Secretary of State for Justice
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|Secretary of State for Justice|
|Ministry of Justice|
The Right Honourable
(within the UK and the Commonwealth)
on advice of the Prime Minister
|Inaugural holder||Charlie Falconer|
|Formation||9 May 2007|
|Deputy||Minister of State for Justice|
|This article is part of the series: Courts of England and Wales|
|Law of England and Wales|
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Justice is a senior position in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom, held in conjunction with the office of Lord Chancellor since it was created in 2007, replacing the former post of Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs. On 9 May 2007, the Department for Constitutional Affairs was abolished, and a Ministry of Justice (MoJ) was created in its place. The Ministry of Justice is also responsible for certain functions transferred from the Home Office.
The then Lord Chancellor, Charlie Falconer, was appointed to the post of Secretary of State for Justice on the abolition of his position as Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs. The Home Secretary, John Reid, told Parliament that future Secretaries of State for Justice would be MPs rather than peers. Jack Straw took over this department on 28 June 2007, following the selection of Gordon Brown as leader of the Labour Party and Prime Minister and left office on the resignation of Gordon Brown after the May 2010 general election. He was replaced by Conservative MP Ken Clarke. In the Cabinet reshuffle of August 2012 Chris Grayling was promoted to Lord Chancellor, and, by convention, Secretary of State for Justice. He was the first Lord Chancellor to have no legal background or expertise. After the 2015 general election, the position was given to former Government Chief Whip Michael Gove. Michael Gove was replaced after Theresa May became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on 14 July 2016 and succeeded by Liz Truss. Following the 2017 general election, which resulted in a minority Conservative government, David Lidington was appointed Secretary of State for Justice, who in turn was succeeded by David Gauke on 8 January 2018.
List of Secretaries of State
For Lord Chancellors before 2003, see List of Lord Chancellors and Lord Keepers
For Secretaries between 2003 and 2007, see Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs
- First non-peer to serve as Lord Chancellor since Sir Robert Henley as Lord Keeper of the Seal in 1760.
- "Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice, The Rt Hon David Lidington MP".