GWR Bogie Class

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The Great Western Railway (GWR) Bogie Class 4-4-0ST were broad gauge steam locomotives for passenger train work. The first two locomotives of this class were introduced into service in August/September 1849, with the remainder following between June 1854 and March 1855. All were withdrawn between October 1871 and December 1880.

Corsair and Brigand[edit]

GWR Bogie Class
GWR bogie class Horace.jpg
Horace c.1854
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer Daniel Gooch
Builder Great Western Railway (2)
R and W Hawthorn (13)
Build date 1849 (GWR-built)
1854-1855 (R and W Hawthorn built)
Total produced 15
Configuration 4-4-0ST
Gauge 7 ft 14 in (2,140 mm)
Leading dia. 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
Driver dia. 6 ft 0 in (1,829 mm) (GWR built)
5 ft 9 in (1,753 mm) (R and W Hawthorn built)
Wheelbase 18 ft 2 in (5.54 m) (GWR built)
18 ft 0 in (5.49 m) (R and W Hawthorn built)
Cylinder size 17 in × 24 in (432 mm × 610 mm)
Operators Great Western Railway
Class Bogie
Number in class 15
Withdrawn 1871-1880
Disposition All scrapped

The first two locomotives were built at Swindon railway works in 1849 for working trains on the steep and tightly-curved South Devon Railway which at that time was operated by locomotives from the Great Western Railway. The frames only ran from the front of the flangeless forward driving wheels to the rear buffer beam. The bogie swivelled in a ball-and-socket joint, riveted to a gussett under the boiler barrel.[1] The operation of South Devon Railway had been contracted by that company to Messrs Evans and Geach from 1851 – using new 4-4-0STs designed by Daniel Gooch – and so the Bogie Class found use on other parts of the Great Western network. In 1855 additional locomotives were built for the GWR by R and W Hawthorn.


Build date Retire date Name Builder Named for Other notes
1849 1873 Brigand GWR Brigand After it was withdrawn, this locomotive was sold to Edwards & Suter but found its way back to Swindon Works in 1878 where it was broken up.
1849 1873 Corsair GWR Corsair On withdrawal it was sold to the Cilely Colliery at Tonyrefail.
1855 1871 Euripides Hawthorn Euripides
1855 1872 Hesiod Hawthorn Hesiod
1854 1873 Homer Hawthorn Homer
1854 1880 Horace Hawthorn Horace
1854 1873 Juvenal Hawthorn Juvenal The locomotive was sold to Dobson, Brown & Adams in 1874.
1855 1872 Lucan Hawthorn Lucan
1854 1872 Lucretius Hawthorn Lucretius
1854 1873 Ovid Hawthorn Ovid
1854 1873 Sappho Hawthorn Sappho After withdrawal, Sappho was sold to the Staveley Coal and Iron Company.
1854 1872 Seneca Hawthorn Seneca
1855 1871 Statius Hawthorn Statius
1854 1873 Theocritus Hawthorn Theocritus Theocritus was sold to the Staveley Coal and Iron Company in 1874.
1854 1873 Virgil Hawthorn Virgil


  • Reed, P. J. T. (February 1953). White, D. E., ed. The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, Part 2: Broad Gauge. Kenilworth: RCTS. pp. B21–B23. ISBN 0-901115-32-0. 
  1. ^ Brewer, John. "Broad Gauge 4-4-0 Tanks". Broadsheet (Broad Gauge Society) (17): 3.