Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians

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Manzanita Band
of Diegueño Mission Indians
Total population
(67 enrolled members [1])
Regions with significant populations
United States United States California (California)
Kumeyaay,[2][3] English
Traditional tribal religion,
Christianity (Roman Catholicism)[4]
Related ethnic groups
other Kumeyaay tribes, Cocopa,
Quechan, Paipai, and Kiliwa

The Manzanita Band of Diegueño Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation is a federally recognized tribe of Kumeyaay Indians,[4] who are sometimes known as part of the Mission Indians. [5]


The Manzanita Reservation (32°45′17″N 116°20′46″W / 32.75472°N 116.34611°W / 32.75472; -116.34611) is a federal Indian reservation located in the southern Laguna Mountains near Boulevard, in southeastern San Diego County, California. [5] It is within ten miles (16 km) north of the US-Mexico Border. The reservation is 3,579 acres (14.48 km2) large with a population of approximately 69.[1]

It was established in 1893.[6] In 1973, 6 out of 69 enrolled members lived on the reservation.[2] The reservation lies adjacent to both the Campo Indian Reservation and the La Posta Indian Reservation. The nearest off-reservation communities are Boulevard and Campo. [5]

In the present day there are 13 small Kumeyaay Indian reservations in San Diego County, California; and 4 Kumiai Indio tribal community ranches in northern Baja California state, Mexico. [7]


The Manzanita Band is headquartered in Boulevard. They are governed by a democratically elected tribal council. Leroy J. Elliott is their current tribal chairperson.[8]



  1. ^ a b "California Indians and Their Reservations: P." SDSU Library and Information Access. (retrieved 31 May 2010)
  2. ^ a b Shipek, 612
  3. ^ Eargle, 118-9
  4. ^ a b Pritzker, 147
  5. ^ a b c Manzanita Band of the Kumeyaay Nation, with map.
  6. ^ Pritzker, 146
  7. ^ Kumeyaay Tribes Guide, including pre-Columbian/Spanish colonial contact, historical (1776−20th century), & present day Kumeyaay maps + links to high resolution maps. . accessed 12.5.2015
  8. ^ "Tribal Governments by Area." National Congress of American Indians. (retrieved 31 May 2010)


  • Eargle, Jr., Dolan H. California Indian Country: The Land and the People. San Francisco: Tree Company Press, 1992. ISBN 0-937401-20-X.
  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.
  • Shipek, Florence C. "History of Southern California Mission Indians." Handbook of North American Indians. Volume ed. Heizer, Robert F. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978. 610-618. ISBN 0-87474-187-4.

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