Temporal range: Early Oligocene–Late Oligocene
Paraenhydrocyon josephi ("beside Enhydrocyon") is an extinct species of the genus Paraenhydrocyon, a somewhat small bone crushing omnivorous mammal similar to a dog of the family Canidae which inhabited North America during the Oligocene living from 33.3—20.6 Ma and existed for approximately .
Paraenhydrocyon was named by Cope (1881). It was recombined as Mesocyon josephi by Scott (1890), Matthew (1907), Loomis (1936), Hough (1948), Stevens (1991) and Wang and Fremd (1994); it was recombined as Hypotemnodon josephi by Matthew (1899); it was recombined as Paraenhydrocyon josephi by Wang (1994), Fremd and et al. (1994) and Wang and Tedford (1996). It was assigned to Temnocyon by Cope (1881); to Hypotemnodon by Matthew (1899); to Mesocyon by Scott (1890), Matthew (1907), Loomis (1936), Hough (1948), Stevens (1991) and Wang and Fremd (1994); and to Paraenhydrocyon by Wang (1994), Fremd and et al. (1994) and Wang and Tedford (1996).
- http://paleobackup.nceas.ucsb.edu:8110/cgi-bin/bridge.pl?action=checkTaxonInfo&taxon_no=52163&is_real_user=1 Philotrox: Basic info.
- K. Munthe. 1998. Canidae. in C. M. Janis, K. M. Scott, and L. L. Jacobs (eds.), Evolution of Tertiary mammals of North America 124-143
- S. Legendre and C. Roth. 1988. Correlation of carnassial tooth size and body weight in recent carnivores (Mammalia). Historical Biology 1(1):85-98
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