Persian dialects in Khuzestan

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There are a number of Khuzestani Persian dialects and accents unique to the province of Khuzestan in southwestern Iran.

There are two main regional classifications, in addition to less common varieties:

Northern region[edit]

These are generally unintelligible to speakers of Modern Standard Persian and are related to and are rooted in old Persian and Elamite languages.

Southern region[edit]

Those regional variety of Kouzestani accents are much closer to Standard Persian than Khouzestani dialects and are easily understood by the average Persian-speaker elsewhere in Iran.


Persian dialects of Khuzestan are halfway between north Iranian dialects and Dari dialects, or midway between Modern and Classical Persian dialects.

  1. Word-final [æ] in Classical Persian is allophonized to [e], except [næ] ('no').
  2. The long vowels of Classical Persian [] and [] merged into Modern Persian [], and [] and [] merged into [].
  3. Arabic letter و is realized as a voiced labiodental fricative [v].
  4. The convergence of the Arabic pronunciations of ق (voiced uvular stop [ɢ]) and غ (voiced velar fricative [ɣ]) in Tehrani Persian and other north Iranian dialects (probably influenced by Turkic languages like Azeri and Turkmen),[1] is still kept separate in Khuzestani dialects, as is in classic Persian and as all southern Iranian dialects are, most partly because of the Arab Iranian population of Khuzestan.
  5. Like Tehrani accent and also most of the accents in Central and Southern Iran, the sequence /ɒn/ in the colloquial dialect is nearly always pronounced [un]. The only common exceptions are high prestige words, such as [ɢoɾʔɒn] ('Qur'an'), and [ʔɾɒn] ('Iran'), and foreign nouns (both common and proper), like the Spanish surname Beltran [belˈtɾɒn], which are pronounced as written. A few words written as /ɒm/ are pronounced [um]. /ɒm/ and /ɒn/ are pronounced as they are in formal dialect.

Note that native Khuzestani Persian speakers can interchange colloquial and formal dialects in conversational speech.


  1. ^ A. Pisowicz, Origins of the New and Middle Persian phonological systems (Cracow 1985), p. 112-114, 117.

See also[edit]