|Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Justice|
12 May 2015
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||Simon Hughes|
|Member of Parliament
for Esher and Walton
6 May 2010
|Preceded by||Ian Taylor|
25 February 1974 |
|Residence||Thames Ditton, Surrey|
|Alma mater||Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford
Jesus College, Cambridge
Dominic Rennie Raab (born 25 February 1974) is a British Conservative politician. He is the Member of Parliament for Esher and Walton in Surrey and is a former international business lawyer. He was appointed Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Minister for Human Rights, at the Ministry of Justice on 12 May 2015.
- 1 Biography
- 2 Political career
- 3 Writings
- 4 Personal life
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Raab grew up in Buckinghamshire, to a Czech father, who came to Britain in 1938 as a Jewish refugee. Raab went to Dr Challoner's Grammar School in Amersham. He went on to Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, where he read law. After graduating, Raab gained a masters from Jesus College, Cambridge. Raab started his career as a corporate lawyer at Linklaters in London. Raab spent the summer of 1998 at Birzeit University (near Ramallah) where he worked for one of the principal Palestinian negotiators of the Oslo peace accords, assessing World Bank projects on the West Bank.
In 2000, Raab joined the Foreign Office, covering a range of briefs including leading a team at the British Embassy in The Hague, dedicated to bringing war criminals to justice. Upon returning to London, he advised on the Arab-Israeli Conflict, the European Union, and Gibraltar. From 2006 to 2010, Raab worked in Parliament as Chief of Staff to Shadow Home Secretary David Davis, and to fellow lawyer and Shadow Secretary of State for Justice Dominic Grieve.
Cameron-Clegg ministry (2010-2015)
Raab was elected to Parliament to represent Esher & Walton at the 2010 election with a total of 32,134 votes (58.9% of the popular vote). Raab gained a majority of 18,593 over his nearest rival.
Raab lives in and commutes from the constituency. Since the election, he has campaigned for fairer funding for local services in Elmbridge, stronger local democracy in the running of community hospitals in Cobham, Walton and Molesey, in favour of more visible and responsive policing and against the construction of an M25 service station at Downside.
In the House of Commons, he has spoken out strongly in support of the coalition government's plans to cut the budget deficit, expand academy schools, repeal ID cards and enact a Freedom Bill. He criticised the government for opting into the EU directive on a European Investigation Order, arguing it would strain operational policing resources, and dilute safeguards protecting British citizens from misuse of personal data and guaranteeing a fair trial.
In July 2010 he secured a review of 'positive discrimination' rules being applied to Foreign Office work experience schemes, having been contacted by a constituent who had been rejected from the scheme for failing to meet "the social criteria". The two programmes at the organisation all barred white males from applying other than those from low income backgrounds, Raab argued they re-introduced discrimination 'via the backdoor'. The MP welcomed the review, blaming the situation on the previous Labour government. He stated "positive discrimination is wrong in the same way as negative discrimination. It means people are thinking in terms of social criteria and it is anti-meritocratic."
He came to media attention in August 2010, after requesting that the pressure group 38 Degrees remove his parliamentary email address from their website, arguing that lobby groups sending or co-ordinating 'clone emails' designed to deluge MP's inboxes detracted from their ability to correspond with constituents and help those in real need. 38 Degrees said that the email address is paid for by taxpayers' money and is in the public domain, thus they have every right to host it on their website and use it for campaigning.
Raab won “Newcomer of the Year” for 2011 at The Spectator's Parliamentary Awards. Raab had lead debates on giving prisoners the vote and extradition. In April he had also presented an ultimately unsuccessful Ten Minute Rule Bill proposing that emergency service and transport Unions should be required by law to ensure that strike votes receive 50% support of union members. Raab argued that reform was needed to prevent "militant union bosses" holding the "hard working majority" to ransom.
On 7 March 2012, Raab opened a debate in the House of Commons on Sergei Magnitsky and Impunity for Gross Human Rights Abuses, calling upon on the UK government to bring forward legislative proposals that would allow it to impose visa bans and asset freezes on state officials responsible for gross human rights abuses against individuals. The motion was supported by three former Foreign Secretaries and two former foreign Ministers and had cross party support and was passed unanimously by MPs.
On 30 January 2011, The Mail on Sunday published an article alleging Raab was a workplace bully in his previous role as Chief of Staff to David Davis. Raab responded by saying 'This is a smear and any insinuation that I have behaved improperly is false and malicious'. He subsequently sued the Mail on Sunday for libel. The Mail on Sunday paid substantial compensation to settle the claim out of court, and on 18 March 2012 issued an apology, stating: ‘We accept that our allegations were unfounded and we apologise to Mr Raab for the damage, embarrassment and offence caused’.
On 10 February 2011, Raab gave the winding up speech in the debate on whether to give prisoners the vote, arguing that freedom entails responsibility and that elected law-makers in the House of Commons rather than unaccountable judges in Strasbourg should decide the matter.
On 22 June 2011, the Joint Committee on Human Rights (JCHR) published a report on The Human Rights Implications of British extradition. As a member of the JCHR, Raab proposed that the committee look into the issue of fast-track extradition of British citizens following several instances of miscarriages of justice. In an article for the Times. Raab argued that more needed to be done to protect British citizens subject to European Arrest Warrants. The JCHR have called for safeguards to ensure warrants are not issued for minor offences and when there is minimal evidence and checks to prevent extradition for investigation rather than prosecution. On 24 November 2011, Raab led a debate in the House of Commons calling for extradition reform. His campaign has cross party support and is also backed by victims including Gary Mackinnon’s mother, Janis Sharpe.
On 30 January 2014, Raab proposed an amendment to the Immigration Bill to deport all prisoners given a sentence of a year or more. It was defeated, but allowed 99 Members to voice that change was necessary to prevent immigrants convicted of crimes from using the ECHR as support to remain in the UK.
Cameron ministry (2015-2020)
In the 2015 General Election on 7 May 2015, Raab retained his Esher and Walton seat with a majority of 28,000 votes over his nearest rival. Raab was appointed Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Ministry of Justice under Michael Gove on 12 May 2015.
Civil liberties and justice
In 2009, Raab published his first book, The Assault on Liberty – What Went Wrong with Rights, in which he argued against what he claimed was "Labour's attacks on Britain's proud tradition of freedom". In October 2010, he published Fight Terror, Defend Freedom, a pamphlet on the Home Office counter-terrorism review.
In January 2011, Raab wrote an article on the use of control orders in counter terrorism cases in which he contended that they are ineffective and should be scrapped with a greater focus on prosecutions.
Raab published a pamphlet with the think-tank Civitas entitled Strasbourg in the Dock in April 2011. The pamphlet follows Parliament's recent rejection of a European Court ruling that at least some prisoners should have the right to vote. Raab argues that unelected judges have overstepped the mark in relation to the Hirst case - although the Strasbourg judges are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. Raab contends that many of the judges are lacking in experience and as a result "are undermining the credibility and value of the Court". Raab makes a range of proposals to strengthen the authority of Britain's Supreme Court, give elected law-makers the last word on creation of new rights and reform of the Strasbourg Court.
In July 2011, Raab called for reform of the UK Borders Act (2007) which currently allows foreign criminals to avoid deportation by claiming a "right to family life" under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. He proposed that the reference to the Human Rights Act be removed. He argues this could be done in a way that ensures foreign criminals could only avoid deportation if there is a "serious risk" they will be tortured on their return.
Equality, meritocracy and positive discrimination
On 30 January, he wrote a comment piece for the Sunday Times on the Equality Act. Raab argued for a meritocratic approach against positive discrimination and highlighted the lower standard of human rights protections in extradition cases compared to deportation cases.
In a 24 January 2011 article on the Politics Home website, Raab argued in favour of transferable paternity leave and against "the equality bandwagon" "pitting men and women against each other". He argued in favour of a consistent approach to sexism against men and women commenting that some feminists were "now amongst the most obnoxious bigots" and it was sexist to blame men for the recession.
Raab highlighted the wide range of sex discrimination faced by males including "anti-male discrimination in rights of maternity/paternity leave", young boys being "educationally disadvantaged compared to girls", and how "divorced or separated fathers are systematically ignored by the courts". Raab stated "from the cradle to the grave, men are getting a raw deal. Men work longer hours, die earlier, but retire later than women", noting that the pensions inequalities were still not going to be rectified for another seven years.
He was subsequently interviewed on the piece by the Evening Standard and BBC Radio 4. Theresa May the Minister for Women and Equalities criticised Raab's "obnoxious bigots" comment but agreed with his suggestions on paternity leaving and ending gender warfare
Raab's remarks were condemned by some Labour MPs, including Harriet Harman and Nia Griffith, who said Raab should "stop being so self-pitying. The reality is that women with very good qualifications time and time again do not get the top jobs and opportunities." However, Raab stood by his comments in a comment piece for The Telegraph, highlighting the various sexist statements Harman had made about men, contrasting them with similar comments about women by the likes of Andy Gray. Raab also noted he had received an "overwhelmingly positive" reaction to his comments "from both men and women".
On 30 July 2012, Raab published a pamphlet with the Centre for Policy Studies entitled Unleashing the British Underdog: 10 Bets on the little guy. In the report, Raab outlines 10 policies to improve social mobility and provide opportunities for those from non-traditional backgrounds to succeed.
After the Coalition and the Future of Conservatism
In October 2011 Dominic Raab, along with 4 other 2010 intake MPs published 'After the Coalition', arguing that Conservative principles adapted to the modern world are essential for future national success of the party. The book was serialised in the Daily Telegraph. Raab wrote his piece for the paper on British foreign policy. He argued foreign policy should reflect the national interest – Britain should not over extend itself in foreign conflicts, aid should be focused on the poorest countries and Britain should champion free trade abroad. Raab also contributed to David Davis' book, The Future of Conservatism, with a chapter on trade union reform.
In November 2011, Raab wrote a pamphlet published by the Centre for Policy Studies, Escaping the Strait Jacket – Ten Regulatory Reforms to Create Jobs. The paper makes the case for reforming red-tape to boost job creation on grounds of economic competitiveness and social fairness.
The book also addressed issues of national debt, state education, innovation and work ethic. Writing on work ethic in the Daily Telegraph, Raab said that longer periods in education, earlier retirement, welfare dependency and high marginal rates of taxation had led to a situation where "(w)e have a smaller proportion of the workforce pedalling harder to sustain the rest – which is economically debilitating and socially divisive." Raab called for measures to cut regulation on start up companies, expand vocational training, reduce child care costs and lower marginal (income-focused) rates of taxation to "rediscover and reward the lost virtue of hard-work – a tried and tested route to individual success, a more prosperous economy and a fairer society."
- "Dominic Raab MP". BBC Democracy Live (BBC). Retrieved 25 July 2010.
- The London Gazette: . 13 May 2010.
- "LMH, Oxford - Prominent Alumni". Retrieved 22 May 2015.
- "Esher & Walton". BBC. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "Dom in the media". Dominicraab.com. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- "Hansard - Commons | Houses of Parliament - Archives (11th January 2012): Dominic Raab: Spoken material by date". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- Whitehead, Tom; Porter, Andrew (26 July 2010). "Britons to be spied on by foreign police". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- Carlin, Brendan (25 July 2010). "Work experience at the Foreign Office? Not if you're a middle class white male". Daily Mail (London).
- "MP wins review of "discriminatory" Foreign Office policy (From This Is Local London)". Thisislocallondon.co.uk. 2010-07-28. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- Pidd, Helen (9 August 2010). "Conservative MP tried to remove email address from websites". The Guardian (London).
- "Lobby Group Politics | Dom Raab's Blog". Domraab.blogspot.com. 2010-08-09. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- "The Spectator Parliamentarian of the Year Awards winners - Spectator Blogs". Blogs.spectator.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- The Times, 26 April 2011
- "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 26 Apr 2011 (pt 0002)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- "MPs urge government sanctions against Russia over Magnitsky death". BBC. 7 March 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 07 Mar 2012 (pt 0003)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- "Cameron: Man or mouse? Man - and butcher! The Tory Diary". Conservativehome.blogs.com. 2012-09-06. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- "Corrections and clarifications | Daily Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. 2012-03-17. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- Letts, Quentin (11 February 2011). "How Karate Kid MP gave Europe the chop". Daily Mail (London).
- Raab, Dominic (2 February 2011). "What happens if we defy Europe? Nothing". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- "Will David Cameron defy Parliament on prisonersâ votes, or Europe?". The Daily Telegraph (London). 11 February 2011.
- The Committee Office, House of Lords/Commons. "The Human Rights Implications of UK Extradition Policy - Human Rights Joint Committee". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- The Times newspaper, Thunderer Column, 22 June 2011
- "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 24 Nov 2011 (pt 0001)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- "The full list of MPs who voted for the Raab amendment". Conservative Home. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- Tobitt, Charlotte. "Election 2015: Dominic Raab holds onto Esher and Walton seat with huge majority". Get Surrey. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- "David Cameron addresses his Cabinet with pledge to implement Conservative manifesto in full - as it happened". Telegraph. 2015-05-12. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- Published by Fourth Estate on 19 January 2009 as a 276-page paperback (ISBN 0-007-29339-9). Not to be confused with The Assault on Liberty: Rambling Thoughts of a Roads Scholar by Mason Mccoy
- "Book launch this evening: ‘Fight Terror, Defend Freedom’ by Dominic Raab MP". Big Brother Watch. 18 October 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- Raab, Dominic (6 January 2011). "Control orders are a sideshow". The Guardian (London, UK).
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- Barrett, David (17 July 2011). "MP seeks to stop criminals using human rights to avoid deportation". The Daily Telegraph (London, UK).
- "Dominic Raab". Thesundaytimes.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-29. (subscription required)
- Dominic Raab (24 January 2011). "We must end feminist bigotry". Politics Home. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "MP Dominic Raab says men victims of discrimination". BBC News. 25 January 2011.
- Prince, Rosa (24 January 2011). "Dominic Raab: men should 'burn their briefs' in protest at 'obnoxious feminist bigots'". The Daily Telegraph (London, UK).
- Pippa Crerar (25 January 2011). "Feminism is for out of touch Lefties". Evening Standard. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- Eddie Mair (25 January 2011). "Dominic Raab update". BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "Theresa May slaps down 'feminist bigots' MP Raab". BBC News. 27 January 2011.
- Prince, Rosa (24 January 2011). "Dominic Raab: men should 'burn their briefs' in protest at 'obnoxious feminist bigots'". The Daily Telegraph (London, UK).
- Dominic Raab and Fay Weldon (26 January 2011). "Are men victims of obnoxious feminism?". The Telegraph (London, UK). Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- 0. "MP Raab claims support for male discrimination view". Get Surrey. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- Dominic Raab MP. "Pointmaker : Unleashing The British Underdog" (PDF). Cps.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- Raab, Dominic (14 September 2011). "Time for a foreign policy that puts Britain first". The Daily Telegraph (London, UK).
- Dominic Raab MP. "Pointmaker : Escaping The Strait Jacket" (PDF). Cps.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- "Tackle 'lazy' Britain, fellow Tories tell David Cameron". Evening Standard. 17 August 2012.
- Raab, Dominic (4 September 2012). "Hard graft can make Britain great again". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- [dead link]
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Esher and Walton
2010 – present