Philippine Senate election, 1955

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Philippine general election, 1955
Philippines
← 1953 November 8, 1955 1957 →

8 (of the 24) seats in the Senate and 1 mid-term vacancy
13 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Fernando Lopez portrait.jpg
Leader Eulogio Rodriguez Fernando Lopez
Party Nacionalista Democratic
Leader's seat Nationwide at-large Nationwide at-large
Seats before 14 2
Seats after 21 2
Seat change Increase 7  Steady 
Popular vote 17,319,389 0
Percentage 67.6% 0.0%
Swing Increase 27.7% Decrease 15.4%

  Third party Fourth party
  Diosdado Macapagal USS Oklahoma City 1962 cropped.jpg
Leader Lorenzo Tañada Diosdado Macapagal
Party Citizens' Liberal
Leader's seat Nationwide at-large Nationwide at-large (lost)
Seats before 1 7
Seats after 1 0
Seat change  Steady  Decrease 7
Popular vote 0 7,395,988
Percentage 0.0% 28.9%
Swing Decrease 8.8% Decrease 7.1%

Senate President before election

Eulogio Rodriguez
Nacionalista

Elected Senate President

Eulogio Rodriguez
Nacionalista

Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
This article is part of a series on the
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A senatorial election in the Philippines was held on November 8, 1955. This was a midterm election, the date when the winners took office falling halfway through President Ramon Magsaysay's four-year term.

Summary[edit]

Since Magsaysay was very popular midway through his term, there were 10 candidates who ran under the Nacionalista banner. His adoptive Nacionalista Party continued to grow in strength with the absorption of their erstwhile coalition partner, the Democratic Party; but a pillar of the NP could not hide his opposition to the president. Senator Claro M. Recto, one of those who actively sought the adoption of the former Defense Secretary into the NP fold in 1953, had grown critical of Magsaysay, calling him a “banana dictator” and “American puppet,” among other unflattering names. In retaliation, Magsaysay refused the inclusion of Recto into the NP Senate slate of 1955, prompting the Batangueño leader to seek support for his candidacy with the Liberals.

Though Lorenzo Tañada of the NCP had cooperated with the NP in 1953, Recto became the first “guest candidate” in Philippine electoral history, when he was included in the Liberal Party lineup but did not resign his membership as a Nacionalista. [1]

Special elections[edit]

There was a special election held for the vacant seat of Senator Carlos P. Garcia after he won as Vice President in 1953. Roseller T. Lim won and served the unexpired term of Garcia from 1955 to 1957.

Results[edit]

Per candidate[edit]

e • d Summary of the November 8, 1955 Philippine Senate election result
Rank Candidate Party Votes %
1 Pacita Madrigal-Warns Nacionalista 2,544,716 50.4%
2 Lorenzo Sumulong Nacionalista 2,250,780 44.6%
3 Quintin Paredes Nacionalista 2,171,415 43.0%
4 Francisco Soc Rodrigo Nacionalista 2,132,094 42.2%
5 Pedro Sabido Nacionalista 1,821,098 36.1%
6 Claro M. Recto Nacionalista1 1,716,984 34.0%
7 Domocao Alonto Nacionalista 1,619,109 32.1%
8 Decoroso Rosales Nacionalista 1,600,255 31.7%
9 Diosdado Macapagal Liberal 1,454,200 28.8%
10 Juan Chioco Nacionalista 1,452,693 28.8%
11 Camilo Osías Liberal 1,388,137 27.5%
12 Geronima Pecson Liberal 1,340,800 26.6%
13 Macario Peralta Liberal 1,207,495 23.9%
14 Enrique B. Magalona Liberal 1,086,054 21.5%
15 Pio Pedrosa Liberal 919,302 18.2%
16 William Chiongbian Liberal 884,077 17.5%
17 Alfredo Abcede Federal Party 22,769 0.5%
18 Concepcion R. Lim de Plana Nacionalista 10,245 0.2%
19 Vicente A. Rafael Independent 4,551 0.1%
20 Filemon Blay Independent 1,179 0.0%
21 Praxedes Floro Independent 1,081 0.0%
Total turnout 5,046,488 77.8%
Total votes 25,629,034 N/A
Registered voters 6,487,061 100.0%
Note: A total of 21 candidates ran for senator. Source:[2]
^1 Liberal Party's guest candidate

Per party[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Total % Swing Won Before After % +/−
Nacionalista 17,319,389 67.6% Increase 27.7% 8 14 21 87.5% Increase 7
Liberal 8,861,244 28.9% Decrease 7.1% 0 7 0 0.0% Decrease 7
Federal 906,846 3.5% Increase 3.5% 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Democratic 0 0.0% Decrease 15.4% 0 2 2 8.3% Steady
Citizens' 0 0.0% Decrease 8.8% 0 1 1 4.2% Steady
Independent 6,811 0.0% Increase 0.0% 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Totals 25,629,034 100% 8 24 24 100.0% Steady

Special election[edit]

For Garcia's vacated senate seat when he was elected vice president on 1953. Unlike the regular election, this is held under the first past the post system.

e • d Summary of the November 8, 1955 Senate special election result
Rank Candidate Party Votes %
1. Roseller T. Lim Nacionalista 1,102,979 61.4%
2. Simeon Toribio Liberal 688,913 38.4%
3. Avelino P. Garcia Independent 4,378 0.2%
Total valid votes 1,796,270 100.0%
Source: Commission on Elections

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philippine Electoral Almanac. The Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office. 2013. p. 28. 
  2. ^ Christof Hartmann; Graham Hassall; Soliman M. Santos, Jr. (2001). Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz and Christof Hartmann, ed. Elections in Asia and the Pacific Vol. II. Oxford University Press. pp. 185–230. ISBN 0199249598. 

External links[edit]