Rhymney Railway A class

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Rhymney Railway
A and A1 classes
Pontypridd Station geograph-2558326-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
'A' class 0-6-2T No. 58 passing Pontypridd Station 1949
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer C. T. Hurry Riches
Builder Robert Stephenson & Co. (13);
Hudswell Clarke (11)
Build date 1910–1918
Total produced 24
Configuration 0-6-2T
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia. 4 ft 4 12 in (1,334 mm)
Length 35 ft 9 in (10.90 m)
Loco weight 63.00–64.15 long tons (64.0–65.2 t)
Fuel type Coal
Boiler pressure 175 lbf/in2 (1.21 MPa)
Cylinders Two, inside
Cylinder size 18 in × 26 in (457 mm × 660 mm) or 18.5 in × 26 in (470 mm × 660 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort 23,870 lbf (106.2 kN) or
25,210 lbf (112.1 kN)
Operators Rhymney Railway,
Great Western Railway,
British Railways
Class RR: A or A1
Power class BR: 4F
Number in class A: 16; A1: 8
Withdrawn 1948–1955

The Rhymney Railway A class were 0-6-2T tank locomotives introduced into traffic in 1910 and designed by the railway's engineer Hurry Riches. These were substantial sized tank engines, and weighed 64 long tons (72 short tons; 65 t) (63 long tons or 71 short tons or 64 tonnes after rebuilding) and were 35 ft 9 in (10.90 m) in length.


There were initially five locos in the class augmented by another five in 1911, then three in 1914, two in 1916 and three in 1918. They were built by Robert Stephenson and Company and Hudswell Clarke. The last eight differed in having Belpaire fireboxes and were classed as A1.

Year RR class RR Nos. Builder Builder Nos. GWR/BR Nos.
1910 A 10–14 Robert Stephenson & Co. 3387–3391 52–56
1910 A 115–119 Robert Stephenson & Co. 3392–3396 71–75
1911 A 15, 18–22 Hudswell Clarke 946–951 57–62
1914 A1 23–25 Hudswell Clarke 1063–1065 63–65
1916 A1 26–27 Hudswell Clarke 1119–1120 66–67
1918 A1 28–30 Robert Stephenson & Co. 3660–3662 68–70

Overview of RR classes[edit]

The A class, and the preceding M class of 1904 and R class of 1910, were closely related designs ideally suited to hauling heavy coal trains a relatively short distance.

These three classes (and the larger wheeled P class) were designed for work on the Rhymney Railway, replacing smaller locomotives. When the smaller railway companies were forcibly merged into the Great Western Railway (GWR) in 1923, these modern 0-6-2's were in generally good order (some were a few months old) and had proved successful. Collectively they became the blueprint for the 200 strong GWR 5600 Class.

Rebuilds of RR classes[edit]

Fifteen A class locos were upgraded from 1926 onwards. All told twenty nine "Stephenson" locos were similarly dealt with up to as late as 1949. In 1929 No 55 was reboilered by the GWR and in this form was visually almost indistinguishable from the GWR 5600 Class.

The GWR number 2 boiler (used on the 5600 class) was also suitable for the M and R class Rhymney locomotives. The A and P classes were also rebuilt but used the slightly shorter standard number 10 boiler, also to good effect.

GWR 5600 Class[edit]

The design of the 5600 class followed the Rhymney designs quite closely but adopted GWR practice as far as possible, by utilising many standardized parts. Included in Collett’s innovations was a standard number 2 boiler which was suitable for the 5600 (and the M and R class Rhymney locomotives), complete with the traditional copper GWR safety valve casing and copper-capped chimney.

Welsh 0-6-2T types[edit]

The railways of South Wales seem to have had a particular liking for the 0-6-2T type. This was because the nature of the work they undertook demanded high adhesive weight, plenty of power with good braking ability, but no need for outright speed, nor large tanks or bunker as the distances from pit to port were short. These Welsh locomotives were taken over by the GWR at the grouping in 1923 and many including seventeen of the Rhymney A, M, P and R's were rebuilt with GWR taper boilers. All the Rhymney Stephenson derived locos passed into British Railways (BR) ownership in 1948. Others included (with some gaps in numbering):

For further information on these pre-grouping locomotives see Locomotives of the Great Western Railway.

See also[edit]


  • Casserley, H. C. & Johnston, Stuart W. (1966). Locomotives at the Grouping 4: Great Western Railway. Shepperton, Middlesex: Ian Allan Limited. p. 90. 

External links[edit]