GWR 5205 Class

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GWR 5205 Class
Swindon 03 Works geograph-2578126-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
5205 Class locomotive at Swindon Works fresh from repair
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerCharles Collett
BuilderGWR Swindon Works
Build date1923–1940
Total produced100
 • Whyte2-8-0T
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia.4 ft 7 12 in (1,410 mm)
Loco weight82 long tons 2 cwt (183,900 lb or 83.4 t)
(92.0 short tons)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity4 long tons 0 cwt (9,000 lb or 4.1 t)
(4.5 short tons)
Water cap1,800 imp gal (8,200 l; 2,200 US gal)
Boiler pressure200 psi (1,400 kPa)
Cylinderstwo outside
Cylinder size19 in × 30 in (483 mm × 762 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort33,170 lbf (147.5 kN)
Power classGWR: E
BR: 8F
Numbers5205–94, 5255–64 (numbers used twice)
Axle load classGWR: Red
  • 5275–94: 1934
  • 5255–64 (1st), 5265–74: 1935–36
  • 5205–54, 5255–64 (2nd): 1961–1965
Disposition40 rebuilt as 7200 Class; 3 preserved; remainder scrapped

The Great Western Railway (GWR) 5205 Class is a class of 2-8-0T steam locomotives.


5205 Class[edit]

They were designed for short-haul coal trips[1] from coal mines to ports in South Wales. They were based on the 4200 Class which had been introduced by the Great Western Railway in 1910. The 5205 series were of the same general design and 70 of the 5205 class were built, 5205-5274. They retained the straight frames of the 4200s, but had outside steam pipes and 19" diameter cylinders so were slightly more powerful than their predecessors.[1]

Twenty 5205s, 5255-5274 were converted to the 7200 Class in 1934/6.[1]

5275 Class[edit]

Twenty more locomotives to the same general design were built from 1930. This series had curved frames at the front with a raised section of frame over cylinders which were of the same size as the 5205 series. These were 5275 to 5294. These were all rebuilt as 7200 Class in 1934 without seeing significant use. Ten more, 5255-5264 were built in 1940, reusing numbers from 5205 class members which had also been rebuilt as 7200 Class.[1]


Three examples of the 5205 class have been preserved with two of them 5224 and 5239 having run in preservation. No members of the 5275 class have been preserved in their original form, but two survive in rebuilt form in the 7200 class.

Number Year Built Withdrawn Location Status Notes
5224 1924 1963 Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway Under Overhaul Left Woodham Brothers, Barry Island in October 1978. Now owned by Pete Waterman, under overhaul at Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway, Gloucestershire. Has a 5275 style front end, curved foot plate and a raised section over the cylinders.Returned in 2000 and withdrawn in 2011 she is now under overhaul to working condition.
5227 1924 1962 Didcot Railway Centre.[2] Scrapyard condition One of the "Barry Ten". Axleboxes being used as part of the 4709 project. Retains straight frames.
5239 1924 1963 East Somerset Railway[3] Under Overhaul Left Barry Island in June 1973.[4] Has 5275 front end, curved foot plate and a raised section over the cylinders. Under heavy overhaul at the East Somerset Railway for the Dartmouth Steam Railway.


In 2012, Hornby released models of the 5205 class in both BR black and GWR green. [5]


  1. ^ a b c d le Fleming, H.M. (February 1962). White, D.E. (ed.). The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part nine: Standard Two-Cylinder Classes. RCTS. p. J38-J42.
  2. ^ "Didcot Railway Centre : Centre Guide: Locomotives : 5227". Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  3. ^ "Dartmouth Steam Railway & River Boat Company : Our Locomotives". Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  4. ^ "The Story of Barry Scrapyard - Saved GWR Locomotives". Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  5. ^ "Model Rail Database". Model Rail Database. Retrieved 13 September 2015.