Sagardighi (community development block)
সাগরদীঘি সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|Community development block|
|• MLA||Subrata Saha|
|• Total||345.20 km2 (133.28 sq mi)|
|Elevation||32 m (105 ft)|
|• Density||900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|• Total literates||172,182 (65.27%)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 3483|
|Vehicle registration||WB-57, WB-58|
|Sex ratio||962 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Jangipur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Sagardighi|
Sagardighi is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Jangipur subdivision of Murshidabad district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Sagardighi police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Sagardighi.
Sagardighi is about 30 kilometres (19 mi) north-west of Baharampur by road.Morgram, the junction of NH 34 and Panagarh–Morgram Highway is part of Sagardighi block. An area steeped in history, it has been in focus because of the expansion programme of Sagardighi Thermal Power Station.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economics
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Culture
- 7 References
Small weapons made of stone, which are around 15,000-20,000 years old, have been discovered by archaeologists of the State Archaeology Department at Ekani Chandpara in Sagardighi. Apart from the weapons they also discovered raw materials and scrap, which indicates that the weapons were made at this place itself.
During the British Raj, the Murshidabad leadership of the Nawabs became weak and the British gave charge of revenue collections to a few noble Rajput Marwari's. These nobles were given the title of 'Zamindar' (Land owners). The Kothari family reigned over Sagardighi from the time of Mir Qasim until the abolishment of the Zamindari system after the independence of India. The last ruling Zamindar of Sagardighi and the surrounding areas of Ratanpur was Bimal Singh Kothari. His family/descendants continue to live in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Sagardighi is located at
Sagardighi CD Block is bounded by Raghunathganj I and Raghunathganj II CD Blocks in the north, Lalgola CD Block in the east, Nabagram CD Block in the south and Nalhati II CD Block, in Birbhum district, in the west.
The Bhagirathi divides the district into two parts namely Bagri on the east and Rahr on the west. The Padma separates the district from Malda district, and Chapai Nawabganj and Rajshahi districts of Bangladesh.
The surface of land to the west of the Bhagirathi, the area in which Sagardighi lies, is high and undulating. The soil is hard clay and the climate is somewhat dry. This area is an extension of the Rarh region. Sagardighi is in a zone affected by floods but the impact is less severe than in the adjoining Kandi subdivision.
Sagardighi CD Block has an area of 345.20 km2.
Rural area under Sagardighi block consists of 11 gram panchayats, viz. Harhari, Balia, Bokhara–I, Kabilpur, Patkeldanga, Bannyeswar, Bokhara–II, Manigram, Sagardighi, Barala, Gobordhandanga and Moregram.There is no urban area under this block. Sagardighi police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is in Sagardighi.
Chandpara and Kherur are villages under Monigram gram panchayat.
As per 2011 Census of India Sagardighi CD Block had a total population of 310,461, all of which were rural. There were 158,641 (51%) males and 151,820(49%)females. Population below 6 years numbered 46,641. Scheduled Castes numbered 58,308 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 19,811.
In 2011 Sagardighi (village) had a population of 1,966.
In 2001, Sagardighi CD Block had a population of 252,360 in 2001, out of which 128,596 were males and 123,764 were females. Decadal growth during the period 1991-2001 was 26.76 per cent against decadal growth of 23.70 per cent in Murshidabad District. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages in Sagardighi CD Block were (2011 population figures in brackets):Ramna Sekhdighi (6,367), Gangadda (4,801), Kismatgadi (4,185), Kantanagar (9,453), Manigram (4,162), Bokhara (8,000), Jugor (6,080), Popara (10,107), Balia (10,299), Kabilpur (16,489), Charkabilpur (5,438), Char Mathurapur (7,112), Sinheswari Gauripur (4,921) and Dasturhat (9,959).
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Sagardighi CD Block was 172,182 (65.27% of the population above 6 years) out of which 92,101 (53%) were males and 80,081 (47%) were females.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Farakka – 59.75%|
|Samserganj – 54.98%|
|Suti I – 58.40%|
|Suti II – 55.23%|
|Raghunathganj I – 64.49%|
|Raghunathganj II – 61.17%|
|Sagardighi – 65.27%|
|Murshidabad-Jiaganj – 69.14%|
|Bhagawangola I - 57.22%|
|Bhagawangola II – 53.48%|
|Nabagram – 70.83%|
|Berhampore – 73.51%|
|Beldanga I – 70.06%|
|Beldanga II – 67.86%|
|Hariharpara – 69.20%|
|Naoda – 66.09%|
|Kandi – 65.13%|
|Khargram – 63.56%|
|Burwan – 68.96%|
|Bharatpur I – 62.93%|
|Bharatpur II – 66.07%|
|Domkal – 55.89%|
|Raninagar I – 57.81%|
|Raninagar II – 54.81%|
|Jalangi – 58.73%|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
Agriculture plays a vital role in the economy of the district. Sericulture industry is the principal agro-based rural industry.
Sagardighi plays a most role in the economy of the Block.
Sagardighi Thermal Power Station
Sagardighi Thermal Power Station of West Bengal Power Development Corporation Limited has two generators of 300 MW each. The site is about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) from Monigram railway station of the Bandel-Barhawara section of Eastern Railway. NH 34 is about 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from the site. It is on the western bank of the Bhagirathi. The project was developed by the Chinese firm, Dongfang Electric Corporation, at a cost of Rs. 27.50 billion. The power plant had provided employment for about 2,000 people. The state government had acquired 1,600 acres (650 ha) of land without resistance.
The state government is expected to spend around Rs. 80 billion on Sagardighi plant expansion.
Sagardighi Thermal Power Project with its two units of 300MW capacity is running successfully. Two more units of 500MW capacity are being constructed by Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
Nearest railway station is Sagardighi (SDI).
Kherur Mosque is located on the top of a mound at Kherur in Sagardighi. The 15th century mosque, spread over an area of 2 acres (0.81 ha), was built by Rafat Khan during the reign of Sultan Hussain Shah. The mosque is rectangular in shape. There is a domed prayer chamber. The mosque has four minarets at four corners.
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