Rhiwbina community and electoral ward in Cardiff
|Population||11,369 (2011 Census)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament|
Rhiwbina (//; Welsh: Rhiwbeina [r̥ɪuˈbɛina], also Rhiwbina) is a suburb and community in the north of Cardiff, the capital of Wales. Formerly a small hamlet within the parish of Whitchurch, Rhiwbina was developed throughout the twentieth century, and is now a separate ward. It retains aspects of its former character, however, and is given a Welsh village appearance by Beulah United Reformed Church (originally Capel Beulah) at the village crossroads.
Modern Rhiwbina, which includes Rhiwbina Garden Village, Wenallt Hill, Rhiwbina Hill, Rhydwaedlyd and the Llanishen Fach and Pantmawr developments, is bordered by the suburbs of Whitchurch (Yr Eglwys Newydd) to the west, Llanishen to the east, and Birchgrove (Llwynbedw) to the south. To the north is the border with Caerphilly. The area is served by Rhiwbina railway station on the Coryton Line.
Etymology and pronunciation
The earliest records of a settlement in the area are found in the 12th century Book of Llandaff. This records that Rhiwallon, son of Rhan, gave up his "Rhiwbrien" property and that it be[clarification needed] transferred to the Bishop in 1040. A papal bull of Honorius II, also records that "Rhiwbrien" was part of the Bishop's holdings in 1129. The modern name, Rhiwbina is first documented in a 1630 survey of the Cantref of Senghenydd; it states that the ground on which the ruins of Castell Coch stood belonged to "Henry Morgan of Rhiwbyna". The name also appears in a Will of 1708 as Rhiwhina and in 1777 as Rhubina.
Although the first element is unanimously agreed to derive from rhiw (meaning a slope or ascent, matching Rhiwbina's topography), there is no agreed etymology for the second. The suggestions for pina, from the local Welsh dialect form of pinau (pine-trees) and for pannier (referring to the panniers of the mules carrying iron through the village from Caerphilly to Cardiff) have both been rejected as the name appears to predate both ironworking in Caerphilly and the introduction of pine trees to the area. A popular folk etymology states that the name derives from Rhiw Beuno (with Beuno likely referring to St Beuno).
Archive recordings of Welsh speakers from the area all pronounce the penultimate vowel as /i:/ (Rhiw-BE-na). However, as the village developed throughout the 20th century, the number of people with Welsh as their first language continued to decline. This demographic shift saw the name often mispronounced by those unfamiliar with Welsh orthography, and pronouncing the name with a penultimate diphthong, /aɪ/ (Rhiw-BYE-na) instead.
To better reflect the original and new pronunciations, the village is one of only eight settlements in Wales to have two standardised Welsh spellings, Rhiwbina and Rhiwbeina.
Near the summit of the Wenallt, to the north of Rhiwbina, are the remains of an oval encampment probably dating from the Iron Age, the earliest evidence of settlement in the area. At the base of the hill is a medieval motte called the Twmpath Castle, which is a scheduled monument.
The last native Welsh Prince of Morgannwg (Glamorgan), Iestyn ap Gwrgant, may have been killed in a battle north of Rhiwbina towards the end of the 11th century, near the present-day Butchers Arms public house. The stream nearby is still called Rhyd Waedlyd, which means 'Bloody Ford'. Rhydwaedlyd was the title given to housing developments to Rhiwbina's east in the latter half of the 20th century. This area has since come to be considered part of Rhiwbina itself and the name 'Rhydwaedlyd' has fallen out of use entirely.
Until the 20th century the area remained rural, with few houses. The railway station opened in 1911, and the following year development began of Rhiwbina Garden Village, a new garden suburb based on a masterplan by Sir Raymond Unwin, one of the leading architects of the Garden city movement. The first 34 houses were built in 1913 and more were built from 1919 to 1923, occupying an area between Pen-y-dre and Lon Isa which became known as Rhiwbina Garden Village. It was designated as a Conservation Area in 1976.
A focal point in Rhiwbina in the early 20th century was the "Rhiwbina Tea Gardens". Owned by the Smart family, it later became "Rhiwbina Motor Garages" in response to the rise of the motor car and subsequently the area's first video rental outlet in the early 1980s. The business was closed on the retirement of Cliff Smart in 1989 and the site is now occupied by the development of Clos Yr Ardd. This translates as Garden Close, in memory of the Tea Gardens, but there is little greenery left.
Rhiwbina village centre is small compared to nearby Whitchurch and Birchgrove, but has in recent years undergone a revival, and is now a popular shopping destination for gifts and art.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2018)
There are three schools within the ward – Rhiwbeina Primary School, Llanishen Fach Primary School and Greenhill School. Llanishen Fach is the only school in Cardiff which sends its Year 6 pupils to two main secondary schools, Whitchurch High, and Llanishen High. Rhiwbina currently has no Welsh-medium school. As a result, some local children travel to the nearby Ysgol y Wern and Ysgol Melin Griffith to receive their education.
The area has a large number of churches and chapels including All Saints (Church in Wales), Beulah (URC), Bethesda (Independent), Rhiwbina Baptist Church, Bethany (Baptist), Bethel (Methodist) and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
To the north of Rhiwbina is a parade of shops on Heol Llanishen Fach, built in the 1960s to serve an extensive area of new housing. Also to the north of Rhiwbina village is the Deri Stores, a family run shop on the corner of Wenallt Road and Rhiwbina Hill which used to be a post office, and before that a cafe. Another parade of shops was built further north at Pantmawr, but has since been demolished and replaced by houses.
Rhiwbina has been the home of many noted Welsh artists including the authors Jack Jones and Kate Roberts, musician Howard Jones, dramatist Tom Richards and the actress Rachel Thomas, who worked together.
Since 1997 the 'Deri' community quarterly newsletter has been published by the Rhiwbina Civic Society. Rhiwbina also has a quarterly magazine launched on 15 November 2007, called Rhiwbina Living. A similar publication, "Wenallt", was published between 1972 and 1980 but failed due to a lack of local advertising. A hyperlocal news and information website Rhiwbina Info has operated since 2013.
The Welsh language
Beulah United Reformed Church was originally a Welsh-speaking congregationalist chapel, but the services turned to English in 1898. Bethel Methodist Church continues to hold Welsh-language services.
The electoral ward of Rhiwbina falls within the parliamentary constituency of Cardiff North. It is bounded by the wards of Lisvane and Llanishen to the east; Heath to the southeast; and Whitchurch & Tongwynlais to the west.
- Cardiff Council: The ward returns three councillors to Cardiff Council. Rhiwbina is represented by Jayne Cowan (Conservative), Adrian Robson (Conservative) and Oliver Owen (Conservative).
- Senedd Cymru: Part of the Cardiff North constituency within the Senedd, it is represented by Julie Morgan MS (Welsh Labour).
- Westminster: Part of the Cardiff North constituency within the Parliament, it is represented by Anna McMorrin MP Welsh Labour, who has held the seat since 2017, taking it from the former Welsh Conservative Party MP Craig Williams.
There are three railway stations located within Rhiwbina. The principal station is Rhiwbina railway station, located behind the library in the heart of the village. The other two stations are Birchgrove railway station, located in the east of the ward, and Whitchurch railway station, Cardiff in the west. These two stations were built (as their names suggest) to service other adjacent areas, but the expansion of Rhiwbina and its clear demarcation from Whitchurch has meant that all three stations are now located within the boundaries of the ward. All of the stations are on the Cardiff Central to Coryton Line, and were built by the Cardiff Railway Company. Presently, services continue through west Cardiff via the City Line to Radyr.
Cardiff Bus services 21 (Central Station - Gabalfa - Birchgrove - Whitchurch - Coryton - Rhiwbina) and 23 (Central Station - Gabalfa - Birchgrove - Rhiwbina - Coryton - Whitchurch) frequently run through the area. Crossgates Coaches also ran service 22 (Heath Hospital – Rhiwbina) but this route ceased running in 2013.
Sport and leisure
Rhiwbina Recreation Club is a centre of activities within the community, and is home to tennis, rugby, squash, bowls and table tennis clubs.
Rhiwbina RFC, the local rugby union club operates sides from Under 7 to Under 16, plus a youth and three senior teams. The First XV was promoted to Division 4 East after an unbeaten League run in Season 2006/07. The club operates from the Rhiwbina Recreational Club.
Rhiwbina Squash Club has men's teams playing in the Premier, South Wales and South Glamorgan Leagues. The club also has a Junior and Ladies section. Rhiwbina Squash Club were the 2011 South Wales Premier League Champions.
- Andrew Davies, (born 1936), author and screenwriter, was born in Rhiwbina.
- Gerald Davies, (born 1945), Welsh rugby player in the 1970s, lived in Wenallt Road, Rhiwbina.
- Andy Fairweather Low, (born 1948), pop musician, lived in Heol Wen, Rhiwbina.
- Polly James, (fl. 2010s -) television and radio presenter lived in the area as a child.
- Howard Jones, (born 1955), pop musician, lived in Rhiwbina until the age of 13.
- Jack Jones, (1884–1970), novelist, lived in Rhiwbina in the 1920s.
- T. Alwyn Lloyd, (1881–1960), architect, designed several houses in Rhiwbina Garden Village, including his own house, Hafod Llwyd, 11 Heol Wen, now a listed building
- Rhodri Morgan, (1939-2017), politician, lived in Rhiwbina Garden Village.
- Evan Roberts, (1878–1951), minister, lived on Beulah Road many years after the 1904–1905 Revival.
- Kate Roberts, (1891–1985), novelist, lived in Rhiwbina from 1929 to 1931.
- Keith Rowlands, (1936-2006), rugby player for Wales and the British and Irish Lions, lived in Rhiwbina in retirement and was president of Rhiwbina RFC and in 2004, he became Welsh Rugby Union President.
- Stan Stennett, (1925–2013), entertainer, lived in Rhiwbina.
- Sam Warburton, (born 1988), captain of the Wales and British and Irish Lions rugby union teams. He has lived most of his life in Rhiwbina and still resides there.
- Alan Wilkins, (born 1953), cricketer and sports commentator, was born and grew up in Rhiwbina.
- "Rhiwbina: What's in a name?". Living Magazines. 26 August 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
- Deacon, Thomas (10 June 2016). "How the suburbs of Cardiff got their names". Wales Online. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
- Foster Evans, Dylan (6 August 2018). "Lleisiau coll Cymraeg Caerdydd". National Museum of Wales (in Welsh). Retrieved 29 June 2021.
- "Rhestr o Enwau Lleoedd Safonol Cymru". Welsh Government (in Welsh). 5 May 2021. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
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- "Rhyd Waedlyd". coflein. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- "Rhiwbina Garden Village". Cardiff City Council. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- 'Welsh Language Commissioner: 2011 Census results by Community Archived 22 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Beulah United Reformed Church History; retrieved 5 March 2015.
- "Our Clubs". Rhiwbina Recreation Club. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- "Andrew Davies". BBC. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- "Andy Fairweather Low". walesonline. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- "Style of the City talks exclusively with Polly James, one of Wales' favourite radio presenters". 14 October 2019.
- "Howard Jones". famouswelsh.com. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- "Jack Jones". writersplaques.org. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- "Kate Roberts". myglyw.org.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- "Stan Stennett". welshicons.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- "Why I love Rhiwbina" by Alan Wilkins, Living Magazines Cardiff, 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
- Tomlinson, Ken; Tomlinson, Andrew. "The Rhiwbina Twmpath - A medieval motte in north Cardiff". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015.
- www.rhiwbina.info : Rhiwbina Info hyperlocal site