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The Paṭṭhāna (paṭṭhāna, Burmese: ပဌာန်း, pa htan:) is a Buddhist scripture, part of the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhism, where it is included in the Abhidhamma Pitaka.

Translation: Conditional Relations, 1969-, in progress, 2 volumes so far tr U Narada, Pali Text Society[1], Bristol

This book is a detailed examination of causal conditioning, the law of cause and effect, analyzing 24 types of conditional relations (paccaya) in relation to the classifications in the matika of the Dhammasangani:[1]

  1. root or primitive causes (hetu paccaya)
  • Loba, Dosa, Moha, Aloba (anti-loba), Adosa (anti-dosa) and Amoha (anti-moha) are regarded in Buddhism as the six root or primitive causes of all thoughts and feelings of mind.
  1. stimulative causes (arammana paccaya)
  • External objects and their effects, such as light and sounds, are ones of the causes of thougts and feelings by stimulating a person's sensations.
  1. dominant causes (adhipati paccaya)
  2. A few mental aspects, such as wish (chanda) and motivation (viriya), are belived to be possible dominant causes in Buddhist Psychology because each of them can drivingly dominate the rest of the mental aspects at one time.
  3. Unitary causes (sahajata paccaya)
  • In Pali, saha means "together" and jata means "rise"; according to Abhiddhamma, all the variety of physical or mental features are mere manifestations of a number of fundamental physical or mental principles, and hence all of the variety can be unified to a simple group just like the fundamental forces can be hypothetically unified in theoretical physcis.
  1. contiguity
  2. simultaneity
  3. reciprocity
  4. support
  5. decisive support
  6. pre-existence
  7. post-existence
  8. habitual cultivation
  9. karma
  10. result
  11. nutriment
  12. controlling faculty
  13. jhāna – a relation specific to meditation attainments
  14. path – a relation specific to the stages on the Buddhist path
  15. association
  16. dissociation
  17. presence
  18. absence
  19. disappearance
  20. non-disappearance


  1. ^ Ronkin, Noa, "Abhidharma", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2014 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <>.

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