Santo Tomas, Batangas

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Sto. Tomas
Municipality
SantoTomas,Batangasjf0636 06.JPG
Municipality of Sto. Tomas

Seal
Map of Batangas showing the location of Santo Tomas
Map of Batangas showing the location of Santo Tomas
Sto. Tomas is located in Philippines
Sto. Tomas
Sto. Tomas
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°6′33″N 121°8′31″E / 14.10917°N 121.14194°E / 14.10917; 121.14194Coordinates: 14°6′33″N 121°8′31″E / 14.10917°N 121.14194°E / 14.10917; 121.14194
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Batangas
District 3rd District
Barangays 30
Government[1]
 • Mayor Edna P. Sanchez
 • Vice-Mayor Ferdinand M. Ramos
Area[2]
 • Total 95.41 km2 (36.84 sq mi)
Elevation 128 m (420 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 124,740
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Tomasino
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4234
Dialing code 43
Income class 1st class

Santo Tomas (shortened to Sto. Tomas) is a first class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 124,740 people.[3] The town is a gateway to the province from Laguna.

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is now part of Manila's conurbation which reaches Lipa City in its southernmost part. It borders the cities of Calamba City to the north, Los Baños to the northeast, Alaminos to the east, Tanauan City and Malvar to the west, and Lipa City to the south. This is also the hometown of Philippine Revolution and Philippine-American War hero Miguel Malvar.

The patron of Santo Tomas is Saint Thomas Aquinas, patron of Catholic schools, whose feast day is celebrated every 7 March.

History[edit]

Sto. Tomas, one of the oldest town of Batangas, is located at the foot of the legendary and picturesque Mt.Makiling. It is sixty (60) kilometers south of Manila and known as the birthplace of Gen. Miguel Malvar, the last Filipino General to surrender to the American.

The town of Sto. Tomas was actually founded in 1666, with Captain Manuel Melo as its first head. Originally, it was composed of a large Poblacion. When the Spanish friars arrived their first and foremost objective was to construct a church near the river to satisfy their propensity for water. Thus the present site of the Roman Catholic Church was chosen, just as a stone’s throw from the San Juan River. As years went by, more and more houses were built around the church. This became the center of the Poblacion.

Other groups of houses were scattered all over the area. They were given such odd names as “Kabaong”, because the stones along the road were coffin shaped; “Putol” because the trail was cut short by the Makiling Mountain, “Aptayin”, because “apta” of fine shrimps were found in the brook, “Biga”, because biga trees abounded there, and “Camballao”, because twin rivers divided the place. These different unit groups comprised the barrios of the town.

The natives were by nature God-fearing, peaceful and obedient. The conquerors did not much have difficulty in enforcing decrees and orders. One such irrevocable decree was to change the original names of the barrios to the names of Saints in the Catholic Calendar and to place each them under its patrotonio, the former “Pook” and “Aptayin” were joined together and called San Bartolome, “Kabaong” was change to San Vicente, “Biga” to Sta. Anastacia, and “Camballao” to San Isidro Sur and Isidro Norte. The whole town was given the name of Sto. Tomas de Aquino, a high Prince of the Dominican Order to where most of the first friars belonged. As time went by more and more barrios were added to the list each with an assumed name of a saint. This unchanged set-up makes Sto. Tomas the most unique not only in Batangas but all over the Philippines.

At present, it has thirty barrios namely: Sta. Anastacia, San Rafael, Santiago, San Antonio, San Bartolome, San Miguel, San Roque, San Pedro, San Pablo, San Felix, San Jose, San Juan, San Agustin, Sta. Ana, San Joaquin, San Fernando, Sta, Clara, San Luis, Sta. Cruz, San Isidro Sur, San Isidro Norte, San Francisco, Sta. Maria, Sta. Elena, Sta. Teresita, Poblacion I, Poblacion II, Poblacion III, and Poblacion IV.

From the year 1666, the head of the town had different titles. He was variously known as “Captain” from 1666 to 1782; “Alcalde” from 1783 to 1788; “Gobernadorcillo” from 1789 to 1821; “Presidente Local” from 1822 to 1899; “Presidente Municipal” from 1900 to 1930; and “Municipal Mayor” from 1931 to the present.[4]

Barangays[edit]

Santo Tomas is politically subdivided into 30 barangays. Most of the barangays were named after saints.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Santo Tomas
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 58,209 —    
1995 65,759 +2.31%
2000 80,393 +4.40%
2007 113,105 +4.82%
2010 124,740 +3.63%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Economy[edit]

Public market

The First Philippine Industrial Park which is owned by the Lopez Group of Companies is located in the municipality.[5]

Most of the town is residential with a lot of farmland. But there are also some developed subdivisions along the town like the San Antonio Heights in Barangay San Antonio which was developed by Avida Land, A division of Ayala Land,[6] Portello subdivision which was developed by Camella Homes.[7] and Terrazza de Sto. Tomas in Barangay San Roque which was developed by Ovialand. The town is also well known for an entire strip of bulalo (bone marrow soup) restaurants. Among the best known include Rose and Grace Restaurant. The town is also home to a state of the art hospital named St. Cabrini Medical Center which is located inside the town center.

Transportation[edit]

The town connects with the neighboring cities of Calamba City, Laguna and Alaminos, Laguna via the Maharlika Highway. The Southern Tagalog Arterial Road starts at the municipality from the north side of the expressway. The expressway connects the town with the rest of Batangas. Now, the expressway is connected with the South Luzon Expressway. The José P. Laurel Highway is route that connects the town with Tanauan City, Malvar, and Lipa City all the way to Batangas City via San Jose town.

Jeepneys[edit]

  • Calamba - Tanauan
  • San Pablo City - Tanauan via Alaminos

Buses[edit]

  • Cubao - Lucena
  • Alabang
  • Bicol

UV Express[edit]

  • San Pablo City - Balibago Sta. Rosa
  • San Pablo City - Lipa City
  • Santo Tomas - Pala-pala, Dasmariñas Cavite

Local government[edit]

Santo Tomas Municipal Hall
Edna P. Sanchez, the incumbent mayor of Sto. Tomas
  • Mayor: Erwin Pukoy Cabusora
  • Vice Mayor: Ferdinand M. Ramos
  • Councilors:
    • Leovy Villegas
    • Danny Mabilangan
    • Edwin Ascaño
    • Peter Thomas Reyes
    • Boy Christopher Ramos
    • Renante "Super Talipa" Arcillas
    • Alex Guevarra
    • Primo Bathan
  • ABC president: Wilfredo Maliksi

Educational Institutions[edit]

The Polytechnic University of the Philippines Santo Tomas is one of the constituent branch of the PUP System and the only institution of higher learning in Santo Tomas, Batangas that serves the municipality and neighboring cities.
State University
Public High School[8]
Public Elementary Schools[9]

Sto. Tomas North District[edit]

A. Zone 1

  • Santo Tomas North Central School
  • San Roque Elementary School
  • Santa Cruz Elementary School

B. Zone 2

  • San Antonio Elementary School
  • Santiago Elementary School
  • Santa Anastacia-San Rafael Elementary School

C. Zone 3

  • Doña Tiburcia Carpio Malvar Elementary School
  • San Bartolome Elementary School
  • San Vicente Elementary School

Sto. Tomas South District[edit]

A. Zone 4

  • Sto. Tomas South Central School (formerly San Pedro Elementary School)
  • San Francisco Elementary School
  • San Isidro Elementary School
  • Santa Elena Elementary School
  • Santa Maria Elementary School

B. Zone 5

  • San Agustin Elementary School
  • San Bartolome Elementary School
  • San Felix Elementary School
  • San Jose Elementary School
  • San Juan Elementary School
  • San Pablo Elementary School
  • Santa Ana Elementary School

C. Zone 6

  • San Fernando Elementary School
  • San Joaquin Elementary School
  • San Luis Elementary School
  • Santa Clara Elementary Schooll
  • Santa Teresita Elementary School
Private Schools[10][11]
  • Almond Academy Foundation Inc.
  • AMS Learning School
  • Blue Isle Integrated School
  • Clareville School
  • Elyon Academia Foundation, Inc.
  • Greenville Academy of Sta. Clara
  • His Care Learning Center of Sta. Maria
  • Hope Christian Academy of Sto. Tomas
  • Kids for Jesus Academy Inc.
  • Maranatha Christian Academy of Sto. Tomas
  • Maranatha Christian Academy of Blue Isle
  • Mother Barbara Micarelli School
  • Pedagogia Children's School (Santo Tomas)
  • San Bartolome Adventist Elementary School
  • St. Thomas Academy
  • St. Thomas Montessori Learning Center
  • The Golden Child Literacy Place

Attractions[edit]

  • The World Famous Sto.Tomas Bulalo

The landmarks of Santo Tomas are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: BATANGAS". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Sto. Tomas, Batangas Wordpress
  5. ^ First Philippine Industrial Park
  6. ^ San Antonio Heights
  7. ^ Portello
  8. ^ [1] Batangas Province Masterlist of in Government Secondary Schools, Retrieved August 03, 2012
  9. ^ [2] Batangas Province Masterlist of in Government Elementary Schools, Retrieved August 03, 2012
  10. ^ [3] Batangas Province Masterlist of Private Elementary Schools, Retrieved August 03, 2012
  11. ^ [4] Batangas Province Masterlist of Secondary Schools, Retrieved August 03, 2012

External links[edit]