Santo Tomas, Batangas

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Santo Tomas
Municipality
Municipality of Santo Tomas
SantoTomas,Batangasjf0636 06.JPG
Official seal of Santo Tomas
Seal
Map of Batangas with Santo Tomas highlighted
Map of Batangas with Santo Tomas highlighted
Santo Tomas is located in Philippines
Santo Tomas
Santo Tomas
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°05′N 121°11′E / 14.08°N 121.18°E / 14.08; 121.18Coordinates: 14°05′N 121°11′E / 14.08°N 121.18°E / 14.08; 121.18
Country  Philippines
Region Calabarzon (Region IV-A)
Province Batangas
District 3rd District
Founded March 7, 1666
Barangays 30 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Edna P. Sanchez
 • Vice Mayor Armenius Silva
 • Electorate 85,480 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 95.41 km2 (36.84 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 179,844
 • Density 1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4234
PSGC 041028000
IDD:area code +63 (0)43
Climate type Tropical monsoon climate
Income class 1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱) 539,745,100.48 (2016)
Website stotomasbatangas.gov.ph

Santo Tomas, officially the Municipality of Santo Tomas, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Santo Tomas), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 179,844 people.[3]

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is now part of Manila's conurbation which reaches Lipa City in its southernmost part. It borders the cities of Calamba City to the north, Los Baños to the north-east, Alaminos to the east, Tanauan City and Malvar to the west, and Lipa City to the south.

Santo Tomas is the hometown of Philippine Revolution and Philippine-American War hero Miguel Malvar, the last Filipino General to surrender to the Americans.

The patron of Santo Tomas is Saint Thomas Aquinas, patron of Catholic schools, whose feast day is celebrated every 7 March.

History[edit]

The town of Santo Tomas was founded in 1666, with Captain Manuel Melo as its first head. Originally, it was composed of a large Poblacion. When the Spanish friars arrived, their first and foremost objective was to construct a church near the river to satisfy their propensity for water. Thus, the present site of the Roman Catholic Church was chosen, near the San Juan River. As years went by, more houses were built around the church. This became the center of the Poblacion.

Other groups of houses were scattered all over the area. They were given such odd names as "Kabaong", because the stones along the road were coffin shaped; "Putol" because the trail was cut short by the Makiling Mountain, "Aptayin", because "apta" of fine shrimps were found in the brook, "Biga", because biga trees abounded there, and "Camballao", because twin rivers divided the place. These different unit groups comprised the barrios of the town.

The natives were by nature God-fearing, peaceful and obedient. The conquerors did not much have difficulty in enforcing decrees and orders. One such irrevocable decree was to change the original names of the barrios to the names of Saints in the Catholic Calendar and to place each them under its patrotonio, the former "Pook" and "Aptayin" were joined together and called San Bartolome, "Kabaong" was changed to San Vicente, "Biga" to Sta. Anastacia, and "Camballao" to San Isidro Sur and Isidro Norte. The whole town was given the name of Sto. Tomas de Aquino, a high Prince of the Dominican Order to where most of the first friars belonged. As time went by, more barrios were added to the list each with an assumed name of a saint.

From the year 1666, the head of the town had different titles. He was variously known as "Captain" from 1666 to 1782; "Alcalde" from 1783 to 1788; "Gobernadorcillo" from 1789 to 1821; "Presidente Local" from 1822 to 1899; "Presidente Municipal" from 1900 to 1930; and "Municipal Mayor" from 1931 to the present. Kristina Gaynilo and Minerva Guevarra live here.[4]

In 2015, Nelson P. Collantes, the then representative of Batangas' 3rd District, proposed a House bill to convert Santo Tomas into a component city. After a few years, with a unanimous vote of 19–0, the Senate approved a Senate bill for the municipality's conversion into a city on March 19, 2018. It still needs presidential approval and a plebiscite before it takes effect.[5]

Geography[edit]

Mount Makiling seen from downtown Santo Tomas

Santo Tomas is located at 14°05′N 121°11′E / 14.08°N 121.18°E / 14.08; 121.18. It is situated at the foot of Mount Makiling, and is 60 kilometres (37 mi) south of Manila.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 95.41 square kilometres (36.84 sq mi)[2] constituting 3.06% of the 3,119.75-square-kilometre- (1,204.54 sq mi) total area of Batangas.

Barangays[edit]

Santo Tomas is politically subdivided into 30 barangays.[6] Most of the barangays were named after saints.

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[7]
041028001 Barangay I (Poblacion) 1.0% 1,846 1,766 0.85%
041028002 Barangay II (Poblacion) 1.5% 2,777 2,291 3.73%
041028003 Barangay III (Poblacion) 1.4% 2,543 1,933 5.36%
041028004 Barangay IV (Poblacion) 2.0% 3,542 2,806 4.53%
041028005 San Agustin 1.3% 2,400 2,374 0.21%
041028006 San Antonio 6.5% 11,657 9,085 4.86%
041028007 San Bartolome 4.0% 7,205 5,897 3.89%
041028008 San Felix 3.1% 5,548 4,388 4.57%
041028009 San Fernando 1.4% 2,507 2,174 2.75%
041028010 San Francisco 1.5% 2,623 2,469 1.16%
041028011 San Isidro Norte 1.3% 2,289 1,663 6.27%
041028012 San Isidro Sur 1.5% 2,653 2,309 2.68%
041028013 San Joaquin 2.5% 4,417 3,844 2.68%
041028014 San Jose 1.5% 2,785 2,160 4.96%
041028015 San Juan 1.8% 3,177 3,012 1.02%
041028016 San Luis 1.6% 2,932 2,414 3.77%
041028017 San Miguel 5.6% 10,087 6,550 8.57%
041028018 San Pablo 3.4% 6,083 5,057 3.58%
041028019 San Pedro 3.2% 5,741 5,202 1.89%
041028020 San Rafael 6.5% 11,654 6,632 11.33%
041028021 San Roque 5.4% 9,745 8,909 1.72%
041028022 San Vicente 6.9% 12,360 8,606 7.14%
041028023 Santa Ana 0.8% 1,432 1,358 1.02%
041028024 Santa Anastacia 8.2% 14,666 7,555 13.46%
041028025 Santa Clara 4.0% 7,231 5,046 7.09%
041028026 Santa Cruz 1.4% 2,504 2,104 3.37%
041028027 Santa Elena 1.3% 2,358 1,638 7.18%
041028028 Santa Maria 15.5% 27,843 10,169 21.14%
041028029 Santiago 3.3% 5,978 4,277 6.58%
041028030 Santa Teresita 0.7% 1,261 1,052 3.51%
Total 179,844 124,740 7.21%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Santo Tomas
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 9,488—    
1918 13,125+2.19%
1939 16,544+1.11%
1948 17,022+0.32%
1960 22,716+2.43%
1970 31,935+3.46%
1975 37,452+3.25%
1980 43,010+2.81%
1990 58,209+3.07%
1995 65,759+2.31%
2000 80,393+4.40%
2007 113,105+4.82%
2010 124,740+3.63%
2015 179,844+7.21%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7][8][9]

In the 2015 census, Santo Tomas had a population of 179,844.[3] The population density was 1,900 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,900/sq mi).

In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 85,480 registered voters.[10]

Economy[edit]

Public market

The First Philippine Industrial Park which is owned by the Lopez Group of Companies is located in the municipality.[11]

Most of the town is residential with a lot of farmland. But there are also some developed subdivisions along the town like the San Antonio Heights in Barangay San Antonio which was developed by Avida Land, a division of Ayala Land,[12] Portello subdivision which was developed by Camella Homes,[13] and Terrazza de Sto. Tomas in Barangay San Roque which was developed by Ovialand. The town is well known for an entire strip of bulalo (bone marrow soup) restaurants and to a hospital named Saint Cabrini Medical Center which is located inside the town center.

Aside from various real estate development in the municipality, Santo Tomas also has popular lifestyle and commercial complex in the locality . The Lifestyle Strip located in the town center along the Maharlika Highway houses various restaurants, coffee shops, salons, clothing boutiques, videoke bars, fitness gym among others. Popular restaurants and coffee shops include both international brands and home grown establishments. These include Yellow Cab Pizza, Kuya J Restaurant, Bon Chon, Tapa King, Allegra's Kitchen, Tagami Japanese Restaurant, Buffalo Wings and Things, Brand X Burger, Purple Beetle, Henlin, Goldilocks, Red Ribbon, Starbucks, and Figaro. Other dining options in the area includes Shakey's Pizza, Mang Inasal, Jollibee, KFC, McDonald's, Seafood Island, Chowking, Bo's Coffee, King Lok Restaurant, and Barrio Fiesta.

Liana's mall and Puregold are also present for grocery and shopping needs of the locals. Moreover, an upcoming SM Mall is in development near the town center.

Transportation[edit]

Pan-Philippine Highway along Santo Tomas

Roads[edit]

The Maharlika Highway connects the municipality with Calamba, the rest of Laguna, and the highway reaches as far as Bicol Region. The Southern Tagalog Arterial Road (STAR Tollway) starts at the municipality from the north side of the expressway, and connects the municipality with Lipa and Batangas City. A connection with South Luzon Expressway has been opened, further connecting the municipality with Metro Manila. The José P. Laurel Highway connects the town with Tanauan City, Lipa and Batangas City.

Public transport[edit]

Jeepneys (Filipino:"dyip") connect the municipality with Calamba to the north, Tanauan to the south, and San Pablo to the east. Buses from Manila to Batangas City, Lucena, or Bicol serve the municipality. UV Express service also connect the municipality with San Pablo, Santa Rosa, Lipa, and Dasmariñas. Tricycles provide transportation within the barangays.

Government[edit]

Municipal hall
  • Mayor: Edna Padilla Sanchez
  • Vice Mayor: Armenius O. Silva
  • Councilors:
  • Florence Mabilangan
  • Catherine Jaurigue-Perez
  • Renante Arcillas
  • Leovi Villegas
  • Gerry Malijan
  • Boy Christopher Ramos
  • Arlene Federico-Mañebo
  • Peter Thomas Reyes
  • ABC president: Wilfredo Malicsi

Education[edit]

Universities[edit]

The Polytechnic University of the Philippines Santo Tomas is a constituent branch of the PUP System and the only institution of higher learning in Santo Tomas that serves the municipality and neighboring cities.

The Polytechnic University of the Philippines has one campus in Santo Tomas.

High schools[edit]

The municipality has 4 public high schools.[14]

Public schools[edit]

There are 28 public elementary schools within the municipality.[15]

Santo Tomas North District[edit]

Santo Tomas South District[edit]

Private schools[edit]

There are 15 private schools within the municipality.[16][17]

  • Almond Academy Foundation Inc.
  • AMS Learning School
  • Blue Isle Integrated School
  • Clareville School
  • Elyon Academia Foundation, Inc.
  • Greenville Academy of Santa Clara
  • His Care Learning Center of Santa Maria
  • Hope Christian Academy of Santo Tomas
  • Kids for Jesus Academy Inc.
  • Maranatha Christian Academy of Santo Tomas
  • Maranatha Christian Academy of Blue Isle
  • Mother Barbara Micarelli School
  • Pedagogia Children's School (Santo Tomas)
  • San Bartolome Adventist Elementary School
  • Saint Thomas Academy
  • Saint Thomas Montessori Learning Center
  • The Golden Child Literacy Place

Attractions[edit]

Santo Tomas is known for its bulalo. Notable landmarks in Santo Tomas include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "History | Sto. Tomas Batangas". Stotomasbatangasph.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2016-12-11. 
  5. ^ Ganzon-Ozaeta, Tina (21 March 2018). "Senate approves cityhood of Sto. Tomas town in Batangas". Rappler. Retrieved 22 March 2018. 
  6. ^ "Municipal: Santo Tomas, Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  8. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO. 
  9. ^ "Province of Batangas". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  10. ^ "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  11. ^ "Home | First Philippine Industrial Park". Fpip.com. Retrieved 2016-12-11. 
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-14. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-19. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  14. ^ "Batangas Province Masterlist of Government Secondary Schools" (PDF). Depedcalabarzon.ph. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Batangas Province Masterlist of Government Elementary Schools" (PDF). Depedcalabarzon.ph. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Batangas Province Masterlist of Government Private Elementary Schools" (PDF). Depedcalabarzon.ph. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Batangas Province Masterlist of Secondary Schools" (PDF). Depedcalabarzon.ph. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 

External links[edit]