Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians

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Shingle Springs Band
of Miwok Indians
Total population
(500 enrolled members (2012)
141 members living on the rancheria[1])
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( California)
historically Miwok languages
Related ethnic groups
other Maidu and Miwok tribes

The Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians, Shingle Springs Rancheria (Verona Tract), California is a federally recognized tribe of Maidu and Miwok people in El Dorado County, California.[2][3] The Shingle Springs Miwok are Sierra Miwok, an indigenous people of California.[4] As of the 2010 Census the population was 102.[5]


The Shingle Springs Band conducts business from Shingle Springs[6] and Sacramento, California. The Tribe is led by an elected council:

  • Tribal Chairman: Nicholas Fonseca
  • Tribal Vice-Chairman: Hermo Olanio
  • Council Member: Allan Campbell
  • Council Member: Regina Cuellar
  • Council Member: Bernie Gonzales
  • Council Member: Malissa Tayaba[1]
  • Council Member: Brian Fonseca

Shingle Springs Rancheria has a tribal court, which was established in November 2010. The chief judge is Christine Williams[7]


The Shingle Springs Rancheria (38°41′48″N 120°54′18″W / 38.69667°N 120.90500°W / 38.69667; -120.90500) is 160-acre parcel of land, located in El Dorado County.[7] It lies in the heart of Nisenan or southern Maidu territory and was purchased by the US Federal Government on 16 December 1916 on behalf of the Sacramento-Verona Band of Miwok Indians.[8] Nearby communities are Shingle Springs and Diamond Springs.

On June 14, 2013, Rep. Tom McClintock introduced into the United States House of Representatives the bill To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to take certain Federal lands located in El Dorado County, California, into trust for the benefit of the Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians (H.R. 2388; 113th Congress). The bill would take specified federal land in El Dorado County, California, into trust for the Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians.[9] The United States Secretary of the Interior would be responsible for carrying this out.[10] The United States Department of the Interior provided the following background information about the situation when it testified about the bill before the Subcommittee on Indian and Alaska Native Affairs of the House Natural Resources Committee: "On December 16, 1916, the Secretary of the Interior purchased the 160-acre Shingle Springs Rancheria east of Sacramento in El Dorado County, California at the request of the Sacramento-Verona Band of Miwok Indians. Today's members of the Shingle Springs Rancheria are descendants of the Miwok and Maidu Indians who once lived in this region. Currently, there are approximately 500 enrolled members of the Tribe, with about 140 living on the Rancheria.The tribe has expressed an interest in expanding the Rancheria by adding adjacent BLM-managed lands for improved access and additional residential housing for the tribe."[11]

Economic development[edit]

The Tribe owns Red Hawk Casino, located near Placerville, California. The casino has won more than 100 awards. There are 70 table games and about 2,200 slot machines. Restaurants include Henry's Steakhouse, Pearl Asian Cuisine, Koto Grille, Waterfall Buffet, and Two Rivers Café. Kids Quest provides childcare and CyberQuest is a video arcade. Red Hawk Traders is a gift shop and gallery.[12]

The Tribe's Shingle Springs Health & Wellness offers medical, dental and behavioral health for the entire family. It is located off of Red Hawk Parkway and is open to the public. The Health & Wellness Center accepts most major insurance, Medicare and Covered CA.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Tribal Governance." Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians. 2012. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
  2. ^ Pritzker 135
  3. ^ "Tribal Office Locations." California Department of Transportation: District 10. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  4. ^ "California Indians and Their Reservations: Miwok." San Diego State University Library and Information Access. 2011 . Retrieved 31 May 2012.
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Member Tribes." California Rural Indian Health Board. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
  7. ^ a b "Shingle Springs Rancheria Tribal Court." California Courts. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
  8. ^ "Our Heritage." Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians. 2012. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
  9. ^ "H.R. 2388 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  10. ^ Kasperowicz, Pete (3 December 2013). "Tuesday: Guns, TSA, and loose change". The Hill. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "Statement for the Record by the Department of the Interior". United States Department of the Interior. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  12. ^ "Redhawk Casino." 500 Nations. Retrieved 31 May 2012.


  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1

External links[edit]