh Bin Teuku Karim (1902–1955) and Che Mah Hussein (1904–1967). His father, Teuku Nyak Puteh, travelled from Lhokseumawe in Aceh, Indonesia, to settle in Penang, where his mother is from.

Ramlee received his education from the Sekolah Melayu Kampung Jawa (Kampung Jawa Malay School), Francis Light English School and then to Penang Free School; in all he was registered as "Ramlee" in school. Reportedly a reluctant student, Ramlee was nevertheless talented in music and football. His studies at the Penang Free School was interrupted by the Japanese occupation from 1942 to 1945, during which he enrolled in the Japanese navy school. He also learnt the basics of music and to sing Japanese songs during this period. When the war ended, he took music lessons that enabled him to read musical notations.[3]

Career[edit]

P. Ramlee and Kasma Booty, 1955

Ramlee's first screen appearance was in Chinta, a B. S. Rajhans-directed film produced by Malay Film Productions in 1948.[4] Between 1948 and 1955, he has starred in a total of 27 films. He eventually ventured into film directing under the mentoring of Madras-born director L. Krishnan.

Death[edit]

On 29 May 1973, P. Ramlee died at the age of 44 from a heart attack and was buried at Jalan Ampang Muslim Cemetery, in Kuala Lumpur.

P. Ramlee's gravesite at Jalan Ampang Muslim Cemetery, Kuala Lumpur.

Legacy[edit]

Portrait of P. Ramlee

In 1986, 13 years after his death, in honour of his contributions to the Malaysian entertainment industry, the P. Ramlee Memorial or Pustaka Peringatan P. Ramlee was built in his home in Setapak, Kuala Lumpur. In 1982, the street Jalan Parry, in the center of Kuala Lumpur, was renamed Jalan P. Ramlee in his honour. In 1990, he was posthumously awarded the Malaysian honorific title Tan Sri, and then in 2009, the honorific title of "Datuk Amar" by Sarawak State Government. Then Chief Minister of Sarawak, Abdul Taib Mahmud, an avid fan of P. Ramlee, presented the award to his adopted daughter, Dian P. Ramlee, in a ceremony honouring veteran artists in Kuching.[5]

The P. Ramlee House is a museum situated along Jalan P. Ramlee (formerly Caunter Hall road) in Penang, Malaysia. The building is a restored wooden house that was originally built in 1926 by his father and uncle. The house had previously undergone multiple repairs before being taken over by the National Archives as an extension of its P. Ramlee Memorial project in Kuala Lumpur. Items on display at the house include personal memorabilia related to his life in Penang and items belonging to his family.[citation needed]

On 22 March 2017; his 88th birthday, Google honored P. Ramlee with a Doodle on the Malaysian Google homepage.[6][7]

Awards and honours[edit]

Honours of Malaysia[edit]


Places named in honour of P. Ramlee[edit]

P. Ramlee Street in Kuala Lumpur
  • Jalan P. Ramlee, Penang[11] (formerly known as Caunter Hall; renamed on 30 August 1983)
  • Jalan P. Ramlee, Kuala Lumpur[12] (formerly known as Jalan Parry; renamed in 1982)
  • Bangunan P. Ramlee and Bilik Mesyuarat Tan Sri P. Ramlee at Sekolah Kebangsaan Hulu Klang, Selangor (used as background in Masam Masam Manis)
  • Jalan P. Ramlee, Kuching, Sarawak[13] (formerly known as Jalan Jawa)
  • Taman P. Ramlee (formerly Taman Furlong)[14] a townships at Setapak, Kuala Lumpur and George Town, Penang
  • Pawagam Mini P. Ramlee at Studio Merdeka, FINAS, Ulu Klang, Selangor
  • Makmal P.Ramlee at Filem Negara Malaysia, Petaling Jaya, Selangor
  • P. Ramlee Auditorium[15] (formerly known as RTM Auditorium), Angkasapuri
  • SK Tan Sri P. Ramlee, Georgetown, Penang[16] (formerly SK Kampung Jawa, his alma mater; renamed on 13 November 2011)
  • Ramlee Mall at Suria KLCC shopping centre, Kuala Lumpur
  • Bukit Nanas Monorail station, Kuala Lumpur, formerly known as P. Ramlee Monorail station
  • Auditorium P. Ramlee, RTM Kuching, Sarawak[17]

Filmography[edit]

P. Ramlee composed a total of 401 songs and was involved in 66 films throughout his career.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Murtado, Ali (22 March 2019). "P. Ramlee: Seniman Jenius Keturunan Indonesia yang Terpinggirkan". kumparan (in Indonesian). Retrieved 30 March 2021. Mungkin sedikit yang tahu, jika huruf P di depan nama P. Ramlee adalah singkatan dari ‘Puteh’. [Maybe only a few people know that the letter P in front of the name P. Ramlee stands for 'Puteh'.]
  2. ^ Alyssa Lee (21 August 2018). "Icon for the ages, P. Ramlee". Buro247. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  3. ^ Zaedi Zolkafli (2011). Koleksi P. Ramlee. Felix Entertainment. p. 14. ISBN 978-967-10012-0-2.
  4. ^ Amir Muhammad (2008). "Love in the time of Emergency". Tell Magazine (January).
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 April 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ https://www.google.com/doodles/p-ramlees-88th-birthday
  7. ^ https://www.todayonline.com/daily-focus/people/google-doodle-honours-arts-legend-p-ramlee-88th-birthday
  8. ^ a b "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
  9. ^ "P. Ramlee | Infopedia". Eresources.nlb.gov.sg. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  10. ^ "PressReader.com – Connecting People Through News". Pressreader.com. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  12. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  13. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  14. ^ "Taman P Ramlee, Setapak – Propwall". Propwall.my. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  15. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  16. ^ "SK TAN SRI P.RAMLEE PULAU PINANG | TEL: 042268841". Sktansripramlee.edu.my. Archived from the original on 4 October 2016. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  17. ^ https://www.google.com/maps/dir//auditorium+p+ramlee+kuching/data=!4m6!4m5!1m1!4e2!1m2!1m1!1s0x31fba7f2c6fad07f:0x5c69fdbc1dbd5f88?sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwidtNb6xKHtAhX4yzgGHaHzAHwQ9RcwFnoECA4QAw

External links[edit]