Farmlands dominate within the Atlantic Coastline and in valley areas especially the central part, grasslands, bushes and forests cover the mountainous parts and the southwestern parts along with dry lands. The taller mountains lie to the southwest.
Its main economy is agriculture in Paul, it is followed by tourism which is one of the main industry. The majority of the population are rural.
The Municipality of Paul is one of the oldest administrative divisions in Cape Verde. By the end of the 19th century it merged with the older Municipality of Ribeira Grande, becoming the Municipality of Santo Antão. In 1971 the Municipality of Santo Antão was redivided in 3 municipalities: Ribeira Grande, Paul and Porto Novo.