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Panograph of Hyde Park in Sydney by Night
Panograph of Hyde Park in Sydney by Night

Panography, or Joiners, is a photographic technique in which one picture is assembled from several overlapping photographs. This can be done manually with prints or by using digital image editing software.

Panographs may resemble a wide-angle or panoramic view of a scene, similar in effect to segmented panoramic photography or image stitching. A panograph is distinct because the overlapping edges between adjacent pictures are not removed; the edge becomes part of the picture. Panography is thus a type of photomontage and a sub-set of collage.

Artist David Hockney is an early and important contributor to this technique. He called his photographs "joiners".[1] his group were called the hockney joiners and he still paints and photographs joiners today


  1. ^ Hockney on Photography: Conversations with Paul Joyce (1988) ISBN 0-224-02484-1

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