Sơn Tây, Hanoi

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Coordinates: 21°08′N 105°30′E / 21.133°N 105.500°E / 21.133; 105.500

Sơn Tây
Thị xã Sơn Tây
Town (Class-3)
Sơn Tây Town
Son Tay2.JPG
Sơn Tây is located in Vietnam
Sơn Tây
Sơn Tây
Location of Sơn Tây in Vietnam
Coordinates: 21°8′N 105°30′E / 21.133°N 105.500°E / 21.133; 105.500
Country Vietnam
ProvinceHanoi
Area
 • Total113.5 km2 (43.8 sq mi)
Population (March 2008)
 • Total181,831
 • Density1,602/km2 (4,150/sq mi)

Sơn Tây (About this sound listen) is a provincial town ("thị xã") in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam. It was the capital of Son Tay province before merging with Ha Dong province to form Hà Tây province in 1965. Son Tay lies 35 km west of the capital Hanoi. It had a city status in Hà Tây province. However, when Hà Tây was absorbed into Hanoi, Sơn Tây was demoted from a city to a town[1].

It is often referred to as “soldier town” due to the proliferation of army barracks and military institutions that surrounds the town, including the Vietnamese People's Army Infantry Academy.

Sơn Tây's future is seen as being very much that of a satellite city of Hanoi and as a result there are plans to relocate universities and other public facilities to Son Tay where land is cheaper and more plentiful. The government have commenced this ambitious program by duplicating the main Hanoi—Sơn Tây carriageway which was expected to be completed in 2009.

History[edit]

Sơn Tây is known for its thousand year old villages, such as Duong Lam which retains a collection of vernacular architecture with buildings and temples built using laterite bricks. Và Temple, or Đông Cung, dedicated to Tản Viên is located on a hill covered with ironwood trees in Vân Giã hamlet, Trung Hưng commune, Sơn Tây town.[2] Pham Van Son, a general was from Son Tay.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sơn Tây, Hanoi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.4
(88.5)
33.3
(91.9)
37.6
(99.7)
37.6
(99.7)
40.5
(104.9)
41.0
(105.8)
39.7
(103.5)
38.7
(101.7)
36.7
(98.1)
35.0
(95)
34.0
(93.2)
31.2
(88.2)
41.0
(105.8)
Average high °C (°F) 19.7
(67.5)
20.3
(68.5)
23.2
(73.8)
27.5
(81.5)
31.5
(88.7)
32.9
(91.2)
33.1
(91.6)
32.4
(90.3)
31.3
(88.3)
29.0
(84.2)
25.5
(77.9)
22.1
(71.8)
27.4
(81.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
17.2
(63)
20.0
(68)
23.8
(74.8)
27.1
(80.8)
28.6
(83.5)
28.9
(84)
28.4
(83.1)
27.2
(81)
24.7
(76.5)
21.3
(70.3)
17.9
(64.2)
23.4
(74.1)
Average low °C (°F) 14.1
(57.4)
15.2
(59.4)
18.0
(64.4)
21.3
(70.3)
24.1
(75.4)
25.7
(78.3)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
24.6
(76.3)
21.9
(71.4)
18.5
(65.3)
15.2
(59.4)
20.8
(69.4)
Record low °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
5.4
(41.7)
4.5
(40.1)
13.0
(55.4)
17.3
(63.1)
20.4
(68.7)
19.5
(67.1)
19.8
(67.6)
17.2
(63)
15.4
(59.7)
9.2
(48.6)
5.1
(41.2)
4.5
(40.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22
(0.87)
25
(0.98)
44
(1.73)
105
(4.13)
226
(8.9)
281
(11.06)
330
(12.99)
298
(11.73)
229
(9.02)
172
(6.77)
66
(2.6)
20
(0.79)
1,818
(71.57)
Average precipitation days 9.8 11.9 14.5 13.9 15.5 15.6 16.7 16.6 13.1 10.1 7.2 5.7 150.5
Average relative humidity (%) 84.0 85.0 87.1 87.6 84.4 83.3 83.3 85.4 84.5 82.8 80.9 80.5 84.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 71 51 53 93 179 167 190 180 183 162 137 120 1,584
Source: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[3]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Proposal to re-establish Sơn Tây City
  2. ^ Minh Trị Lưu - Historical remains & beautiful places of Hanoi and the surrounding areas - Page 204 2000 "Và Temple locates on a hill covered with green of old-age ironwood trees in Vân Giã hamlet, Trung Hưng commune, Sơn Tây town. Và Temple is differently called Đông Cung (East palace), dedicating to God Tản Viên"
  3. ^ "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF) (in Vietnamese). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.

External links[edit]