Politics of Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia is a parliamentary democracy. Its unicameral legislature, the Nova Scotia House of Assembly, consists of fifty-one members. As Canada's head of state, Queen Elizabeth II is the head of Nova Scotia's chief executive government. Her duties in Nova Scotia are carried out by the Lieutenant-Governor, John James Grant. The government is headed by the Premier, Stephen McNeil, who took office October 22, 2013. Halifax is home to the House of Assembly and Lieutenant-Governor.
From Confederation to World War I
From 1920 to 1967
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From 1970 to present
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Nova Scotia elected minority governments in the 1998, 2003 and 2006 elections. The Progressive Conservative government of John Hamm, and later Rodney MacDonald, required the support of the New Democratic Party or Liberal Party after the election in 2003.
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The province's revenue comes mainly from the taxation of personal and corporate income, although taxes on tobacco and alcohol, its stake in the Atlantic Lottery Corporation, and oil and gas royalties are also significant. In 2006/07, the Province passed a budget of $6.9 billion, with a projected $72 million surplus. Federal equalization payments account for $1.385 billion, or 20.07% of the provincial revenue. While Nova Scotians have enjoyed balanced budgets for several years, the accumulated debt exceeds $12 billion (including forecasts of future liability, such as pensions and environmental cleanups), resulting in slightly over $897 million in debt servicing payments, or 12.67% of expenses. The province participates in the HST, a blended sales tax collected by the federal government using the GST tax system.
The election on June 13, 2006 elected 23 Progressive Conservatives, 20 New Democrats and 9 Liberals, leaving Nova Scotia with a Progressive Conservative minority government. The next election was held on June 9, 2009 with the NDP winning for the first time ever. They captured a majority with 31 seats to 11 for the Liberals and 10 for the PC Party.
Most recently MLAs were criticized by the Canadian Taxpayers Federation for their pension plan, which costs taxpayers $11 million annually. The ratio of funding for the pension, according to the report, is $22 taxpayer dollars per $1 contributed by public officials.
- Province House (Nova Scotia)
- Nova Scotia House of Assembly
- List of Nova Scotia general elections
- List of Nova Scotia Premiers
- Monarchy in Nova Scotia
- Politics of Canada
- Political culture of Canada
- Council of the Federation
- Nova Scotia Finance (2006). "2006-2007 Estimates" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-11-10. Retrieved 2007-02-15.
- Smith, Amy; Jackson, David (May 6, 2009). "N.S. heads to polls June 9". The Chronicle Herald. Archived from the original on May 6, 2009. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
- Lacey, Kevin (Sep 14, 2010). "CTF releases new study on Nova Scotia MLA pensions and benefits". Canadian Taxpayers Federation. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved 2010-09-14.