Sloane Hospital for Women
The Sloane Hospital for Women is the obstetrics and gynecology service within New York-Presbyterian Hospital and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (P&S) in New York City.
Sloane Maternity Hospital was founded in 1886 based upon a donation from William D. Sloane and his wife, Emily Thorn Vanderbilt, the granddaughter of Cornelius Vanderbilt, to Columbia P&S. It was located on the P&S campus in Midtown Manhattan at Amsterdam Avenue and 59th Street, serving as a teaching facility for P&S students, and opened its doors in early 1888. It soon established a reputation for superior sanitary practices and low mortality rates; it also linked obstetrics with gynecology, the first hospital in the country to do so. The facility changed its name to Sloane Hospital for Women in 1910. In 1911, a new surgical building was added, also funded by the Sloanes.
In February 1915, an outbreak of typhoid occurred among twenty-five nurses and attendants in the hospital, two of whom later died. The outbreak was later traced to Typhoid Mary, who had violated an agreement she had made with the city not to return to the cooking profession.
In 1925, Sloane became part of Presbyterian Hospital, which was operating in affiliation with P&S. In 1928 it moved with P&S and Presbyterian Hospital to its present location on 168th Street in the Washington Heights area of northern Manhattan to form Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. There it maintained its name while occupying several floors of the Presbyterian Hospital building. Sloane is now part of NewYork-Presbyterian pediatrics within the Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital, and the name is still in use today.
In its role as both a research and clinical facility, the Sloane Hospital for Women has pioneered many advances in the field, including the Apgar score, the use of rhogam, and amniocentesis.