Paraenhydrocyon josephi

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Paraenhydrocyon josephi
Temporal range: Early Oligocene–Late Oligocene
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Subfamily: Hesperocyoninae
Genus: Paraenhydrocyon
Species: P. josephi
Binomial name
Paraenhydrocon josephi

Paraenhydrocyon josephi ("beside Enhydrocyon") is an extinct species of the genus Paraenhydrocyon, a somewhat small bone crushing omnivorous mammal similar to a dog of the family Canidae which inhabited North America during the Oligocene living from 33.3—20.6 Ma and existed for approximately 12.7 million years.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

Paraenhydrocyon was named by Cope (1881). It was recombined as Mesocyon josephi by Scott (1890), Matthew (1907), Loomis (1936), Hough (1948), Stevens (1991) and Wang and Fremd (1994); it was recombined as Hypotemnodon josephi by Matthew (1899); it was recombined as Paraenhydrocyon josephi by Wang (1994), Fremd and et al. (1994) and Wang and Tedford (1996). It was assigned to Temnocyon by Cope (1881); to Hypotemnodon by Matthew (1899); to Mesocyon by Scott (1890), Matthew (1907), Loomis (1936), Hough (1948), Stevens (1991) and Wang and Fremd (1994); and to Paraenhydrocyon by Wang (1994), Fremd and et al. (1994) and Wang and Tedford (1996).[2]

Morphology[edit]

Two specimens were examined by Legendre and Roth for body mass. The first specimen was estimated to weigh 6.92 kg (15 lb). The second specimen was estimated to weigh 6.62 kg (15 lb).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://paleobackup.nceas.ucsb.edu:8110/cgi-bin/bridge.pl?action=checkTaxonInfo&taxon_no=52163&is_real_user=1 Philotrox: Basic info.
  2. ^ K. Munthe. 1998. Canidae. in C. M. Janis, K. M. Scott, and L. L. Jacobs (eds.), Evolution of Tertiary mammals of North America 124-143
  3. ^ S. Legendre and C. Roth. 1988. Correlation of carnassial tooth size and body weight in recent carnivores (Mammalia). Historical Biology 1(1):85-98

References[edit]