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Town of Pahrump
Location of Pahrump in Nye County
|• Type||Nye County Commission|
|• Town Manager/County Manager||Tim Sutton|
|• Total||364 sq mi (771.5 km2)|
|• Land||364 sq mi (771.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||2,697 ft (822 m)|
|• Density||99/sq mi (47/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (Pacific (PST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
89041, 89048, 89060, 89061
|GNIS feature ID||0845593|
Pahrump (// pə-RUMP) is an unincorporated town located at the southernmost tip of Nye County, Nevada, United States, about 62 miles (100 km) west of Las Vegas, Nevada. Pahrump lies adjacent to the Nevada–California border and the area had a 2018 population of 36,174.
Pahrump was originally inhabited by the Southern Paiute. It was slowly inhabited by settlers in the late 19th century. They reportedly chose the name for Pahrump after the original Southern Paiute name Pah-Rimpi, or "Water Rock," so named because of the abundant artesian wells in the valley. Because of the artesian wells, the new inhabitants of Pahrump Valley began a number of large ranch-style holdings, mostly over 1,000 acres (400 ha) in size. On the ranches, alfalfa and cotton were grown, and livestock were raised.
Until the 1960s, Pahrump had no telephone service except a radio transmitter phone in a phone booth next to the small market, and there were no paved roads in or out of the Pahrump Valley. However, as Las Vegas grew, real estate speculation became somewhat more popular in the area. This led to the introduction of telephone service and the construction of a paved highway between Las Vegas and Pahrump during the late 1960s. Later, this road (NV 160) was extended from Pahrump northward to US 95, near Amargosa Valley. A second paved road (NV 372) was introduced that went from Pahrump to neighboring Shoshone, California, which provided a link to the Death Valley area, as well as a shorter route to those wishing to travel to Los Angeles or other areas in California. In the fifties and sixties, there was a two-room elementary school and the high school students went to Shoshone. In 1974, Pahrump's first high school, Pahrump Valley High School, was constructed.
A wealthy Las Vegas casino owner, Ted Binion, buried a large treasure of silver in a secret underground vault in Pahrump. In 1998, Binion died under suspicious circumstances, and one of the parties accused of murdering Binion was apprehended while digging up the vault in Pahrump. A book about the Binion murder trial (and Las Vegas poker) is Positively Fifth Street by James McManus.
On November 15, 2006, the Pahrump town board voted for an ordinance declaring English the official language of business, forbidding the display of foreign flags, and denying any benefits to illegal immigrants. A measure in the ordinance required an American flag to be displayed above any other flag, regardless of what organization, nation, or government it represents. The ordinance was repealed four months later because of bad publicity.
On November 4, 2017, Koenigsegg Automotive AB achieved the highest top speed of a production car ever, surpassing the Bugatti Veyron. The Koenigsegg Agera RS reached a top speed of 277.9 mph (447.2 km/h) on Nevada State Route 160.
Geography and climate
According to the United States Census Bureau, the census-designated place of Pahrump has a total area of 297.9 sq mi (771.5 km2), all of which is land. By area, it is the largest CDP in the contiguous United States, although it ranks only eleventh nationally, since the largest ten are all in Alaska. The area lies in the Mojave Desert.
Summers in Pahrump are generally hot and dry, with occasional pushes of monsoonal moisture beginning in early July. Being at a similar elevation to Las Vegas, daytime highs in summer average within a few degrees of Las Vegas. Record highs are similar between the two cities as well. A typical day during June through August brings temperatures around 100 °F (38 °C), and occasionally 110 °F (43 °C). Nighttime temperatures, however, are noticeably cooler. This is due to the lack of an urban heat island in Pahrump, allowing for intense radiative cooling after sundown. As a result, summer nights are pleasantly warm, bottoming out in the mid-60s or 70s °F (around 20 °C). Pahrump's location in a valley leads to large diurnal temperature ranges, typically 30 °F (17 °C) but occasionally 40 °F (22 °C). By late August and early September, the sweltering summer heat noticeably tempers down. September is the gateway to fall, which brings very pleasant weather. October highs are generally 80 °F (27 °C) and nighttime temperatures in the 50s °F (low teens °C). Due to its elevation, Pahrump is protected from the searing summer temperatures experienced in the nearby Death Valley.
Like other locations in the Mojave desert, winters are typically mild, with occasional pushes of cold air from the north. Daytime highs average from the mid-50s and 60s °F (10s °C), but low temperatures hover around freezing for most nights between December to February. Spring brings pleasantly warm temperatures and cool evenings. Like other locations in the Mojave desert, this is the windiest time of year. Snowfall is rare in Pahrump, but there is generally at least one snow day per year.
|Climate data for Pahrump|
|Record high °F (°C)||79
|Average high °F (°C)||57.4
|Average low °F (°C)||27.0
|Record low °F (°C)||4
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.65
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||0.2
As of the census of 2000, there were 24,631 people, 10,153 households, and 7,127 families residing in the census-designated place (CDP) of Pahrump. The population density was 82.7 people per square mile (31.9/km2). There were 11,651 housing units at an average density of 39.1 per square mile (15.1/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.1% White, 0.1% African American, 1.1% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.37% Pacific Islander, 2.27% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.9% of the population.
There were 10,153 households, out of which 14.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.83.
In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 22.3% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 10.6% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 55.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.4 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $34,860, and the median income for a family was $39,812. Males had a median income of $35,862 versus $21,586 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,708. About 7.3% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over. Nye County receives an unusually large 29 percent of its income from federal benefits which amounts to $9,408 for each resident of the county.
Like many communities in Nevada, Pahrump has an unincorporated town status, with a limited government that manages land-use planning, recreation, and fire, while leaving most services to Nye County. In May 2009, the town board set up an advisory board to study incorporating Pahrump as a town or city. but the town opposition was too great and any plans to incorporate Pahrump were dropped. In 2012 the citizens of Pahrump voted to disband the Town Board form of government due to the board's continued pushes for incorporation in favor of becoming an advisory board under the County Commissioners. It was finalized in 2014 when the incumbent elected members' terms expired. Per the Town of Pahrump website, the elected Pahrump Town Board was disbanded as of January 5, 2015.
Public education in Pahrump is administered by the Nye County School District.
Notable businesses in the area include Front Sight Firearms Training Institute and the Spring Mountain Motor Sports Ranch. In addition, there are wineries, including Sander's Family Winery and Pahrump Valley Winery.
Two legal brothels, Sheri's Ranch and Chicken Ranch, are located in Pahrump. Due to their proximity to Las Vegas, they tend to be more expensive than other legal brothels in Nevada. Sheri's Ranch is the larger of the two, and may have upwards of 20 prostitutes on its premises at any given time.
Pahrump Valley Transportation is the only public transportation in Pahrump. However there is also VetRANS, a transportation service for veterans. Both services run by appointment, and offer transport to certain destinations in Las Vegas. Residents, and those visiting Pahrump, utilize McCarran International Airport in the Las Vegas area, approximately 60 miles east of Pahrump. A private airport, Calvada Meadows Airport, also serves Pahrump, however, aircraft must request permission before landing at this small airport. Enterprise Rent-A-Car operates a local branch for vehicle rental needs. Pahrump has taxi service operating 24 hours a day.
Pahrump was the hometown of author and radio personality Art Bell. He was known for founding Coast to Coast AM, an overnight radio talk show mainly about paranormal subjects, conspiracies and other oddities, a program that he broadcast from his home studio. At one time, Bell owned KNYE, the local radio station located in Pahrump. After the death of his wife Ramona, Bell remarried and relocated to the Philippines. On the December 28, 2006, broadcast of Coast to Coast AM, Bell announced he had returned to Pahrump, but he later returned to the Philippines, where he resided until 2011, when he again returned to Pahrump. Bell hosted Art Bell's Dark Matter, also dealing with paranormal subject matter, which aired on SiriusXM, from his home in Pahrump. In July 2015, Art Bell returned to the airwaves with a new show, Midnight in the Desert, which aired weeknights in a three-hour time slot. The show covered much of the same material as Coast to Coast AM. Bell retired from the show in December 2015. Bell died on April 13, 2018, in Pahrump.
Pahrump is the home of the third co-founder of Apple Computer, Ronald Wayne. Wayne relinquished his equity in Apple for $800 in 1976; he now lives a quiet lifestyle in Pahrump, selling stamps and rare coins.
Although brothel owner Dennis Hof died in nearby Crystal, he referred to himself in political ads as "The Trump of Pahrump", a sobriquet he credited to Donald Trump advisor Roger Stone (an early supporter of Hof).
Hof was elected posthumously to a seat in the Nevada Assembly in 2018. A group of county commissioners within the legislative district was empowered to appoint a successor; Pahrump utility general manager Gregory Hafen II won appointment to the seat.
Libertarian writer and filmmaker J. Neil Schulman, author of Alongside Night (1978) and writer/producer/director of the indie film Alongside Night, lived in Pahrump. Schulman was the first to produce a film that featured Pahrump, in the script of Lady Magdalene's, which starred Nichelle Nichols as the owner of the title brothel.
In popular culture
- In the film Mars Attacks!, Martians land in Pahrump and announce they have "come in peace", but soon kill most of the humans gathered there.
- Pahrump was featured in Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip in a two-part episode titled "Nevada Day". Part One aired November 6, 2006, and Part Two aired a week later on November 13. The scenes, however, were set only in the town jail and a small diner across the street, and the town itself was not featured, implying that Pahrump is much smaller than it actually is.
- The TV series Get Shorty is partly set in Pahrump. The city is the home town of main character Miles Daly, played by Chris O'Dowd.
- Carpenter Canyon Road leads from Pahrump to Carpenter Canyon and Carpenter Canyon Creek
- "Pahrump Town Board". Pahrumpnv.org. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
- "Nye County Code - Title 20: Pahrump". Sterling Codifiers. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- "NYE County Water Resources Plan" (PDF). Nyecounty.com. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
- Kathleen Hennessey (November 26, 2006). "'English only' measure stokes frustration". Los Angeles Times. AP. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
- "Pahrump kills English-only rule". Reno Gazette-Journal. February 15, 2007. p. 5. Retrieved July 25, 2021.
- "PAHRUMP, NEVADA (265890)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved July 5, 2016.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Nevada High Court Upholds vote to disband Pahrump Town Board". Las Vegas Review Journal. 2014-05-14. Retrieved 2017-01-21.
- "Town of Pahrump". Retrieved 2017-01-21.
- "Nevada Public Libraries". PublicLibraries.com. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
- "Sheri's Ranch Lineup". Sherisranch.com. 2013-10-01. Retrieved 2013-12-15.
- Smith, Ethan (2008-06-13). "Michael Jackson: The Next Elvis?". The Wall Street Journal. p. W1. Retrieved 2008-06-13.
Recently the singer had been living in Pahrump, Nev., an unincorporated town 60 miles west of Las Vegas, where he had been writing new songs in a home studio and having his three children (ages 11, 10 and 6) home-schooled.
- Wozniak, Steve. "Letters-General Questions Answered". Steve Wozniak official site. Archived from the original on August 17, 2000. Scroll down to third letter.
- Simon, Dan (June 24, 2010). "The gambling man who co-founded Apple and left for $800". CNN. Archived from the original on June 26, 2010. Retrieved June 24, 2010.
Wayne left Apple for only $800. "What can I say? You make a decision based on your understanding of the circumstances, and you live with it," he said.
- "Pahrump Nevada Man Could Have Been Apple Billionaire - Pahrump Mobile Home Park and Pahrump RV Park — Pahrump Mobile Home Park and Pahrump RV Park". Realpahrump.com. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
- "Pahrump Nevada Man Could Have Been Apple Billionaire now lives in Mobile Home Park". June 25, 2010. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
- "About the Members". Escape The Fate. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
- Heemsoth, Erik (August 6, 2014). "The Countdown To The 2014 Rockstar Energy UPROAR Festival Has Begun!". National Rock Review. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
Formed in Pahrump, Nevada in 2004, Escape The Fate received their first big break when they won a local radio contest judged by My Chemical Romance.
- Knapp, George (May 24, 2005). "Famous Hollywood Madam Moves to Nevada". KLAS-TV. Archived from the original on January 3, 2014. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- "Dennis Hof, deceased brothel owner dubbed the ‘Trump of Pahrump,’ wins state assembly seat in Nevada" Washington Post November 7, 2018
- Lawrence, Christopher (August 12, 2017). "TV series 'Get Shorty' partially set in Pahrump". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
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