Philippine Senate election, 1951

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Philippine Senate election, 1951
Philippines
← 1949 November 13, 1951 1953 →

8 (of the 24) seats in the Senate
13 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Cuenco.gif Carlos P Garcia.jpg
Leader Mariano Jesús Cuenco Carlos P. Garcia
Party Liberal Nacionalista
Leader's seat Nationwide at-large
(lost)
Nationwide at-large
Seats before 18 4
Seats after 12 12
Seat change Decrease 6 Increase 8
Popular vote 8,764,190 13,266,643
Percentage 39.9% 59.1%
Swing Decrease 13.5% Increase 22.5%

Senate President before election

Mariano Jesús Cuenco
Liberal

Elected Senate President

Quintin Paredes
Liberal

Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines

A senatorial election was held in the Philippines on November 13, 1951. The election was known as a midterm election as the date when elected candidates take office falls halfway through President Elpidio Quirino's four-year term.

Summary[edit]

As the Hukbalahap insurgency raged in Central Luzon, Filipinos trooped to the polling booths for the 1951 midterm elections—a referendum on President Quirino, who had won the presidency in his own right two years prior. Despite the political remarriage of the two factions of the Liberal Party, the Quirinistas and Avelinistas, the Quirino administration was still far from popular and had gained notoriety for its inability to rein in corruption and its ineffectual attempts to police lawlessness in the countryside. The Nacionalistas took advantage of the situation and mounted an active campaign to wrest back the Senate from the LP. Led by former President Jose P. Laurel, Quirino’s chief adversary in the 1949 presidential polls, the NP swept all eight Senate seats in contention, the first total victory of the opposition in the Senate. So strong was the rejection of the Quirino administration in 1951 that even LP top honcho, Senate President Mariano Jesus Cuenco, lost his seat. Laurel received the highest number of votes, which was seen as his political rehabilitation and which made him the first and only president, thus far, to have served in the Senate after his presidency.

Felisberto Verano, also a Nacionalista, won the special elections held on the same day to fill the Senate seat vacated by Vice-President Fernando Lopez.

Block voting, established in 1941, was abolished in 1951 with Republic Act No. 599. This would later lead to more fragmented results in most national elections.[1]

Results[edit]

Per candidate[edit]

e • d Summary of the November 13, 1951 Philippine Senate election result
Rank Candidate Party Votes %
1. José P. Laurel Nacionalista 2,143,452 48.8%
2. Gil Puyat Nacionalista 1,906,402 43.4%
3. Manuel Briones Nacionalista 1,774,687 40.4%
4. Carlos P. Garcia Nacionalista 1,573,095 35.8%
5. Francisco Afan Delgado Nacionalista 1,534,176 34.9%
6. Cipriano P. Primicias, Sr. Nacionalista 1,487,159 33.9%
7. Jose Locsin Nacionalista 1,452,577 33.1%
8. Jose Zulueta Nacionalista 1,395,095 31.8%
9. Jose P. Bengzon Liberal 1,277,925 29.1%
10. Pio Pedrosa Liberal 1,232,791 28.1%
11. Teodoro Evangelista Liberal 1,210,815 27.6%
12. Mariano Jesús Cuenco Liberal 1,205,897 27.5%
13. Antonio Quirino Liberal 1,041,539 23.7%
14. Primitivo Lovina Liberal 982,601 22.4%
15. Juan V. Borra Liberal 869,160 19.8%
16. Raul Leuterio Liberal 850,216 19.4%
17. Josefina Phodaca APOY-NPPW 431,328 9.8%
Total turnout 4,391,109 92.4%
Total votes 22,465,664 N/A
Registered voters 4,754,109 100.0%
Note: A total of 20 candidates ran for senator. Source:[2]

Per party[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Total % Swing Won Before After % +/−
Nacionalista 13,266,643 59.1% Increase 22.5% 8 4 10 41.7% Increase 6
Liberal 8,764,190 39.0% Decrease 13.5% 0 18 14 58.3% Decrease 4
APOY-NWW 431,328 1.9% Increase 1.9% 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Independent 3,503 0.0% Decrease 0.0% 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Totals 22,465,664 100% 8 24 24 100.0% Steady

Special election[edit]

To serve the unexpired term of Fernando Lopez until December 30, 1953.

e • d Summary of the November 13, 1951 Philippine Senate special election result
Rank Candidate Party Votes %
1. Felixberto Verano Nacionalista 873,457 47.7%
2. Cornelio Villareal Liberal 609,303 33.3%
3. Prospero Sanidad Liberal (Independent) 223,810 12.2%
4. Carlos Tan Liberal (Independent) 124,975 6.8%
Note: A total of 5 candidates ran for senator.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philippine Electoral Almanac. The Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office. 2013. p. 28. 
  2. ^ Christof Hartmann; Graham Hassall; Soliman M. Santos, Jr. (2001). Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz and Christof Hartmann, ed. Elections in Asia and the Pacific Vol. II. Oxford University Press. pp. 185–230. ISBN 0199249598. 

External links[edit]