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Before 1918, P. Balibaguhan was a barrio of the Municipality of Bauan. The barrio was then inhabited by around fifty people. It is bounded on the north by P. Nioagan and Mainaga, on the east by Batangas Bay, on the south by Talaga and on the west by P. Anahao.
The Aplaya people of Bauan called the place (Balibaguhan) Hanaw-Hanaw, but its name as a political subdivision of Bauan was P. Balibaguhan. Legend tells that it was so-called because constables while making surveys in the place found plenty of plants they called "balibago." Since then, the place was called Pulo ng Balibago.
The political setup and processes in the barrio before the effectivity of the Revised Administrative Code and Local Autonomy Act, and recently, the Bario Charter, were quite different. Its ruler was appointed by provincial leaders. Teniente del Barrio was the name given to a barrio executive. There were approximately five barrio executives who were not elected by the people. They were: Cornelio Maramot, Sergio Albania, Valentin Maramot, Mauricio Reyes and Juan Maramot. The first elected teniente del barrio was Elino del Mundo. Next to him were Gerardo Albania, Zoilo Basit, Mauro Maramot, Julian Manalo, Sabino Manalo and Tirso Maramot. The present barrio captain is Angel Albania.
Before the first world war the chief agricultural products were rice, corn and oranges - the only source of villagers' livelihood. Transport was difficult. Two or three of the people in this place were able to study in Bauan and Batangas. Before the second world war, there were some notable changes. Many began to go to neighbouring towns and provinces in search of a living. Some were merchants, a few were soldiers and several were roving businessmen. Agriculture was gradually forgotten; fruit trees were neglected. Several young people became educationally and politically conscious.
The people of this barangay are predominantly Catholic. About 97% are literate. The per capita of the people is P 270.00.
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