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Eglinton Avenue at the Eglinton GO Station, east of Bellamy Road
|Changed Municipality||1998 Toronto from Scarborough|
|• MP||John McKay (Scarborough—Guildwood)|
|• MPP||Mitzie Hunter (Scarborough—Guildwood)|
|• Councillor||Gary Crawford (Ward 36 Scarborough Southwest)|
|Elevation||158 m (518 ft)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||(416) and (647)|
Scarborough Village is a neighbourhood in eastern Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is located in the south-central part of the former suburb of Scarborough. Historically, it was one of the earliest settlements in the former Township of Scarborough and was the first region of the township to have its own post office. Today, the neighbourhood is composed of private and public housing, apartment complexes, schools, a few condominiums, and strip mall plazas. The neighbourhood lies along the shores of Lake Ontario, specifically the Scarborough Bluffs.
The neighbourhood is located between Highland Creek and Lake Ontario. The officially-recognized boundaries are the Canadian National Railway tracks to the north, Scarborough Golf Club Road and Bethune Boulevard to the east, Lake Ontario and Bellamy Ravine Creek to the south, and Bellamy Road to the west. The major intersection and midpoint of the community is Eglinton Avenue East and Markham Road. There is a high concentration of low-income public housing projects along Eglinton Ave East from Bellamy Road to Kingston Road.
Scarborough Village established as a settlement in the 1800s by Cornell and Secor as a crossroads village. It was centered on Markham Road between Kingston Road to the south and Eglinton Avenue to the north. The area provided settlers with access to the lakeshore and partially served as a through-way for soldiers during the War of 1812. In 1832, it became the first community in the former Township of Scarborough to have its own post office. By 1856, Scarborough Village became a subdivision and by 1860, the area of Scarborough Village had its first completed brick schoolhouse. By the 1890s, a general store, a blacksmith shop, a store that sold farm accessories, and a large railway hotel were built in the area. The area only contained about a dozen dwellings. During the 1930s, Kingston Road had become a major route connecting Old Toronto with the rest of eastern Ontario communities, as well as Montreal. After the construction of the Grand Trunk Railway tracks north of Eglinton Avenue, Kingston Road had decreased in traffic and few businesses began to close. Over the years, the population of Scarborough Village, census tract 0331.03, has grown remarkably. In 2006, there were 5,267 people counted as residents of Scarborough Village (Statistics Canada, 2006), and in 2011, 5,912 people chose to reside in this particular area (Statistics Canada, 2011). From 2006 to 2011, there was an increase in most residents living in Scarborough Village that were apart of a minority racial group. Chinese residents increased by 50% from 70 people in 2006 (Statistics Canada, 2006) to 105 people in 2011 (Statistics Canada, 2011). Similarly, African American residents increased from 90 people in 2006 (Statistics Canada, 2006) to 1,220 people in 2011 (Statistics Canada, 2011). However, there was a decrease in Latin American residents residing in Scarborough Village as in 2006 there were 145 people (Statistics Canada, 2006), but in 2011 there were only 125 Latin Americans (Statistics Canada, 2011). In addition, data collected from the 2011 census showed income levels for those individuals who live in census tract 0331.03 of Scarborough Village. Between earnings of $1 and $10,000, there were 1,190 people in 2011 (Statistics Canada, 2011). Amongst the wage gap of $10,000 and $20,000, 755 people who lived in Scarborough Village made this amount of money in a year (Statistics Canada, 2011). Finally, in the range of $20,000 to $30,000, 895 residents fall into this category (Statistics Canada, 2011).The average income among individual incomes between 2006 and 2011 has increased by 10.95% (Statistics Canada, 2011). However, individuals under the $10,000 and $19,999 category showed a dropped significantly in income levels in 2011, 185 individual are making less money under this category (Statistics Canada, 2011).. The most significant increase occurs in the 20,000 to 29,999 category, which reveals an increase of 300 individuals (Statistics Canada, 2011).
According to the 2006 Canadian Census (0331.01 census tract) approximately 80% of the population is first generation Canadian. Meaning that 80% of the population was born outside of Canada compared to the 9% who are second generation and 11% who are third generation. Second generation refers to persons who were born in Canada, but have at least one parent who was born outside of Canada, and third generation refers to persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada. However, in the 2011 National Household Survey the number of first generation Canadian's shrunk to 68%, while the second generation percentage increased to 26%. Additionally, the percentage of third generation Canadian's decreased to 6%. The average income among individual incomes between 2006 and 2011 has increased by 10.95% (Statistics Canada, 2011). However, individuals under the $10,000 and $19,999 category showed a dropped significantly in income levels in 2011, 185 individual are making less money under this category (Statistics Canada, 2011).. The most significant increase occurs in the 20,000 to 29,999 category, which reveals an increase of 300 individuals (Statistics Canada, 2011).
The neighbourhood is served by its heavily used Toronto Transit Commission bus routes 86 Scarborough and 116 Morningside, which connect to Kennedy on the Toronto subway. Other routes, 102 Markham and 9 Bellamy, connect to Warden to the south while the latter route connects to the Scarborough Centre to the north. The Eglinton GO Station is located in the west of the neighbourhood for express transit to Downtown Toronto and other destinations along its line.
- Markington Square — largest plaza in Scarborough Village
- Scarborough Village Alternative School
- Christ Church of Scarborough Village — oldest church in Scarborough Village (though rebuilt several times)
- Scarborough Village Community Centre — a branch of the Toronto Parks, Forestry and Recreation Division
- Scarborough Village Theatre — part of the Scarborough Village Community Centre and home to Scarborough music theatre, Scarborough Players, and Scarborough Theatre Guild
- Robert McCowan, for whom McCowan Road is named
- John Muir, father of Alexander Muir, the author of the song "The Maple Leaf Forever"