Public holidays in Poland

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Holidays in Poland are regulated by the Non-working Days Act of 18 January 1951 (Ustawa z dnia 18 stycznia 1951 o dniach wolnych od pracy; Journal of Laws 1951 No. 4, Item 28). The Act, as amended in 2010, currently defines thirteen public holidays.

Public holidays[edit]

Note: The table below lists only public holidays i.e. holidays which are legally considered to be non-working days.

Date English Name Official Local Name (Informal Local Name) Remarks
January 1 New Year's Day Nowy Rok (Nowy Rok)
January 6 Epiphany Święto Trzech Króli (Trzech Króli) in effect since 2011
Sunday in Spring (movable) Easter Sunday pierwszy dzień Wielkiej Nocy (Niedziela Wielkanocna)
Monday following Easter Sunday Easter Monday drugi dzień Wielkiej Nocy (Poniedziałek Wielkanocny)
May 1 May Day Święto Państwowe (Święto Pracy) This holiday is officially called State Holiday (Święto Państwowe). However, it is unofficially called Labour Day (see below), and coincides with International Workers' Day.
May 3 Constitution Day Święto Narodowe Trzeciego Maja (Święto Konstytucji Trzeciego Maja) Celebrating the May 3rd Constitution
7th Sunday after Easter Pentecost Sunday pierwszy dzień Zielonych Świątek (Zielone Świątki) As this holiday always falls on a Sunday, it is not widely known that it is considered a non-working day, as all Sundays are already non-working days and holidays falling on Sunday don't give the right to another free day.
9th Thursday after Easter Corpus Christi dzień Bożego Ciała (Boże Ciało) This is a Catholic church Holiday
August 15 Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Wniebowzięcie Najświętszej Maryi Panny (Święto Wojska Polskiego) This is also Polish Armed Forces Day (Święto Wojska Polskiego), celebrating the battle of Warsaw in 1920
November 1 All Saints' Day Wszystkich Świętych (Dzień Zmarłych)
November 11 Independence Day Narodowe Święto Niepodległości (Dzień Niepodległości)
December 25 Christmas Day pierwszy dzień Bożego Narodzenia
December 26 Boxing Day drugi dzień Bożego Narodzenia

May Holidays[edit]

Under communist rule, the 1st of May was celebrated as Labour Day with government-endorsed parades, concerts and similar events. Following the 1989 changes, the Sejm decided to keep this day a public holiday but to give it the neutral name of State Holiday. In addition, the 3rd of May was created as Constitution Day. The May holidays (1st, 2nd and 3 May) are called "Majówka" in Polish, a pun made from the May month name (it can be translated as May-day picnic[1]).

National and state holidays[edit]

The following are national and state holidays in Poland, although they are normally working days unless declared a public holiday:

  • March 1 - National "Cursed Soldiers" Remembrance Day, Narodowy Dzień Pamięci "Żołnierzy Wyklętych", established in 2011
  • May 1 - State Holiday, informally called Labour Day, Święto Państwowe, public holiday, established in 1950
  • May 3 - May 3rd Constitution Day, Święto Narodowe Trzeciego Maja, public holiday, established originally in 1919, disestablished in 1946, then established again in 1990
  • May 8 - Victory Day, Narodowy Dzień Zwycięstwa, established in 2015
  • August 1 - National Warsaw Uprising Remembrance Day, Narodowy Dzień Pamięci Powstania Warszawskiego, established in 2009
  • August 31 - Day of Solidarity and Freedom, Dzień Solidarności i Wolności, set on the anniversary of August Agreement from 1980, established in 2005
  • November 11 - National Independence Day, Narodowe Święto Niepodległości, public holiday, established originally in 1937, disestablished in 1945, then established again in 1989

Former national and state holidays[edit]

  • May 9 - Victory Day (9 May), established in 1945, disestablished on 7 May 2015 (celebrated for the last time in 2014)
  • July 22 - National Day of the Rebirth of Poland, set on the anniversary of the PKWN Manifesto's signing, established in 1945, disestablished on 28 April 1990 (celebrated for the last time in 1989)

Other holidays[edit]

Holidays declared by statute[edit]

The following are holidays declared by statute in Poland. These holidays are declared in statute and as such they form a part of law in Poland. However, these holidays are not granted the distinction of national or state holidays. These are normally working days, unless coinciding with a public holiday.

  • January 27 – Public Employment Services Worker's Day, Dzień Pracownika Publicznych Służb Zatrudnienia, established in 2010
  • February 8 – Prison Service Day, Święto Służby Więziennej, established in 2010
  • February 22 – Crime Victims Day, Dzień Ofiar Przestępstw, coinciding with European Victims Day, established in 2003
  • May 2 – Flag Day, Dzień Flagi Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, established in 2004
  • May 2 – Polish Diaspora Day, Dzień Polonii i Polaków za Granicą, established in 2002
  • May 4 – Fire Fighter's Day, Dzień Strażaka, coinciding with International Firefighters' Day, established in 2002
  • May 16 – Border Guard's Day, Święto Straży Granicznej, established in 1991
  • May 29 – Veteran of Overseas Military Activities' Day, Dzień Weterana Działań poza Granicami Państwa, coiniciding with International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers, established in 2011
  • June 12 – Government Protection Bureau's Day, Święto BOR, established in 2001
  • June 13 – Military Gendarmerie's Day, Święto Żandarmerii Wojskowej, established in 2001
  • July 24 – Police Day, Święto Policji, established in 1995
  • July 31 – Treasury Day, Dzień Skarbowości, celebrated since 2008, established in 2010
  • August 15Armed Forces Day, Święto Wojska Polskiego, this holiday coincides with a public holiday (Assumption of Mary), established in 1992
  • August 29 – Municipal Police's Day, Dzień Straży Gminnej, established in 1997
  • September 1 – Veterans Day, Dzień Weterana, established in 1997
  • September 21 – Customs Service Day, Dzień Służby Celnej, established in 1999
  • October 13 – Paramedics' Day, Dzień Ratownictwa Medycznego, established in 2006
  • October 14 – Teachers' Day, Dzień Edukacji Narodowej, established in 1972
  • October 16 – Pope John Paul II Day, Dzień Papieża Jana Pawła II, established in 2005
  • November 21 – Social Workers' Day, Dzień Pracownika Socjalnego, established in 1990

Holidays declared by parliamentary resolution[edit]

The following are holidays declared by parliamentary resolution in Poland. These holidays are declared by a resolution of Sejm. These holidays do not form a part of law in Poland, and consequently are not granted the distinction of national or state holidays. These are normally working days.

  • March 23 – Polish-Hungarian Friendship Day, Dzień Przyjaźni Polsko-Węgierskiej, established in 2007
  • March 24 – National Life Day, Narodowy Dzień Życia, established in 2004
  • April 13 – Katyn Memorial Day, Dzień Pamięci Ofiar Zbrodni Katyńskiej, set on the anniversary of the discovery of mass graves in Katyn, established in 2007
  • April 18 – Coma Patients' Day, Dzień Pacjenta w Śpiączce, established in 2012
  • April 28 – Day for Safety and Health at Work, Dzień Bezpieczeństwa i Ochrony Zdrowia w Pracy, coincides with Workers' Memorial Day, established in 2003
  • May 27 – Local Government's Day, Dzień Samorządu Terytorialnego, set on the anniversary of the first local government elections in Poland, established in 2000
  • May 30 – Foster Care Day, Dzień Rodzicielstwa Zastępczego, established in 2006
  • June 1 – Day Without Alcohol, Dzień bez Alkoholu, established in 2006
  • June 4 – Day of Freedom and Citizens' Rights, Dzień Wolności i Praw Obywatelskich, set on the anniversary of 4th of June 1989 Polish elections, established in 2013
  • June 14 – National Day of Remembrance of Nazi Concentration Camps Victims, Narodowy Dzień Pamięci Ofiar Nazistowskich Obozów Koncentracyjnych, set on the anniversary of the arrival of the first mass transport of political prisoners to Auschwitz concentration camp, established in 2006
  • June 28 – National Day of Remembrance of Poznań 1956 protests, Narodowy Dzień Pamięci Poznańskiego Czerwca 1956, set on the anniversary of the outbreak of Poznań 1956 protests, established in 2006
  • August 2 – Genocide Remembrance Day of the Roma and Sinti, Dzień Pamięci o Zagładzie Romów i Sinti, set on the anniversary of the Roma and Sinti exterminaton at Auschwitz concentration camp, established in 2011
  • September 17 – Sybirak's Day, Dzień Sybiraka, set on the anniversary of Soviet invasion of Poland, established in 2013
  • September 27 – Polish Underground State's Day, Dzień Podziemnego Państwa Polskiego, set on the anniversary of the formation of Service for Poland's Victory, established in 2013
  • October 4 – Animals' Day, Dzień Zwierząt, coincides with World Animal Day, established in 2006
  • December 13 – Martial Law Victims Remembrance Day, Dzień Pamięci Ofiar Stanu Wojennego, set on the anniversary of declaration of Martial law in Poland, established in 2002

Other observances[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]