Rave Master

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Rave Master
Rave Master, Volume 1.jpg
Cover of the first tankōbon volume released in North America by Tokyopop, featuring Haru Glory (right) and Plue (left)
GenreAdventure,[1] fantasy[2]
Written byHiro Mashima
Published byKodansha
English publisher
ImprintShōnen Magazine Comics
MagazineWeekly Shōnen Magazine
Original runJuly 21, 1999September 9, 2005
Volumes35 (List of volumes)
Anime television series
Directed byTakashi Watanabe
Music byKenji Kawai
StudioStudio Deen
Licensed by
Original networkTBS
English network
Original run October 13, 2001 September 28, 2002
Episodes51 (List of episodes)
GenreAction, fighting
  • JP: March 20, 2002
  • NA: March 8, 2005
Special Attack Force
GenreAction, fighting
PlatformGame Boy Advance
  • JP: September 29, 2002
  • NA: March 8, 2005

Rave Master, Rave, and alternatively, The Groove Adventure Rave in Japan, is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Hiro Mashima. The series follows Haru Glory, a teenager on a quest to find the five fragments of the sacred stone of light Rave (renamed from "Holy Bring") in order to bring peace to the world by defeating the criminal group Demon Card. Mashima created this series with the idea of travelling around the world and was presented with difficulties in its serialization due to its considerable length.

The manga was serialized in Kodansha's Weekly Shōnen Magazine from July 1999 to July 2005, with its chapters collected in thirty-five tankōbon volumes. The manga series was licensed for an English release in North America by Tokyopop until Kodansha allowed their contract to expire. It was also adapted into a fifty-one episode anime series by Studio Deen, which was broadcast on TBS from October 2001 to September 2002. Tokyopop also licensed the anime adaptation, which was broadcast in the United States on Cartoon Network from June 2004 to July 2005.

As of 2020, the manga had 28.5 million copies in circulation.


In the year 0015, the world is corrupted by Dark Brings, evil stones that bestow powerful magic with different abilities to their owners. The Dark Brings are used by the Raregroove Kingdom, which is opposed by the Symphonia Kingdom with the five Rave stones. Shiba Roses, the Rave Master, attempts to destroy Sinclaire, the "mother" of all of the Dark Brings, with the Ten Commandments sword. However, the aftermath causes a massive explosion known as Overdrive, destroying one-tenth of the known world. Shiba, protected from the disaster by his special guardian "dog" Plue, holds onto the Rave required to power his sword. Plue and the four remaining Raves, however, get scattered around the world.

Fifty years later, sixteen-year-old Haru Glory lives on the peaceful Garage Island with his older sister, Cattleya. Shortly after Haru accidentally fishes Plue up, Shiba arrives wishing to reclaim Plue, but a group of terrorists from the Demon Card organization appear to kill Shiba. Shiba tells Haru that he is the second Rave Master, entrusting the Ten Commandments, Plue, and his Rave to him. Seeking power to defeat Demon Card, Haru and Plue set off on a journey to find the missing Rave stones. Upon arriving at the mainland, Haru befriends a girl named Elie, who has no recollection of her past. During their journey, Haru encounters enemies from Demon Card who eventually become his allies, including Shuda and Sieg Hart. Haru later meets a diverse group of allies, including Hamrio Musica, grandson of a blacksmith; Let Dahaka and Julia, two who appear human but are in fact of the Dragon Race; Griffon Kato, a strange blue creature and Plue's friend; Ruby, a penguin and a casino owner; Belnika, a mage; and Niebel, Sieg's close friend. He also encounters Gale "King" Raregroove, the king of the Raregroove Kingdom and leader of Demon Card. On the Tower of Din, Haru reunites with his absent father Gale Glory to defeat King and end Demon Card. Although they win, Gale sacrifices himself to save his son from Din's destruction.

Some time later, King's son, Lucia, appears and revives Demon Card. He wishes to capture Elie to use the magical energy known as Etherion hidden within her body. While facing Lucia and his forces, Haru's group also learn of the mythical creature known as Endless, which threatens mankind by provoking another Overdrive and can only be destroyed with Etherion. Using all Sinclaires, Lucia absorbs Endless. Lucia's objective is to destroy the world, which is actually a parallel dimension created by his ancestor with the Star Memory after the original was ruined by a plague and his family was cursed as a result. After Haru finds all of the Raves, Elie uses Etherion to combine them. In order to avoid another Overdrive, Haru and his friends oppose Lucia and his strongest enemies in the Star Memory. Although Haru defeats Lucia, he is absorbed by Endless and convinces Elie to destroy it even if it means taking his life. One year later, Elie has lost her memories of Haru, and she and the others visit his grave. Haru appears alive thanks to the Star Memory's magic and reunites with Elie, who then remembers him. The warriors go their separate ways, and Haru and Elie return to Garage Island to live together.


Manga author Hiro Mashima expressed both joy and difficulty in making the series due its themes.[3]

Hiro Mashima created Rave Master with the idea of travelling around the world.[4] Composed of thirty-five volumes, Mashima comments that although it was sometimes difficult to think of how to develop the storyline, he still remembers enjoying the making of Rave Master. Additionally, he regards that the series' end was "a little sentimental, a little sad."[3] In early chapters Mashima had multiple difficulties with the series' backgrounds.[5] Nevertheless, across the volumes Mashima realized how the art was evolving resulting in most appealing pages.[6] During publication, Rave Master was supposed to end in its ninth volume with King and Demon Card's defeat and all of the plot's mysteries resolved. This was planned since Mashima had the desire to make a new manga. In the end, he decided to continue with Rave Master following King's arc after finding such an ending too contrived.[7]

In both Rave Master and his other manga Fairy Tail, Mashima wants to make justice prevail but also make readers understand the villains' reasons to fight the main character in order to make them more complex characters.[4] In some cases, Mashima admitted having writer's block as he did not plan the abilities of certain characters with some readers referring to the Dark Brings as "too convenient."[8] The protagonist, Haru, was designed prior to developing the story as he was a male character Mashima always wanted to draw. His sidekick, Plue, was also designed much earlier when he was in high school.[9] Plue was given his own sidestory much to Mashima's surprise because of the funny looking characters designed for a shonen magazine.[10]



Rave Master began serialization in Weekly Shōnen Magazine from issue 32 of 1999, published on July 21, 1999[11] and ran for 296 chapters until its conclusion in issue 35 of 2005, published on September 10, 2005.[12] It was published in thirty-five collected volumes by Kodansha, with the first volume released in November 1999 and the final volume released in September 2005.[13][14] The series was later rereleased in eighteen bunkoban volumes between August 10, 2006 and April 12, 2007.[15][16]

Rave Master was licensed for an English release in North America by Tokyopop, which released 32 volumes of the series.[17] On August 31, 2009, Tokyopop announced that they would not be completing the series as their licenses with Kodansha expired and Kodansha required that they immediately stop publication of all previously licensed series, including Rave Master.[18] The next month, it was announced that Del Rey Manga had acquired the license and would begin publishing the remaining volumes in 2010.[19] The last three volumes were published in a single omnibus volume. Del Rey never released the earlier volumes before their license expired.[20] In 2017 Kodansha USA licensed the series for release in digital format,[21] and released all volumes on October 3, 2017. The volumes are available on digital platforms such as Amazon Kindle and Apple Books.[22]

The series is licensed for regional language releases in French by Glenat, in Spanish by Norma Editorial, and in Italian by Editions Star Comics. Egmont Manga & Anime licensed Rave Master for a German release, including serializing it in their monthly anthology Manga Power [de]. Rave Master was also one of the first manga series released in Spanish in North America by Public Square Books.[23]

In 2011, Mashima authored a crossover one-shot between Rave Master and Fairy Tail. It was published in Kodansha's Magazine Special May issue.[24]


The series was adapted into a fifty-one episode anime series, entitled Groove Adventure Rave, by Studio Deen.[25] It was directed by Takashi Watanabe and the music was composed by Kenji Kawai.[26] The anime premiered on TBS on October 13, 2001 and ran until September 28, 2002. The anime series is based on the first twelve volumes of the manga series. The series was also collected in a total of seventeen DVD volumes between February 6, 2002 and June 4, 2003.[27][28]

Tokyopop licensed the series for release and broadcast in North America.[29] As with the manga, Tokyopop released the series under the name Rave Master. Rita Majkut produced the English-language version, which edited the series for its content and length and given an alternate musical score composed by Glenn Scott Lacey. The dub was recorded at Bill & Ted's Recording Studio in Burbank. The ADR writer was Bob Buchholz, and Marc Handler was the voice director for all of the episodes. The dub aired on Cartoon Network in the United States, premiering in June 2004 as part of the Toonami programming block.[30][31] The series' second half began airing on January 22, 2005.[32] It was also on the MiGUZi weekday afternoon after-school action block and its Sunday Morning daytime lineup of Summer 2005. Syfy would begun airing the series on March 16, 2009 as part of its "Ani-Monday" programming block, where it ran until its conclusion on September 21, 2009.[2] Tokyopop released three DVD volumes of the series and in 2010 it collected the entire series.[33]

The one-shot crossover between Rave Master and Fairy Tail was adapted into an original video animation with Mashima himself acting as supervisor to the project and had expanded the original chapter to include more characters from Rave Master. It was released on August 16, 2013 alongside the thirty-ninth volume of Fairy Tail.[34]


The Japanese audio by Kenji Kawai was released in a total of four CD soundtracks by King Records.[35][36][37][38] Geneon also published a CD based on the Japanese soundtrack for English release under the title of Rave Master: Music Side.[39]

Video games[edit]

There are six video games based on Rave Master published by Konami. Three games were released for the PlayStation including the role-playing games Groove Adventure Rave and its sequel Groove Adventure Rave: Mikan no Hiseki (GROOVE ADVENTURE RAVE ~未完の秘石~), and platforming game Plue no Daibouken from Groove Adventure Rave.[40][41][42]

For Nintendo's consoles Konami released both Groove Adventure Rave and Rave Master: Special Attack Force! (Groove Adventure Rave: Hikari to Yami no Daikessen 2), two fighting games for the Game Boy Advance, and Rave Master, which was released on the Nintendo GameCube.[43][44]


The Rave Master manga has been well received with its Western release appearing in Diamond Comic Distributors's graphic novels charts.[45][46] The manga and anime series also received positive impressions from Jason Thompson's book Manga: The Complete Guide, giving the series a positive review of 3 out of 4 stars.[47] Chris Beveridge from Mania Entertainment also enjoyed the series recommending people to buy multiple volumes rather than one to enjoy the connected story arcs. He praised the series' fight scenes coupled with the emotional content that makes the series worth reading.[48] UK Anime Network writer Rory Carlyle shared similar comments as he viewed the series to be "pretty good" despite having common standards seen in multiple shōnen manga.[49] Carlyle was surprised by the multiple character designs that included humanoid and superdeformed characters besides common ones like Haru.[49] The artwork was also praised by Anime News Network's Allen Divers who referred to the series as "a try before you buy" based on the simple storyline.[50]

The anime series was praised by Anime News Network and DVDTalk for its animation, although its fight scenes received a negative response.[1] In addition, Tokyopop's English dub for the series garnered significant criticism for its script rewrites, voice acting, and soundtrack.[1][51] Both reviewers found that the series was better suited towards a young audience but expected an uncut version of the anime to attract older fans.[1][52]

As of 2020, the manga had 23.5 million copies in circulation.[53]


  1. ^ a b c d Santos, Carlo (November 8, 2004). "Rave Master DVD 1: Quest Begins". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Sci Fi Channel to Run Rave Master Fantasy Anime". Anime News Network. 2009-01-19. Retrieved 2009-01-20.
  3. ^ a b Aoki, Deb (August 17, 2008). "Interview: Hiro Mashima, page 1". About.com. Retrieved November 7, 2009.
  4. ^ a b Santos, Carlo (August 17, 2008). "Interview: Hiro Mashima". Anime News Network. Retrieved November 7, 2009.
  5. ^ Mashima, Hiro (2003). Rave Master 2. Tokyopop. p. 187. ISBN 978-1-59182-065-9.
  6. ^ Mashima, Hiro (2004). Rave Master 8. Tokyopop. p. 185. ISBN 978-1-59182-518-0.
  7. ^ Mashima, Hiro (2004). Rave Master 9. Tokyopop. p. 195. ISBN 978-1-59182-519-7.
  8. ^ Mashima, Hiro (2003). Rave Master 2. Tokyopop. p. 178. ISBN 978-1-59182-065-9.
  9. ^ Mashima, Hiro (2003). Rave Master 1. Tokyopop. pp. 135–136. ISBN 978-1-59182-064-2.
  10. ^ Mashima, Hiro (2003). Rave Master 6. Tokyopop. p. 197. ISBN 978-1-59182-213-4.
  11. ^ 雑誌巻号:週刊少年マガジン 1999/07/21 表示号数32. Media Arts Database (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
  12. ^ 週刊少年マガジン 2005/08/10 表示号数35. Media Arts Database (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
  13. ^ "Rave (1)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Archived from the original on November 22, 2005. Retrieved January 15, 2009.
  14. ^ "Rave (35)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Archived from the original on November 23, 2005. Retrieved January 15, 2009.
  15. ^ "Rave (1)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  16. ^ "Rave (18)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  17. ^ "Rave Manga Licensed by Tokyopop". Anime News Network. 2002-07-17. Retrieved 2008-05-05.
  18. ^ "Tokyopop Confirms Its Kodansha Manga Licenses Will End". Anime News Network. August 31, 2009. Retrieved September 1, 2009.
  19. ^ "Del Rey Gets Here I Am, Rave Master, Arisa Manga (Updated)". Anime News Network. September 26, 2009. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
  20. ^ Aoki, Deb (September 1, 2009). "The Kodansha-Tokyopop Split: Which Manga Are Left in Limbo?". About.com. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
  21. ^ Kodansha Adds Rave Master, All Out!!, Shojo Fight Manga Digitally
  22. ^ Rave Master, Kodansha USA
  23. ^ "Manga in Spanish from Public Square Books". Anime News Network. 2006-01-04. Retrieved 2008-03-09.
  24. ^ "Fairy Tail x Rave Crossover Manga 1-Shot Published". Anime News Network. April 20, 2011. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  25. ^ "New Anime coming to Japan". Anime News Network. July 27, 2001. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  26. ^ "「RAVE[レイヴ]」". Studio Deen. Archived from the original on June 2, 2002. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  27. ^ "RAVE (1) DVD" (in Japanese). 6 February 2002. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  28. ^ "RAVE (17) DVD" (in Japanese). CDJapan. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  29. ^ "Rave Master On Toonami In 2004". ICv2. November 6, 2003. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  30. ^ "Rave Master Now Set for June Bow". ICv2. May 15, 2004. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  31. ^ "Cartoon Network Parties with Rave Master". animationmagazine.net. 10 May 2004. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  32. ^ "Rave Master Scheduled". ICv2. January 20, 2005. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  33. ^ "Tokyopop Starts DVD-on-Demand Service with Rave Master". Anime News Network. March 3, 2010. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  34. ^ "Fairy Tail x Rave Master Crossover Manga Gets Anime DVD". Anime News Network. April 15, 2013. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  35. ^ "RAVE THE SONG & STORY" (in Japanese). Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  36. ^ "RAVE ボーカル&サウンドトラックII All need is RAVE" (in Japanese). Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  37. ^ "RAVE オリジナルサウンドトラック III「MUSIC SIDE」" (in Japanese). Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  38. ^ "RAVE ドラマ&キャラクターソング 「VARIETY SIDE」" (in Japanese). Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  39. ^ "Rave Master CD Soundtrack". RightStuf. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  40. ^ "GROOVE ADVENTURE RAVE 〜悠久の絆〜" (in Japanese). Konami. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  41. ^ "GROOVE ADVENTURE RAVE 〜未完の秘石〜" (in Japanese). Konami. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  42. ^ "プルーのだいぼうけん from GROOVE ADVENTURE RAVE" (in Japanese). Konami. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  43. ^ "GROOVE ADVENTURE RAVE 〜光と闇の大決戦〜" (in Japanese). Konami. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  44. ^ "Konami Ships Two Titles Based on the Popular Anime Property Rave Master" (Press release). GameSpot. March 9, 2005. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  45. ^ "Top 100 Graphic Novels Actual--July 2004". ICv2. August 17, 2004. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  46. ^ "Top 100 Graphic Novels Actual--December 2004". ICv2. January 18, 2005. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  47. ^ Thompson, Jason (2007). Manga: The Complete Guide. Del Rey. ISBN 978-0345485908.
  48. ^ Beveridge, Chris. "Rave Master Vol. #09". Mania Entertainment. Archived from the original on January 4, 2014. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
  49. ^ a b Carlyle, Rory (January 1, 2004). "Manga Review: Rave Master 1". UK Anime Network. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
  50. ^ Divers, Allen (February 5, 2004). "Tankobon Tower Groundhog Day Goodness". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
  51. ^ Sinnott, John (October 12, 2004). "Rave Master DVD 1: Quest Begins". DVDTalk. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  52. ^ Santos, Carlo (March 17, 2005). "Rave Master DVD 2: Release the Beasts". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  53. ^ "【インタビュー】迷ったら読者を取れ――漫画家・真島ヒロを「仕事の鬼」に変えたクリエイティブの原点". ライブドアニュース (in Japanese). Retrieved 31 July 2022.

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